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History of African responses to Abakuá

At one time in my life, I did not associate myself with Mgbe, even though I was a title-holder. But the advent of the coming of the Cubans into Calabar for the International Ekpe festival in 2004 awakened a revival in my life. I asked myself: if the Cubans, who were taken from the soil of Africa to where they are today, could sustain Mgbe for over 200 years, why should we in Calabar allow Mgbe to die? There are a lot of things fighting Mgbe, wanting it to die, for instance the Churches around us here, they say Mgbe is fetish, and they preach against Mgbè. But if people who left here centuries ago, were able to keep Mgbe for so long, and they are still wanting it to exist, then there is something in Mgbè. -- Chief Ekon Imona, 2/08

8/18/11 Calabar Efik singer, dancer, and percussionist Maobong Oku plays with Cuban Proyecto Nunkue Ayaya -- Roman Diaz, Clemente Medina, Onel Mulet, on YouTube

Book Launch, Nigerian Edition of Voice of the Leopard: African Secret Societies and Cuba, by The Centre for Black and African Arts and Civilization in Lagos, an institution funded by the Government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria that is dedicated to study of the African Diaspora


Maobong Oku, of the Efik of Calabar, has Toto Berriel of Los Muñequitos de Matanzas playing in her Vancouver based group. See YouTube video of Canada Day performance  -- Toto is to the left of lead singer Maobong.


Desde Camerún a Cuba: una invitación a la reunión de 2012 de la gran familia Nasako, 6/2011  From Cameroon to Cuba: An invitation to the 2012 reunion of the 'Great Nasako Family'

10/14/09 Ekpe members from the Manyu region in Cameroon discover their brothers and sisters [in Cuba] who have been separated from them for over 200 years, Ekpe Society, Baltimore, MD

Constitution of the Calabar Mgbe, This Cross River, Nigeria, organization has as a goal reunion with all Ekpe, including those in Cuba (Abakuá).

5/08 Ekpo Ekeng, youth leader of Cobham Town, Calabar, on the Paris Cuba-Ekpe Encounter
2/25/08 Interview with Etubom Bassey Ekpo Bassey, now the new Obong of Calabar: a progressive journalist, he favors exchanges with the Cuban Abakuá.
1/08 - 2/08 Cuban Abakuá fueling a resurgence of traditional Ekpe culture in Cross River Delta, Nigeria - Statement by ‘Iberedem’ Fred Eno Essien, ‘Ukai’ of Ibibioland, and prominent Ekpe leader from Uruan, 1/08.  Chief Ekpenyong Eyo Honesty Eyo II, reflects upon the impact that knowledge of Cubban Abakua is having upon Ekpe leaders of the Cross River region,  Chief Ekong Imona reflects upon the impact of the Cubans in Calabar, 2/08

Cuban and Nigerian Abakwa Perform in Paris: Le Rituel Abakuá du Nigeria a Cuba, December 20-26, 2007

8/06 Etubom Bassey Ekpe Bassey on Ekpe and Cuban Culture, English and Español, Calabar, Nigeria
4/05 Cuban Abakuá Participate in the Ekpe Festival, December 19-26, 2004, Cross River State, Nigeria
2/05 Efiks of Cuba Write Obong of Calabar: We're coming home, Weekend Chronicle, Nigeria (on AfroCubaWeb)
2003 Encounter in Michigan: Cuban Abakuá and the Obong of Calabar, 11/06 Angel Guerrero and Roman Diaz present Cuban Abakuá to the paramount ruler of the Efiks in the Cross River Delta, Nigeria.
12/04  Cuban Abakuá Participate in the Ekpe Festival, December 19-26, 2004, Cross River State, Nigeria
8/4/01 Nigerian Efiks and Cuban Abakuá re-unite

Links/Enlaces top

Abakuá page on AfroCubaWeb

Calabar Mgbe - Revista Internacional N'dibo Yeve Ngo Blog




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