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WifiCyber Cuba News

With the notable exception of Miguel Díaz-Canel ("MDC"), the first vice president of Cuba and an electronics engineer by training, many in the leadership in Cuba are said not to be knowledgeable about modern computer and communications technology, leading to suboptimal deployment decisions. Cuba has of course also been hampered by the embargo's relentless hold resulting in very small sized pipes going into Cuba, something the manufactured American consensus blames on the victim. The largely white exilia, especially those in the US, are running full speed ahead with the use of computer and communications technology, introducing another game changer, potentially to the disadvantage of AfroCubans. But these technologies also present many opportunities for everyone.

Cuba’s State Entities Benefit from Local Laptop and Tablet Assembly  4/10/2017 Havana Times: "From last December to this March, that is to say in just three months of production, 1500 laptops and over 3500 tablets have been assembled, figures which are relatively modest given this kind of industry. The Industrial Company for Computers, Communications and Electronics (GEDEME) was the first on the island to have a specialized production line for these types of devices, whose hardware, or physical parts come from the Haier company in China. The software has been “made in Cuba” courtesy of the University of Information Sciences (UCI), which has designed Nova Operation Systems for laptops and NovaDroid for tablets."

IX Encuentro Internacional de Investigadores y Estudiosos de la Información y la Comunicación (ICOM 2017) 13 - 1 7 de noviembre de 201 IX Encuentro Internacional de Investigadores y Estudiosos de la Información y la Comunicación  4/1/2017 IPS: Convocatorio - ICOM 2017, 7 de noviembre de 2017 - "En tiempos en que las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación atraviesan la gestión del desarrollo en nuestros países y estimulan prácticas de convergencia, y cuando la solución de muchos proble mas de la realidad social demanda el diálogo entre las competencias y enfoques teóricos de diferentes disciplinas, es imprescindible trascender los muros y la tentación de la especialización excesiva del conocimiento, más propia de paradigmas epistemológic os de antaño."

How Reggaetón Exploded All Over Cuba Without the Internet  3/30/2017 Wired: "You can’t visit Cuba and not hear reggaetón. The eclectic mix of salsa, hip-hop and electronica blasts from shops, cars and bike taxis. And despite government censorship and limited internet access, the genre exploded in popularity thanks to “el paquete,” a grassroots distribution system that relies on nothing more than hard drives, thumb drives, and old-fashioned hand delivery."

If You Really Want To Know What's Happening With Tech in Cuba, Read Beyond the Headlines  3/22/2017 Global Voices: "This and other US media coverage of the recent shift in US-Cuba relations reflect a longstanding popular narrative in which the United States sees itself as the patron or colonial parent of the underdeveloped Cuban state. And as with so many other countries less developed than ours, we imagine our government—and now our technology companies—acting as the savior to the people of the country, empowering the disempowered through the (sometimes) democratizing effects of our multi-billion dollar tech innovations. With the collective hysteria about false information in news media in the background, these headlines reflect a small but important problem that arises when we try to write our news for clicks. When we combine our hunger for web traffic with entrenched biases about the United States as a patron of what too many Americans still imagine to be a forlorn Communist island, we land on a path to increasingly misleading, poorly researched narratives about a place that is indeed knowable and deeply connected to the US, in culture, intellectual history, and much more."

Impacto de la Organización de Informáticos de Cuba  3/14/2017 TV Santiago 

Cuba’s nascent tech industry is growing fast  3/11/2017 Salon: "Last year, computer engineer Bernardo Romero González came up with an idea to develop an online ordering system that allows people outside of Cuba to pay for gifts purchased from local Cuban businesses to be delivered to friends and relatives on the island. “This platform helps other entrepreneurs in Cuba to grow their market,” Romero told Salon. “Businesses in Cuba are limited to their town or city because they don’t have access to e-commerce. This creates the financial platform that allows them to put their products on the Internet.”"

Vault 7: CIA Hacking Tools Revealed  3/7/2017 WikiLeaks: "Today, Tuesday 7 March 2017, WikiLeaks begins its new series of leaks on the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Code-named "Vault 7" by WikiLeaks, it is the largest ever publication of confidential documents on the agency."

WikiLeaks releases 'entire hacking capacity of the CIA'  3/7/2017 Fox: "Some of the files include redacted information, such as tens “of thousands of CIA targets and attack machines throughout Latin America, Europe and the United States.”"

Kaspersky "heapgrd" DLL Inject  3/7/2017 WikiLeaks: Kaspersky is widely used in Cuba. This hacking tool described in WikiLeak's collection of CIA tools should be readily fixable.

Boulder company helps Cuba catch up in the tech race  3/7/2017 NBC: "A good laugh can be a great cure for a lack of creativity. That's why you'll hear plenty of it at Boomtown Accelerator in Boulder. Jose Vieitez, the co-founder, helps startups fine tune their software, business strategy and other elements essential to a successful business."

Miami Herald Cites Nearshore Americas for Cuba Tech Talent Research  3/7/2017 Near Shores America: "The Miami Herald has cited Nearshore Americas for its research on Cuba’s hidden technology talent pool, explaining how foreign multinationals are silently sourcing skilled software professionals on the island. (The article appeared on the front page of the Herald, last Friday, March 3, 2017.) The news daily said Cuba could be home to the largest pool of untapped IT talent in the Americas, adding that the communist government has given “tacit permission” for programmers to work for U.S. companies."

Preparing for a business career in Cuba takes persistence  3/2/2017 Miami Herald: "One of the biggest challenges in running a private tech venture in Cuba is getting the spare parts to operate the repair operation. “We decided to buy old laptops, broken laptops so we could get the screws and hardware needed to make repairs,” Puente said. “We learned how to do maintenance on motherboards to extend their lives.”

Cuba remains analog in a digital world  3/2/2017 The Internet in Cuba: "To run a sub-network the guys logged in using ETECSA cards and then sold the connection to the people in the park. When someone wanted to connect, one of the guys would type in a password on the person’s phone and, when the time was over, delete it. Back in November they paid 2 CUC per hour connecting maybe 10-15 people an hour for 1 CUC. With so many people using the same link, the speed was so bad that sometimes I couldn’t even check email. Yet, many people around me were video-chatting using an app called IMO (Skype and several other popular apps doesn’t work in Cuba)."

Cuba tech startups land in Boulder for a Boomtown-style training  3/1/2017 Daily Camera: "Under the guidance of the Washington, D.C.-based Cuba Emprende Foundation, a cadre of young Cuban startup CEOs has arrived in Boulder to undergo a two-week intensive program on product design, finance, digital marketing and anything else Boulder's hyper-active startup community can throw at them."

Cuba has ‘largest pool of untapped IT talent in the Americas’  2/27/2017 Miami Herald: "The people working in the Bacardí building probably also work for Cuban state enterprises, McIntire told el Nuevo Herald. “The government is fully aware that those are programmers working for foreign companies. They are in the stage of allowing it, but not promoting it,” he said."

There is no Cuban home Internet plan -- and that's good news.  2/22/2017 The Internet in Cuba: "My guess is that the Havana trial and the installations in Bayamo, Santa Clara and Las Tunas are not part of a national home-connectivity plan, but ends in themselves -- interim measures aimed at bringing slow DSL connectivity to small businesses and self-employed people in the most affluent parts of selected cities. That makes more sense to me than a plan to spend a lot of money upgrading copper telephone wires and central office equipment in order to be able to offer obsolete connectivity to 50% of Cuban homes by 2020."

Prohibido el uso de laptops en la zona Wifi de Caibarién  2/20/2017 Cibercuba: "Se referían a las prácticas frecuentes en las zonas Wifi con el llamado Connectify, que permite a varios usuarios conectarse simultáneamente desde una sola cuenta de Internet. Algunos ciudadanos compran una tarjeta Nauta, y a través de sus laptops personales conectan a varias personas por un menor precio."

Do-it-yourself rural fiber  2/9/2017 The Internet in Cuba: "Large cities like Havana have expensive fiber rings intalled in tunnels and ducts under the streets. (Google has installed that sort of infrastructure in two African capitals). Could a small town construct their own fiber ring using L.1700-compliant cables and electronics -- creating a network like the one in the following ITU illustration?"

El Contrapunteo de esta semana dedicado a los libros digitales en Cuba  2/6/2017 Cubarte: "Lo que sí es cierto es que el debate sobre esta temática ya existe, por tanto Contrapunteo va a ofrecer la oportunidad a todos aquellos con opiniones al respecto de participar en este foro que formula como principales preguntas: ¿Hasta qué punto se aprovechan las potencialidades de los libros digitales en Cuba? ¿Cómo se insertan las editoriales cubanas en la producción de estos textos? ¿Cómo acceden o pudieran acceder los cubanos a los libros digitales? ¿Cuál sería el rol de las bibliotecas y otras instituciones culturales en esa promoción? Como siempre participarán periodistas, especialistas y directivos de instituciones y todas aquellas personas con criterios a propósito y que pueden integrarse al debate a través del correo electrónico contrapunteonc@cubarte.cult.cu o de la página de Facebook www.facebook.com/noticierocultural.cuba."

Unión de Informáticos de Cuba abre convocatoria a membrecía  2/1/2017 Cubarte: "La Unión de Informáticos de Cuba en colaboración con el Centro de Informatización para la Cultura (Cubarte), sostuvo un encuentro con los principales actores en las ramas de la tecnología, la informática y las telecomunicaciones de las diferentes instituciones del sector cultural. El encuentro que tuvo lugar en la sala-teatro Abelardo Estorino, en la tarde de este martes, contó entre sus objetivos suscitar el debate en torno a los trabajadores que en su puesto de trabajo se encuentran en estrecho vínculo con las tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones, sus prácticas diarias y los basamentos o estatutos que puedan amparar a este agente dentro de su campo."

An ethnographic study -- what are Cubans doing online?  1/23/2017 The Internet in Cuba: "Even if the Cuban Internet has grown significantly during these times of change, no vibrant online society has marched forward. A well-known group of dissidents continues to provide the international community with critical opinions from the inside, but the average netizen is busy calling their family, downloading pictures from Facebook onto their phones, or struggling to open Wikipedia in preparation for their next term paper."

This is what Havana’s growing WiFi revolution looks like  1/22/2017 Huck Magazine: "The Zone is a place in which the laws of reality no longer apply. Its map extends through the capital in urban nodes, and in the villages of the provinces, it occupies the previously semi-vacant central park."

Inaugurarán nuevo punto wifi en el parqueo de Coppelia  1/15/2017 Cubadebate: "Un nuevo punto para la conexión wifi será inaugurado el cuatro de abril en el parqueo de la capitalina heladería Coppelia, en homenaje a los pioneros y jóvenes cubanos en su día. “El espacio estará concebido para el disfrute de la población, y contará con ofertas gastronómicas y baños públicos en aras de amenizar la estancia en el área“, informó Reinaldo García Zapata, miembro del Comité Central del Partido y presidente del gobierno en la provincia."

Cuba sees explosion in internet access as ties with US grow  1/14/2017 WaPo: "The government estimates that 100,000 Cubans connect to the internet daily. A new feature of urban life in Cuba is the sight of people sitting at all hours on street corners or park benches, their faces illuminated by the screen of smartphones connected by applications such as Facebook Messenger to relatives in Miami, Ecuador or other outposts of the Cuban diaspora."

Cuba tiene singulares maneras de ingresar a internet  1/14/2017 AP: "En un país donde el salario promedio equivale a unos 25 dólares al mes, el costo suena alto, aunque está al alcance de muchos cubanos que reciben remesas del extranjero o trabajan en el sector privado emergente."

Cuba Is Headed for a Tech Revolution  1/13/2017 Tech.co: "With the passing of Fidel Castro, and his brother Raul poised to retire soon, it is entirely possible that Cuba will shift into a vibrant, Internet-enabled economic engine. These events will bring the island nation into focus as free markets and technology emerge as potential replacements for an ideology that has for too long failed to address poor economic performance."

Cuba Moves Ahead With Home Internet Project – But Will It Expand?  1/2/2017 WLRN, Miami: "So this week the government will start a pilot project giving 2,000 households in Havana’s historic center free Internet access for two months. After that they’ll have to pay for it. Still, most Cubans say it’s an encouraging sign."

Cuban households test free Internet access  12/30/2016 EuroNews: "Some 2,000 Cuban households are getting to grips with free Internet access as part of a government-run pilot scheme in downtown Havana. Cuba has one of the lowest online connectivity rates in the world. Just five percent of its 11.2 million residents is estimated to have home Web access."

Chinese Investor Plans Computer Factory in Cuba  12/29/2016 Cuba Journal: "This factory will reportedly produce both 8-inch and 10-inch tablets, and will also produce laptops running sixth-generation Intel processors. Researchers from Cuba's academic institutions will work on the development of an operating system and software."

China's Haier Group will manufacture low-end tablets and laptops in Cuba  12/28/2016 The Internet in Cuba: "However, there has been a major shift in manufacturing technology since "made in Japan" meant low-end products -- assembly work is now heavily automated and will be more so in the future. I wonder how many Cubans will be employed in this factory and what sorts of jobs they will have."

Google signs internet deal with Cuba's telecommunications monopoly  12/12/2016 Reuters: “This deal allows ETECSA to use our technology to reduce latency by caching some of our most popular high bandwidth content like YouTube videos at a local level," a Google statement said."

Given the incentive, Cuba’s economy could boom  11/28/2016 The National, South Africa 

Cuban “Gamers” Surrealist Internet  11/8/2016 Havana Times: "In Cuba, over 20 years ago, when pirate distributors called “lateros” began to create homemade TV antennas so that they could pick up foreign TV channels and transmit them via cable to their users, a productive underground market for coax cables was born. You only have to have the right “contact”, the right amount of money and you can ask for however many meters you want. Normally, groups of teenagers and young people put together their money which they’ve painfully scraped together and buy all the cables they need between them."

Nothing for Ordinary Cubans  11/4/2016 Havana Times: "The internet isn’t a luxury, it’s a necessity. Plus, the 2 CUC (US $2.30) price tag for a 1 hour access card is still a great blow to the Cuban people’s economy. However, the problem isn’t only the government’s expensive price, but also the cruel initiative that resellers take. They take advantage of the fact there are very few ETECSA retail outlets and that employees there would rather sell them in bulk in exchange for getting a few cents extra for each card sold, since when these are sold directly to the general population, they don’t get a cut."

Unión de Informáticos de Cuba, plataforma de intercambio científico  11/3/2016 Cubainformación: "La joven Unión de Informáticos de Cuba (UIC) pretende erigirse como una plataforma de intercambio en la I Convención Internacional de Ciencia, Tecnología e Información, declaró hoy la presidenta nacional de esa institución, Eilyn Febles. Somos una organización de la sociedad civil cubana, que surge el 7 de marzo de 2016, justo cuando empezó a prepararse el comité organizador de esta convención, explicó Febles a Prensa Latina."

AT&T Makes its Debut in Cuba with Roaming Wireless Service  10/26/2016 Nearshore Americas: "US telecom giant AT&T has begun offering roaming wireless services for its customers in Cuba after wrapping up an agreement for network interconnection with the island’s state-run telecom firm ETECSA. The carrier says its customers can now talk, text, and use data while visiting the communist island. Some US papers have described the move as AT&T’s second major step on its expansion in Latin America."

“Ones to Watch” for Cuba Tech  10/13/2016 The New Cuba: "If you had been really dialed into the scene before arriving to Cuba, you would have been tipped off to a cool restaurant app called Alamesa, which lists 900 restaurants with addresses, phone numbers and reviews — and it works brilliantly offline. Game-changer. Who is the creator of this app? His name is Ariel Causa Menendez, and this week, the young Cuban was awarded for his invention by the recent 10X10KCuba contest along with 9 of his industry peers in a competition that sought to select the 10 most promising Tech startups in Cuba today."

Primer “Sábado del Software” en Camagüey  9/23/2016 Adelante: "La Junta Directiva Nacional convoca a participar en esta jornada a los afiliados de empresas estatales y no estatales de la provincia anfitriona; así como de Sancti Spíritus, Ciego de Ávila y Las Tunas, a intercambiar conocimientos, proyectos y resultados sobre aplicaciones móviles, soluciones informáticas y otros software de interés educativo."

Habrá Wifi en todo el Malecón habanero  9/21/2016 Cubadebate: "La Empresa de Telecomunicaciones de Cuba (ETECSA) prevé proveer con tecnología Wifi la avenida del Malecón habanero, desde Prado hasta la entrada del túnel de 5ta Avenida, antes de que concluya el 2016. “Ya se identificaron los lugares donde se colocarán los puntos de acceso inalámbrico, así como el equipamiento técnico para el servicio”, aseguró Eudes Monier Núñez, jefe del Departamento de Mercadotecnia y Comunicación de la División Territorial de ETECSA."

Camila en el macrocosmos del micro mecenazgo  9/17/2016 Progreso Semanal: "Desde que comenzó a “crowfundiar” Camila Carballo no se va a dormir sin saber qué contenido agitará al día siguiente en las redes. Una foto vieja o nueva. Un amigo que encuentra en la calle. Una reflexión sobre caer y levantarse. Algo que lee de pasada en un libro o periódico que un fulano sostiene abierto bajo el sol en el camino de su apartamento semiderruido en el Vedado hasta la zona Wi-fi de 23 y L. Cualquier detalle ingenioso o sentimental puede abrirle paso hasta otro mecenas. Y otro mecenas. Y otro."

A Cuban Idea to Comfortably Connect to Internet  9/10/2016 OnCuba: "“Out in the open, exposed to the elements, with insecurity, without privacy…,” Luis Ramírez, the Cuban designer who together with his colleague Michel Aguilar has conceived a “Modular system of urban furniture for the WiFi zone in Cuba,” or Parawifi, as they called it, points out."

Transformaciones urbanas en Cuba por el auge de Internet  9/7/2016 Progreso Semanal: "A un año de la llegada de Internet a Cuba la generación wifi se las ingenia para formar parte de la comunicación global. La red pública sólo dispone de 114 espacios de conexión en toda la isla. Estas zonas suelen estar copadas por los usuarios que, para acceder al servicio, tienen que comprar una tarjeta prepaga, a dos 2 dólares la hora (equivalente a 2 CUC, peso cubano convertible). El furor por la conectividad promueve que lugares como la Plaza de la Revolución, el Balneario Universitario o el Castillito, entre otras, sean las áreas más concurridas de La Habana. Pese a los bajos índices de conectividad (cerca del 1%), la revolución digital se expande y genera nuevas dinámicas urbanas."

Thousands of computers possibly infected after visiting Cuban government website  9/5/2016 Caribbean News Now: "But whoever has infected the website seems to have the ability to turn the infection on and off at will, ironically to the ignorance of the site owner, which happens to be the government of Cuba."

The Role of the Police at Havana’s Wi-Fi Hot Spots  9/5/2016 Havana Times: "It’s not the country that’s crazy, it’s the system,” replied the Internet guy. “I studied at the CUJAE university, and you know what every young person who studies there wants to do after they graduate?” “I can guess, but I’d like my hypothesis to be proven right,” I responded. “Leave the country, because there’s no way of changing it and no way of putting up with it,” he asserted."

Miami to host social media and internet freedom in Cuba conference  8/23/2016 In Cuba Today: "Titled Cuba Internet Freedom and organized by the Office of Cuba Broadcasting (OCB), the Sept. 12-13 event aims to bring together independent journalists from the island with digital innovators and personalities who want to open up the country to the digital world without limitations."

AT&T and ETECSA will connect Cuba and the US for voice, text and data  8/22/2016 OnCuba: "AT&T and ETECSA have concluded negotiations and signed agreements direct connection for the exchange of international voice traffic between the USA and Cuba, as the Cuban company announced today in an institutional statement. The agreements provide for roaming voice, text and data services for AT&T customers traveling to Cuba; as well as providing telephone calls through direct connection between the two countries."

IT Outsourcers, Get Ready for the Castro Dividend  8/17/2016 Nearshore Americas: "Yet, beyond the allure of Cuba’s shabby-chic hotels and the prospect of improving the island’s decrepit roads, there is an even greater prize for investors with vision: Cuba possesses immense STEM talent. Today, physicians, thousands of whom are sent abroad to friendly countries in exchange for foreign aid to Havana, are probably the most prominent part of this group, but this is only one segment. There are tens of thousands of IT professionals on the island."

Derecho e Informática, un puente a medio construir en Cuba  8/12/2016 IPS: "Para la presidenta de la no gubernamental Sociedad Cubana de Derecho e Informática, es vital potenciar un pensamiento en la población cubana que le “permita superar el estado de simple consumidor de tecnología para convertirse en creador de valores”."

Robberies at Havana Area Wi-Fi Hotspots  6/29/2016 Havana Times: "As is the custom, Etecsa only installed the antennas and requested the Electric Company put in some lighting fixtures. The company did not bother to articulate with the local government actions that would allow better comfort for its users and, most importantly their safety."

Hackers Invade Cuba’s Wi-Fi Hotspots  6/21/2016 Havana Times: "A common way to hack these accounts is to create a false Wi-Fi signal which could be called the same or something similar to ETECSA’s own network. “Phishing involves simulating something in order to access sensitive information,” Andy Velazquez (*), a cybernaut, explains. For example: when somebody connects to Nauta, they have to first sign in through their registration page, where they have to enter their username and password. What people see is just a design. That’s to say that, with a little web design know-how, you can create a page that looks just like Nauta’s, and trick the ordinary internet user.” That’s how criminals get their hands on personal details of customers."

ETECSA, la lista negra y los códigos IMEI pirateados  5/27/2016 Cubanet: "Huyendo de la lista negra de ETECSA, muchos cubanos que dudan de la procedencia de sus teléfonos por haber sido comprados a extraños que no brindan garantías se están acercando a las nuevas y pequeñas empresas de reparación de celulares para, de cualquier manera, asegurar sus adquisiciones."

ETECSA detecta en dos días más de 600 celulares con IMEI no válido  5/20/2016 Cubanet: "La norma jurídica aprobada por el MINCOM pone una fecha límite para sustituir los dispositivos que posean errores en el código de identificación internacional de equipo móvil (IMEI). “A los teléfonos que vayan saliendo con ese estado, se les comenzará a llamar uno a uno a partir de la semana próxima, e informaremos a los titulares que tienen hasta el 18 de mayo de 2018 para cambiar su equipo”, dijo a Granma Héctor Marsal Blanco, director de mercadotecnia de la división de servicios móviles de ETECSA."

EE.UU. insta a Cuba a conectarse a Internet mientras dura el interés por la isla  5/11/2016 Ads305: "Tres compañías de telefonía móvil de Estados Unidos han firmado acuerdos con Cuba. Verizon, Sprint y T-Mobile ofrecen a sus clientes la posibilidad de realizar y recibir llamadas en la red de ETECSA con sus propios teléfonos móviles a través del “roaming” o servicio de itinerancia directo, pero hasta el momento ninguna de las compañías estadounidenses puede suministrar estos servicios a los cubanos que viven en la isla."

"Poner Internet en Cuba no es un problema tecnológico, si no una decisión política de sus líderes"  5/11/2016 Cibercuba: "He estado, participado y visto de primera mano las discusiones en la Habana con el Ministro de Telecomunicaciones de Cuba, y con la empresa principal (ETECSA). Conozco del interés que poseen en desarrollar la infraestructura de las telecomunicaciones en toda la isla. Su personal técnico, y las compañías como tal, comprenden perfectamente los beneficios económicos que esto pudiera aportarles, pero, tomar tal decisión no les corresponde a ellos, si no a los líderes políticos del país. Son ellos quienes tienen la última palabra en cuanto al cómo y cuan rápido estos cambios puedan implementarse en el país. Obviamente el gobierno cubano debería aprovechar el momento actual, en que Cuba es tema de interés mundial."

Grand Ambitions: Cuban Coders Looking to Energize a Nascent Startup Scene With First Regular Meetups  5/6/2016 Huff Post: "But an ambitious group of young Cuban programmers wants to change that and is trying to energize the island’s technology entrepreneurs by organizing its first tech meetup. Alex Medina, a 35-year-old coder from Camaguey, and a group of friends have started the Merchise Startup Circle and hope to hold the first meeting later this month in Havana. The ultimate goal, according to Medina, is to garner enough interest for regular, monthly meetings on the island."

#Guantánamo por una web inclusiva  4/12/2016 Eskina Lilith: "Un taller para crear diseños web accesibles a discapacitados sesiona desde ayer en Guantánamo como parte del proyecto Ciudades preparadas y alertas ante el riesgo sísmico en las provincias orientales, con fondos de varias organizaciones no gubernamentales (ONG) en colaboración con el Citma y la Defensa Civil en Cuba. La acción de capacitación es impartida por el ingeniero Ernesto Fernández, de la ONG Handicap Internacional, y se centra en la introducción a diseñadores, desarrolladores web y comunicadores en las herramientas para la creación de sitios digitales que puedan ser visitados por todos."

Encuentro propone diseminar en Cuba computadora de 35 dólares  4/2/2016 IPS: "En el segundo islote más grande del archipiélago cubano, Isla de la Juventud, un grupo de 25 personas integrado por artistas, informáticos, emprendedores y realizadores,acampó durante tres días para compartir experiencias sobre nuevas tecnologías y desarrollo de las ciencias humanísticas. Las oportunidades para Cuba que ofrece la computadora Raspberry Pi, con un costo de solo 35 dólares en el mercado internacional, fueron valoradas por las y los participantes de THATCamp 2016, que en su segunda edición viajó a Nueva Gerona, la capital de ese municipio especial."

Cubans are online and hustling despite restrictions and censorship  3/23/2016 Huck Magazine: "Despite tight controls, the internet has been essential in allowing Zenaida’s small business to thrive. The web has created a platform for her to target international tourists through sites like Airbnb, and with a connection in the house she could beat the competition by responding faster than her competitors. The constant access also meant she could with a Dutch website designer to make herself a site – with the capability of taking bookings and advance payments online, a significant achievement given U.S. restrictions on banking to Cuba complicate these types of transaction."

What Obama’s Historic Visit to Cuba Really Means for U.S. Businesses  3/23/2016 Fortune: "In what would certainly be a big breakthrough for the Cuban people, Obama told ABC News on Sunday that Google “has a deal to start setting up more WIFI and broadband access on the island.” Google ( GOOG -0.67% ) sounded less certain. In a Spanish-language blog post on Monday, the company announced it is bringing Google Cardboard and Chromebooks to a Havana museum, where visitors can connect to a government-owned Internet carrier, and said it is “also exploring additional possibilities to increase and improve access to the Internet, but these are first steps.” "

Google cierra un acuerdo con Cuba  3/22/2016 Havana Times: "La primera iniciativa de Google ya se está poniendo en marcha en el estudio del artista plástico cubano Alex Leyva Machado, conocido como “Kcho”. Kcho se ha unido con el gigante estadounidense de tecnología en un proyecto llamado “Google + Kcho.Mor”, que ofrecerá acceso gratuito a internet a una velocidad 70 veces mayor a lo que actualmente proporciona Etecsa, la compañía estatal de telecomunicaciones de Cuba."

How Cubans Get Online  3/21/2016 PC Mag: "In my eight days on the island, I saw firsthand how ordinary Cubans jailbreak the World Wide Web using a combination of hacked apps, Wi-Fi extenders, and cached websites traded on hard drives. This is how Cuba gets online."

Cuba Prepares Implementation of Open Course Free Software  3/19/2016 Radio Cadena Agramonte: "This platform, developed by French schools, will allow to introduce all national resources produced for the sector for more than 20 years, said to Prensa Latina the director of Information Technology of Mined, Fernando Ortega. Ortega described the technological tool as the best software of interactive whiteboard so far. Teachers will be trained on the use of interactive whiteboards and tablets, to achieve the necessary skills in Information Technology and Communications."

Cuban Activists Say Telecommunications Infrastructure Must Stay In Cuban Hands  3/17/2016 Real News: "Sujatha Fernandes, Professor of Sociology at Queens College, discusses how Cuban advocates for greater internet connectivity are not willing to open the country to U.S. corporations in exchange for internet access ."

Verizon reaches agreement to provide direct calls to Cuba  3/16/2016 OnCuba 

Cuban software developer wins hackathon with app that helps get Internet access  3/15/2016 Fox: "A software developer living in Cuba won the top prize at a contest organized in Miami for creators of "apps" to make the Internet accessible to the majority of Cubans. The developer has been identified only as "Kuma" to protect him from the communist island's authorities. The HeyCuba Hackathon attracted more than 100 contestants over the weekend, according to the organizers. Kuma's app, named Navegar, allows users to get access and navigation ability to any website, just like any other such app on the market."

Cuban innovation ready to explode into tech world  3/14/2016 USA Today: "Trade with Cuba could reach $13 billion a year if restrictions between the two countries are lifted, including the U.S. embargo on Cuba, and greatly expand the island’s outdated tech sector, according to a report led by J. Walter Intelligence, a global research group, which was released at the panel. The group spent nine month interviewing economists, industry leaders and journalists about the evolution of the Cuban economy and the prospect of business dealings with the U.S."

Empieza hoy en Miami la "Hackathon" para conectar a Cuba a internet  3/11/2016 Cibercuba: "Las soluciones tecnológicas que se desarrollen en el evento abordarán en gran medida "las comunicaciones y la información", según Pascual, además de herramientas de lectura de blogs y páginas de internet en correos electrónicos, y aplicaciones de educación a distancia. Entre los registrados figuran incluso participantes residentes en Cuba, quienes estarán conectados a través de chats y buscarán soluciones con sus pares en Miami, lo que convierte a este último en "un puente de conexión", de acuerdo con el organizador, un joven exiliado nacido en La Habana y que reside en EE.UU. hace cinco años."

Bloguero cubano se autocensura por presiones de funcionarios  3/11/2016 Cibercuba: "El pasado 7 de marzo el bloguero Ruslán Olivares Cúcalo publicaba un post en su perfil en Facebook y una última entrada en su blog El Colimador, donde anunciaba del cierre de su bitácora. Presiones de funcionarios “que vigilan la plataforma Cubava” obligaron, a Ruslán, conocido en la blogosfera cubana a tomar la decisión de abandonar la plataforma en la que se había expresado y había compartido “noticias, entrevistas, fotorreportajes, convocatorias de eventos, documentos de archivo y un montón de cosas más” con sus seguidores."

In Cuba, Will the Revolution Be Digitized?  3/10/2016 The Nation: by Sujatha Fernandez - "US media depict the island as stuck in the digital dark ages, but Cuba has lively cultures of connectivity that could evolve into a self-sustaining, open, and accessible digital commons."

Especialista en Informática  3/9/2016 Cubarte: "por Víctor Ángel Fernández, Graduado de Licenciatura en Información Científico-Técnica en 1978 en la Universidad de La Habana. Especialista en computación con experiencia en programación de aplicacionesde uso general y para Internet. Profesor adjunto en la Universidad de La Habana y en el Instituto Internacional de Periodismo "José Martí"."

Los cubanos adoptan la era digital  3/7/2016 Progreso Semanal: "Algunas de las fotos de Palmera pudieron haber sido tomadas en casi cualquier ciudad moderna. En una, dos adolescentes están inclinados sobre dispositivos en la oscuridad, mientras la luz de la pantalla se refleja en sus rostros. En otra, una mujer se queda mirando su teléfono, los cables de los auriculares colgando. Adolescentes en ropa de colores pasan el tiempo en una plaza de la ciudad, conversando y escribiendo."

La Unión de Informáticos de Cuba quedó constituida  3/7/2016 Cubadebate: "En horas de la tarde de este lunes, el Primer Vicepresidente Miguel Díaz-Canel dejó constituida la Unión de Informáticos de Cuba (UIC), bajo la dirección de la Doctora en Ciencias Ailyn Febles Estrada. Tras el proceso de votación efectuado en el Palacio de las Convenciones de la capital cubana, la junta directiva de la Unión de Informáticos presentó también a la vicepresidenta primera, Máster María Esther Alfonso Suárez, además de otros tres vicepresidentes y cuatro vocales."

Cinco aplicaciones para facilitarle la vida a los wifinautas cubanos  3/7/2016 Cubadebate: "…para los usuarios de Nauta en Cuba todo se reduce a optimizar el tiempo. Leer correos, salvar lecturas, descargar videos, hablar con un familiar, revisar los muros de los amigos y actualizar Facebook, buscar información para el estudio o el trabajo… en el menor tiempo posible. Primero por esos precios casi prohibitivos de 2.00 CUC la hora, y segundo -y no menos importante- por la incomodidad que implica estar de pie/al sol en cualquiera de las confortables zonas wifi con las que contamos hoy."

Sesionará asamblea constitutiva de la Unión de Informáticos de Cuba  3/4/2016 Cubadebate: "“La UIC hará muchos aportes al proceso de informatización, porque el primer recurso importante para desarrollar este sector es el humano, es el conocimiento y la preparación. Es necesario tener identificado a los trabajadores del sector, saber dónde están, qué están haciendo, qué conocen. Esto tributará a hacer un uso más eficiente de los recursos humanos en el proceso de informatización”, explicó en conferencia de prensa efectuada en el Ministerio de las Comunicaciones, Ailyn Febles Estrada, vicerrectora de la Universidad de las Ciencias Informáticas y presidenta del Comité Organizador de la UIC."

Cuban film depicts Internet crisis  2/25/2016 New Britain Herald: "A resident of Havana, Cuba, La Red creates award-winning documentary films in a country where access to the Internet and most other forms of technology are severely limited. La Red, 36, explores the issue of access in her most recent film, “Off_Line,” screened Thursday night at Central Connecticut State University in partnership with the Latin American, Latino and Caribbean Center."

Internet en Cuba: ¿qué pasará con los softwares piratas?  2/24/2016 Cubanet: "Según la Oficina Nacional de Estadística e Información (ONEI), la mayoría de las computadoras en Cuba emplean Microsoft Windows y la mayoría de los usuarios utiliza Word, PowerPoint, Photoshop y otros programas, sin autorización de sus propietarios."

Cuba: un `régimen que prohíbe Internet´ llevándolo ahora… ¿a los hogares  2/22/2016 Kaos en la red: "Hace unos días, la telefónica estatal cubana ETECSA anunciaba que, en 2016, el país contará con 80 nuevas áreas WiFi en parques públicos, 30 de ellas en La Habana. También que serán abiertas 100 nuevas salas de navegación bajo techo. Actualmente son 700 los espacios públicos con acceso a Internet. También anunciaba que, en un plazo no muy lejano, la compañía instalará el servicio de WiFi en las cafeterías, bares y restaurantes –estatales o privados- que lo soliciten."

How Obama Could Bring Internet to Cuba  2/18/2016 Inverse: "After meeting twice with Cuban officials in Havana, Daniel Sepúlveda, the U.S. point man working to get telecom into the country, told The Miami Herald that “at this point, the biggest thing that is missing is trust.”"

La clave del internet en Cuba está en un papelito  2/12/2016 Marti Noticias: "La única aplicación que permite hacer videollamadas desde Cuba es Imo. Por alguna razón el Gobierno de Raúl Castro no la restringe, como lo hace con el resto de aplicaciones que ofrecen este tipo de servicios."

New era as Miami human rights group, Cuba joust over Internet logo  2/11/2016 Miami Herald: "In some of ETECSA’s recent infographics to publicize its own effort to expand Internet access in Cuba, it uses a stylized Wi-Fi symbol that incorporates the colors of the Cuban flag. FHRC said it is the very same logo it created in 2013 and trademarked on May 20, 2014, to use in its Connect Cuba (Conecta Cuba) campaign."

Cuba's Internet isolation beginning to lift  2/10/2016 CNN: "The pilot projects will allow residents in Habana Vieja to order broadband through fiber-optic connections operated by Chinese telecommunications provider, Huawei. To be clear, we are far from walking the winding streets of Havana glued to our smartphones. But we are witnessing a beginning to the end of Cuba's status as a country with one of the lowest Internet penetration rates in the hemisphere -- and world."

Cuba y el fantasma de la Internet  2/8/2016 Marti Noticias: "Seguramente nada mencionó la parte cubana en esa reunión acerca de las ¾ partes de la potencialidad del cable submarino venezolano dejadas sin explotar deliberadamente durante casi una década, y disimuló o evadió cuanto pudo cualquier alusión a las propuestas concretas hechas en más de una ocasión por empresas norteamericanas para hacer inversiones concretas en la isla, que a corto plazo harían asequible el servicio de Internet para el cubano de a pie y mejorarían ostensiblemente el servicio de telefonía en la isla." [Puede ser que hablan del periodo de 2011, cuando pusieron el cable, hasta 2015 cuando por fin cambiaron el trafico por satelite y lo pusieron en el cable.]

Cuba tendrá más salas públicas de Internet y zonas de WiFi  2/8/2016 Minuto Uno: "Cuba ampliará su servicio de Internet en la Isla este año. Así lo confirmó la empresa estatal de Telecomunicaciones de Cuba (Etecsa), que indicó que se abrirán 100 nuevas salas de Internet, la instalación de 17.000 teléfonos fijos y la creará 80 espacios públicos de wifi gratuito."

Personal docente y de la Salud con Internet en los hogares  2/8/2016 Granma: "A casi 5 000 ascienden los usuarios de los sectores de la Salud y Educación con acceso a Internet desde sus hogares, mediante la Plataforma de Acceso Público (PAP) de la Empresa de Tele­co­mu­nicaciones de Cuba S.A. (Etecsa), como parte de las nuevas estrategias del proceso de informatización de la sociedad cubana."

“Cuban Twitter” Might Hold Key to Cuba’s Reluctance in Telecom Talks  2/5/2016 Cuba Journal: "In an interview with NPR’s Morning Edition, Julia Sweig, a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, highlighted the fact that the discovery of ZunZuneo had the potential to backfire, but that the economic need for digital expansion in Cuba would not cause the Cuban government to take drastic action to cut off the island’s connectivity."

Versalles será un barrio tecnológico, según proyecto de Santiago de Cuba  2/4/2016 Cubadebate: "La Unión de Informáticos de Cuba (UIC) en la provincia de Santiago de Cuba lidera la creación de un “barrio tecnológico” en el reparto Versalles. El objetivo es elevar la calidad de vida de la población y de los servicios mediante el uso de la tecnología. Román Román, presidente de la UIC en el territorio, declaró que el proyecto pretende crear una wi-fi con vistas al acceso a las redes sociales, aplicaciones para móviles, informaciones de periódicos, centros de producción y servicios, cuentapropistas o trámites de los 41 objetivos económicos presentes en ese reparto."

Weekly Chart: Cuba's Internet Black Hole  2/4/2016 AS COA: "As of January 2016, Cuba has lofty plans to connect 50 percent of homes with broadband Internet by 2020. Across the Americas, household Internet access stands at 60 percent. But in 2014, just 3.4 percent of Cubans had Internet at home. Overall, Internet users amount to 25.7 percent of the Cuban population. That includes Cubans surfing on the national intranet that is restricted to local websites, and which costs $0.60 an hour to use in public Wi-Fi spots, as opposed to $2 per hour for the World Wide Web. Either way, the cost is significant in a country where the average monthly wage is $20."

Cuba’s Tech and Startup Scenes – on the Verge of Connection  2/3/2016 Cuba Journal: "A little known facet of Cuban society is that they are believed to be the best-educated in Latin America, with the island nation graduating more than 4,000 IT engineers annually. Education, aspiration, a changing political and economic landscape."

Silicon Island Rebooted: Cuba’s Information & Communications Technology Revolution  2/1/2016 Harvard International Review: "In 2002, the University of Information Sciences (Universidad de las Ciencias Informáticas, or UCI) was founded—ironically, on the site of a Cold War Soviet signals intelligence base—to educate the vanguard of the Cuban ICT revolution. Since then, other Cuban universities have added technology sciences to their curricula, now graduating an average of 5,500 ICT engineers each year, a third of whom have earned masters or doctoral degrees. UCI alone has produced some 18,000 computer science graduates and created 15 software production centers working on a full cycle of research, development, and innovation. These centers deal with an array of issues such as free software, e-government, databases, images and digital signals, medical data, industrial computing, and citizen identification, among other applications."

Cuba announces broadband home internet project  2/1/2016 BBC: "The government has also said it will allow cafes, bars and restaurants to order broadband service. Currently, broadband home connection is legal only for diplomats and employees of foreign companies, a report said."

ETECSA anuncia pruebas piloto para llevar internet a los hogares  1/31/2016 Cubadebate: "La capital contará con 30 nuevas zonas WiFi en el 2016, dos más por municipio, lo cual facilitará el acceso al servicio, comentó Odalys Rodríguez del Toro, directora de la División de La Habana de la Empresa de Telecomunicaciones de Cuba (ETECSA). El objetivo para este año es tener tres parques con internet por municipio y llegar a otras zonas con gran afluencia de público. Además, la empresa comenzará a realizar una prueba piloto en aras de comenzar a llevar internet a los hogares."

ETECSA anuncia pruebas piloto para llevar internet a los hogares  1/31/2016 Cubadebate: "La capital contará con 30 nuevas zonas WiFi en el 2016, dos más por municipio, lo cual facilitará el acceso al servicio, comentó Odalys Rodríguez del Toro, directora de la División de La Habana de la Empresa de Telecomunicaciones de Cuba (ETECSA). El objetivo para este año es tener tres parques con internet por municipio y llegar a otras zonas con gran afluencia de público. Además, la empresa comenzará a realizar una prueba piloto en aras de comenzar a llevar internet a los hogares."

FCC Removes Restrictions on U.S. Telecom Services in Cuba  1/18/2016 Latinone: the true source of "Cuban government internet restrictions": "Before Friday, service providers were required to get separate approval from the FCC before conducting services in Cuba. The Caribbean island's population of approximately 11 million has just one modern, fixed Internet connection to the rest of the globe, the Wall Street Journal wrote. This means that Cuba is ready for new infrastructure investment."

Revolución digitale: un cavo da Miami a L’Havana per collegare Cuba al Web  1/16/2016 Corriere della sera: "La rivoluzione digitale non ha ancora attecchito nella patria della Revolución. A Cuba la velocità di connessione a internet è estremamente lenta (circa 1,1 Mbps) e solo il 5 per cento della popolazione può navigare senza limitazioni. A poter accedere alla Rete (con le limitazioni) è un quarto della popolazione, uno dei tassi più bassi del mondo. Esiste solo un cavo sottomarino in fibra ottica che la collega al Venezuela, oltretutto vecchiotto e con una capacità parecchio limitata. Ciò nonostante, dopo la ripresa delle relazioni diplomatiche dell’estate scorsa tra il Paese dei fratelli Castro e l’America di Obama, si aprono nuove opportunità: per spianare definitivamente la via del disgelo, il governo dell’Avana e quello di Washington stanno discutendo la posa di un cavo in fibra ottica che possa collegare l’isola comunista agli Usa, e al villaggio globale. "

Cuba to launch broadband home internet  1/2/2016 Belfast Telegraph, UK 

Ministro Comunicacion ratifica acceso a Internet  12/28/2015 TV Santiago 

Nuevo espacio público para el acceso al servicio de conexión wifi  12/22/2015 TV Santiago: "La velocidad de conexión en los espacios públicos es de un megabyte por usuario y pueden permanecer conectados entre cincuenta y cien clientes, simultáneamente, según las capacidades de las áreas."

Startup Weekend Havana, oportunidad para el emprendimiento en Cuba  11/10/2015 On Cuba: "Al primer Startup Weekend Havana llegaron jóvenes emprendedores de La Habana, algunos desarrolladores, especialistas en marketing, programadores, diseñadores, todos con la idea de aportar y vivir un momento único y naciente en Cuba. Desde el viernes en la tarde el Hotel Panorama fue espacio de consultas, de intercambio y sala de trabajo de los ocho equipos seleccionados para presentar un proyecto final de startups."

Startup Weekend Havana, opportunity for entrepreneurship in Cuba  11/9/2015 On Cuba: "At the first Startup Weekend Havana came young entrepreneurs from Havana, some developers, marketing specialists, programmers, designers, all with the idea of ??contributing and living a unique and nascent moment in Cuba. From Friday afternoon the Panorama Hotel was a space of consultation, exchange and work room of the eight teams selected to present a final project of startups."

Inside the Dream Defenders’ Social Media Backout  9/30/2015 Waging Nonviolence: "Last week, the Florida-based Dream Defenders announced a six week “social media sabbatical” from their personal and organizational Facebook, Twitter and Instagram accounts, promising to digitally resurface in November “with a fresh voice; one that emanates from the grassroots and is a complement to movement work, not just characters.” Founded in the wake of Trayvon Martin’s murder in 2012, the Dream Defenders’ first major action was a three-day, 40-mile march from Daytona to Sanford, where they held a sit-in at the town’s police headquarters to demand the long-awaited arrest of Martin’s killer, George Zimmerman."

Cuban infrastructure investment -- China won the first round  9/28/2015 The Internet in Cuba: "China played a major role in the financing and construction of the ALBA-1 undersea cable, which connects Cuba to Venezuela and Jamaica. It was reported that China lent Venezuela $70 million to finance the cable, which was installed by a joint venture made up of Alcatel-Lucent Shanghai Bell and Telecomunicaciones Gran Caribe (TGC) -- TGC is a joint venture between Telecom Venezuela (60%) and Cuban Transbit SA (40%), both state-owned companies. "

Prospects for the Cuban Internet After the Normalization of U.S.-Cuba Relations  9/10/2015 Council on Foreign Relations: "Disagreements about whether U.S. engagement with Cuba will foster Internet freedom mirror the larger debate pitting those who want to keep Cuba under political and economic pressure and those who believe this strategy has failed."

Browsing the Web from Cuba's Public Hotspots  9/7/2015 Global Voices: "And the lack of full Internet access is only part of the problem. Prices are high. The locations of hotspots give people little choice but to sit on steps, curbs, and sidewalks while using the Web, making an unfavorable atmosphere for browsing. And there is no coherent strategy for teaching everyone how to use the Internet, beyond what is offered for university students and those working in key sectors of scientific development in the country. These factors have left most Cuban Internet users logging on for little more than utilitarian purposes."

In a nation with nearly no Internet access, a little bit gets a lot of hype.  9/4/2015 The Internet in Cuba: "In mid June, Cuba announced a plan to provide public access at 35 WiFi hotspots. As we noted, 35 WiFi hotspots is a drop in the bucket for a nation with over 11 million people, yet they have received a lot of press coverage."

The Many Unsolved Problems of Cuba’s Wi-Fi Hot Zones  9/2/2015 Havana Times: "Around the time Wi-Fi services became available in Cuba, a friend brought several newspapers from Ecuador. One of them had a piece on the free Wi-Fi services offered in school buses. Other friends who live in Venezuela tell me there are places (such as Bolivar Square, Diego Ibarra Square and the Sabana Grande Boulevard) where people can access such services without paying a cent. In nearly all countries, there are places with free Wi-Fi: parks, cafes, bus terminals, hospitals, airports, hotels, libraries, universities and others. We, however, have to pay for it. Ok, we’ll pay for it, but, to set the rates, they should at least bear people’s salaries in mind. Let’s overlook the fact we’re all paid in Cuban pesos and the service is charged in hard currency (Cuban Convertible Pesos, CUC). If the average worker earns 18 CUC a month at the current exchange rate, it is more than a huge sacrifice to destine over 10 % of his/her salary to connect to the Internet for merely one hour."

Connectify Gives Away PRO Features in Cuba as Public Wi-Fi Rolls Out  8/25/2015 Connectify: "Just a few days ago, the Boston Globe and Washington Post reported that Connectify Hotspot was being used by savvy Cubans to help share Wi-Fi with their fellow countrymen, as the government begins to roll out public hotspots around the country. We couldn’t have been more excited to hear about our little software router doing its part to help a country get online for the first time. So, starting today, we’ve decided to unlock Unlimited Hotspot Uptime (PRO feature), free for every resident of Cuba for the next 3 months!"

Cuba is using WiFi for short run portable connectivity  8/11/2015 The Internet in Cuba: "The fact that sales of VoIP and IMS equipment to "cell phone" operators are growing rapidly foreshadows the increased substitution of "data" for "voice" suggests that Cuba may forget about circuit-switched calling going forward."

La vulnerabilidad de los dispositivos móviles ante los 'hackers'  8/8/2015 Granma 

Wi-Fi technology with big acceptance in Camagüey  7/30/2015 Adelante: "The opening of two points for Internet navigation by means of Wi-Fi in this city, and the reduction of the quota per hour of 4.50 cuc to 2.00 cuc, has had big success among the Camagüeyans."

Open Technology Exchange in Havana, Cuba – Spring, 2016  7/23/2015 Landau Travel: "Landau Travel, in collaboration with the Cuban Ministry of Higher Education, is hosting this first annual Open Technology for Life (OT4Life) summit to cultivate long-term relationships between innovators in the United States and leading Cuban experts. Over the course of one week, “Makers” from both nations will exchange ideas, identify challenges and opportunities, and forge connections for the future. Cuba is a world leader in healthcare, education, and sustainability, despite the lack of global connectivity and access to modern technology. As foreign, tech-centric industries engage with Cuban society for the first time, OT4Life provides a platform to learn from Cuba’s successes and collaboratively explore the thoughtful, people-centered implementation of technology."

No Internet? No Problem. Inside Cuba's Tech Revolution  7/1/2015 Forbes: "Robin Pedraja, a lanky 28-year-old former design student from Havana, walked into the Cuban government's office of periodicals and publications early last year seeking approval for a dream: starting an online magazine about Cuba's urban youth culture. Hundreds of thousands of Cubans in recent years have been able to obtain licenses for small businesses, albeit only in a limited set of service categories such as restaurants, hair salons and translation. Media remains under strict government control. An online magazine? Pedraja was laughed off even before he could finish his pitch. He decided to publish anyway, without identifying the magazine's creators. The first issue of Vistar came out last March."

In wake of Charleston shooting, activists pledge #WeWillShootBack  6/19/2015 Daily Dot 

Cuba’s Web Entrepreneurs Search for U.S. Clients, and Reliable Wi-Fi  6/10/2015 NYT: "And ever since the United States in February authorized Americans to import goods and services from Cuban entrepreneurs for the first time in half a century, they have their eyes on America as well."

Cuba Likely Focus of US Firm’s 7-Figure Anti-Censorship Contract  6/7/2015 Havana Times: "BBG’s contract records available online do not mention Cuba or disclose what countries the agency is targeting. However, Cuba has been a focus of the agency’s Internet Anti-Censorship Division, or IAC. A 2013 BBG fact sheet on Internet censorship says the agency has provided Ultrareach’s “anti-censorship, pro-privacy software to users worldwide who are subject to foreign government sponsored Internet censorship.”"

Why Do These Two Senators Want To Help The Cuban Government Restrict Telecom Access?  5/20/2015 #CubaNow: "Bob Menendez similarly defended ZunZuneo for helping a Cuban people “severely limited in their ability to communicate among themselves, much less with the outside world.” But fast-forward to Wednesday and surprisingly enough those same two senators find breaking the “information blockade” to be a naïve endeavor at best and a concession to the Castros at worst. At a Senate Foreign Relations Committee hearing on the new U.S. policy, Menendez and Rubio decided to forego ideas on how to expand Cubans’ access to information in favor of the same canned attacks they’ve been making for months."

Overview - Setting up a Raspberry Pi as a WiFi access point  5/4/2015 Ada Fruit: used in Cuba - "Would you like to use your Pi as a WiFi router? Or maybe have it as a special filtering access point? Setting up a Pi as an access point (AP) is a bit more advanced than using it as a client, but its still only a half hour of typing to configure. If you want to, this tutorial will make it so the Pi broadcasts a WiFi service and then routes internet traffic to an Ethernet cable. Since its all Linux you can go in and update or configure it however you like."

Infocentro revisó planificación estratégica para segundo cuatrimestre del 2015  5/4/2015 Infocentro: "Por su parte, el presidente de Infocentro, David Parra, en su primer día de intervención, destacó que la manera de hacer gestión se basa en el cumplimiento de las metas y que éstas tienen que ver con el 100% de los municipios cubiertos, las 100 transferencias que se suman en el 2015, 100 inauguraciones de Infocentros y la creación de 1000 Brigadas Comunicacionales Hugo Chávez."

What Does Airbnb's Cuba Launch Mean for US Citizens and Cuban Homeowners?  4/8/2015 Global Voices: "Nonetheless, unlike streaming video provider Netflix, which requires a real-time connection to use the service, homeowners would be able to use alternatives such as hiring a third party to review reservations and keep rent calendars up to date."

Afrolatin@crowd: Un taller para ennegrecer la Wikipedia  4/1/2015 Negra Cubana: "The Caribbean Cultural Center African Diaspora Institute, Proyecto Afrolatin@, Garífuna Nation y AfroCROWD presentan el taller AFROLATIN@CROWD que tendrá lugar el próximo 12 de abril de 2015. Afro Cultura Libre Crowdsourcing Wikimedia (AfroCROWD) es una nueva iniciativa que busca aumentar el número de personas de ascendencia africana que participan activamente en Wikimedia y en los movimientos de información, cultura y software de acceso abierto."

Cuba’s Tech Start-up Sector: ‘People Are Hungry to Work’  2/24/2015 Wharton: "Even in university, when he finally had access to the Internet, Pimienta, now 27, was limited to 20 megabytes per month of data — a small fraction of what fits on a thumb drive today. Yet, in 2013 when PayPal hosted its first-ever global hackathon competition in San Jose, Calif., with a $100,000 purse, Pimienta and two partners placed third for developing a peer-to-peer lending app called LoanPal."

Discuten en Cuba política de Internet  2/17/2015 Observatorio Critico: "Distintos medios de prensa informan de la próxima celebración en Cuba del el 1er Taller Nacional de Informatización y Ciberseguridad donde, especialistas del sector participarán en la definición colectiva de la política que adoptará el país al respecto."

Coco Fusco, “The Revolution Recodified: Social Media and Independent Culture in Cuba Today”  2/8/2015 Vimeo: "Coco Fusco discusses how independent journalists, activists, artists and musicians are using social media in Cuba to create an autonomous public sphere. Fusco is an interdisciplinary artist and writer and a MLK Visiting Scholar at MIT. She is a recipient of a 2013 Guggenheim Fellowship, a 2013 Absolut Art Writing Award, a 2013 Fulbright Fellowship, a 2012 US Artists Fellowship and a 2003 Herb Alpert Award in the Arts. Fusco's performances and videos have been presented in numerous international biennials and festivals, as well as the Tate Liverpool, The Museum of Modern Art, The Walker Art Center and the Museum of Contemporary Art in Barcelona."

Educación cubana, en línea y más allá  1/28/2015 Juventud Rebelde: "Dentro del proceso de informatización de la sociedad cubana, CubaEduca es un portal de trascendencia. «En Cuba existen dos millones de estudiantes y 250 000 docentes. Este portal está dirigido, entonces, a cerca de un cuarto de la población cubana», abundó Ortega. Desde su concepción, CubaEduca está basada en la filosofía de web 2.0 o web social. «No se trata solo de presentar contenidos, sino de recibir retroalimentación para los profesores que trabajan en el portal. Esta es una de las riquezas que tiene CubaEduca, cuyo personal es de mucha experiencia. Cada vez que se publica una clase o un ejercicio en el portal, está fundamentado por la práctica docente de más de 20 años de experiencia de nuestro personal», remarcó."

Cuba has an illegal 'Internet' that connects thousands of computers  1/27/2015 Techspot: "In its absence, however, young Cubans have come up with their own solution. Since 2001, these rebels have created a homegrown version of the Internet called SNet, short for streetnet. cuba illegal underground internet thriving internet network wifi illegal snet streetnet Located in Havana, SNet consists of roughly 9,000 computers connected over a piecemeal network of hidden Wi-Fi antennas and Ethernet cables, some of which are strung over rooftops and city streets."

No Internet in Cuba? For some, offline link to world arrives weekly  1/9/2015 McClatchy: "The vast majority of Cubans have no access to the Internet or cable television, but that doesn’t mean they’re out of touch with the wider world. Many stay connected through an offline system that operates in the legal shadows. It’s called the “weekly packet,” and it’s an alternative to broadband Internet that provides tens of thousands of Cubans, and perhaps many more, with foreign movies, TV shows, digital copies of magazines, websites and even local advertising. Cubans obtain the packet by toting empty portable computer hard drives to clandestine distributors who load them with an array of the latest movies, television episodes and music videos. Then the hard drives are taken home, where they’re viewed on computers over the next week."

¿El año de la informatización?  12/29/2014 Progreso Semanal: "Pero desde este presente pedregoso se hace imperativo mirar hacia el futuro: la alta escolarización y capacidad intelectual acumulada por los cubanos se puede ver afectada de un modo drástico si no se impone una voluntad económica y política de superar las actuales condiciones con que debemos lidiar. Del mismo modo, la transformación y modernización económica del país no puede hacerse sin los recursos de la informática, o con un deficiente y limitado uso de ellos."

A New Thesis about Cuba’s Weekly Package (Part II)  12/29/2014 Havana Times: "The Cuban State has more than enough qualified personnel, trained at the country’s well-stocked technical and military academies and the University of Information Sciences (UCI), to develop a project as wide-encompassing and complex as the “weekly package.”"

The year of computerisation?  12/29/2014 Progreso Weekly: "But from this present full of obstacles it is imperative to look toward the future: the high education and intellectual capacity accumulated by the Cubans can be affected drastically if an economic and political will is not imposed to overcome the current conditions we have to deal with. In the same way, the country’s transformation and modernisation cannot be carried out without the resources of computer science, or using them in a deficient and limited way."

Denuncian en Cuba el envío de mensajes subversivos a celulares  12/28/2014 Progreso Semanal: "Desde el pasado 21 de diciembre se han detectado mensajesque llaman a la población a concentrarse en plazas del país y “apoyar una provocación” convocada para este 30 de diciembre, aseguran altos cargos de la empresa, según el blog ‘Cambios en Cuba’. ETECSA sospecha que los mensajes provienen de una plataforma ubicada fuera de la isla que funciona de manera similar a proyectos financiados por la agencia norteamericana USAID, como ZunZuneo y Martí Noticias."

Do Cubans Really Want US Style Internet Freedom?  12/21/2014 Sujatha Fernandez: "For all the talk about bringing Internet freedoms to Cuba, could it be that Cubans have themselves created an alternative to the corporate-driven World Wide Web by coming up with their own alternative networks for consuming and sharing information? In contrast torecent depictions of Cuba as a technological backwater, frozen in time, deprivation has yet again spurred Cubans to new creative heights. When considering the enormous opportunities that will be created by Obama’s announcement of historic policies, it will be important to keep in mind what Cubans want and need—and not what we think they do."

Cuba Opening Shines Light on Obsolete Telecom Links  12/17/2014 WSJ: Yet it is the Cuban Government that the exiles and the US media blame for denying access to the Internet: "The island nation has just one modern, fixed Internet connection to the outside world, with spotty access to satellite links providing the rest. Cuba has access to about 1% of the Internet bandwidth available in the nearby Dominican Republic, according to researcher TeleGeography."

My Take on Cuba’s “Weekly Package” (Part I)  12/16/2014 Havana Times:  I buy Cuba’s weekly TV series, music and software package on a regular basis. In my opinion, some of its contents are valuable in more than one sense. That said, there are a series of factors behind this phenomenon that have truly piqued my curiosity."

The digitalization of society, a priority for Cuba  12/15/2014 Granma: "Efforts to advance Cuba’s connectivity have been directed toward the development of telecommunications infrastructure capacity, with the purpose of strengthening social connectivity, and developing automated operations in strategic sectors. The trial balloon has been the opening of 154 Public Navigation Centers, distributed throughout the nation."

Darknet Sweep Casts Doubt on Tor  11/7/2014 Dissident Voice: "In this instance Tor hidden services failed to live up to their namesake. Was the sudden collapse of several hundred Tor “.onion” domains the result of traditional police tradecraft -developing informants, patiently waiting for opportunities, doggedly following leads- or were security services quietly wielding advanced technical methods?"

Colombia lidera nómina de delitos informáticos en América Latina  10/21/2014 Radio Cadena Agramonte 

Coco Fusco’s introduction to the Cuban blogosphere  10/6/2014 My Heart's in Accra: "Multimedia artist, writer, activist and teacher Coco Fusco is a visiting associate professor at MIT’s Comparative Media Studies this year, and she introduced herself to the Center for Civic Media community with a stunning talk this past Thursday, unpacking the history and the possible futures of the Cuban blogosphere. Fusco is a frequent traveler to Cuba and has interviewed many of the key figures in the space and offered an overview that’s complex, subtle and by far the most informative picture of the space I’ve heard thus far."

Chinese Military-Linked Telecom Firm Shipped U.S. Equipment to Cuba  9/19/2014 Free Beacon: "A Chinese telecommunications company linked to the People’s Liberation Army provided U.S.-origin equipment to Cuba in apparent violation of U.S. economic sanctions on the communist-ruled island. U.S. officials familiar with intelligence reports said the equipment included U.S.-made modems, routers, and switches for telecommunications networks."

Israeli soldiers from elite wire-tapping unit refuse to use 'extortion', 'blackmail' on Palestinians  9/13/2014 ABC 

"A Man Of Many Perversions" – Federal Cybersecurity Head Convicted Of Child Porn Charges  8/28/2014 Zero Hedge: "The primary problem with centralized power is that sociopaths (for obvious reasons) gravitate toward, and greatly covet, positions of power. Once entrenched in such positions, they are able to act upon their perversions with general immunity, and if they are caught, are often left in positions of power by others who at that point “own them” via blackmail. This of course is nothing new, it is how the game of power, politics and economics has been played since the beginning of time. It is also why decentralization of power is the natural evolution we as a species must embrace in order to build a better world."

Cornering the Zero-Day Market - The Schizophrenia of the Deep State  8/8/2014 Dissident Voice: "During his presentation Greer proposed, among other things, that the U.S. government bolster internet security by dominating the market for zero-day vulnerabilities. Zero-days are basically flaws, unpatched bugs, in software and hardware which attackers can leverage to compromise a computer and covertly gain access. Think of a zero-day vulnerability like an unlocked door recessed back in an obscured alleyway of an otherwise secure home. Greer’s recommendation goes like this: using its buying power the United State government could act like a hi-tech billionaire who’s snatching up real estate in Silicon Valley and wade out into the digital black market to outbid all of the other buyers. By driving up prices American security services would corner the market on zero-day vulnerabilities."

“From Cyberspace to Public Space? The Emergent Blogosphere and Cuban Civil Society”  7/1/2014 CUNY: "Today, with the development of information technologies, . . . social networks, . . . computers and the Internet, to prohibit something is nearly an impossible chimera. It makes no sense. —Miguel Díaz-Canel, first vice president of Cuba, closing speech of the National Preparatory Seminar, May 6, 2013"

Increasing Connection Between the Online and the Offline in Cuba  5/15/2014 Global Voices: by Sandra Alvarez - "In this article, we mention various emblematic events that emerged through “digital technology” that have made a commendable and intrepid connection between virtuality and reality. These activities took place in public space, they generated spontaneously, and were organized by bloggers, facebookers, twitters, and activists who make use of information and communication technologies."

Roots of Hope Members Helped USAID's 'Cuban Twitter' Project - Report  4/23/2014 Latin Post: "The U.S. Agency for International Development's controversial "Cuban Twitter" initiative tried to shift its social media program into the hands of Roots of Hope, a nonprofit organization for young Cuban-Americans, according to a new report from The Associated Press. While Roots of Hope rejected the shift, some board members from the organization have been found connected to USAID's project."

Cuban-American youth nonprofit secretly helped with U.S.-built ‘Cuban Twitter’  4/22/2014 AP: "Leaders of Roots of Hope, a Cuban-American nonprofit, worked as consultants for the U.S.'s 'Cuban Twitter,' a network aimed at undermining the Cuban government. The disclosure could have wide repercussions for one of the most visible Cuban-American organizations."

#USAID financió a Roots of Hope para apoyo estratégico al #ZunZuneo  4/22/2014 Descubriendo Verdades: "Los líderes de la mayor organización sin fines de lucro de jóvenes cubanoestadunidenses dieron un silencioso apoyo estratégico al llamado Twitter cubano, un programa secreto del gobierno federal, estableciendo contactos entre contratistas y potenciales inversores e incluso fungiendo como consultores pagados, según comprobó The Associated Press."

New leaks: Cuban-US organization leaders helped 'Cuban Twitter'  4/22/2014 Russia Today: "Leaders of the largest nonprofit for young Cuban-Americans, which explicitly refused to accept US government funds, in fact supported Washington’s secret program aimed at toppling Cuba’s government, a leaked report reveals."

Why USAID’s Cuban Twitter Program was Secret  4/14/2014 NACLA: "NACLA has been covering the overt and covert programs of USAID since March 1968. NACLA stories were instrumental in bringing down another secretive branch of USAID, the Office of Public Safety (OPS). OPS—like the modern-day OTI—was a secretive operation. It trained right-wing police and paramilitaries and involved itself with death squads, torture, and other unethical activities throughout the world. In 1974, after some eight years of NACLA’s exposing OPS, Congress was able to close it down. The momentum for ridding ourselves of OTI does not yet exist in Congress, but if we can keep it on the agenda long enough, this blight on our collective reputation worldwide can be expunged."

The Internet in Cuba: 5 Things You Need to Know  4/4/2014 Mashable: "With such limited access, Cubans have employed more creative methods of surfing. One of the most popular is for people to download online articles onto thumb drives, then pass them around to friends and family. This is sometimes called the "sneakernet," though Sanchez calls it the "Internet without Internet" — a callback to the 1990s, when Cubans used to cook the "meat picadillo without meat" because of food shortages."

Hackathon for Cuba proposes solutions for island’s communications restrictions  2/4/2014 Knight Foundation: "Roots of Hope, a Miami-based nonprofit that empowers “youth to become authors of their own future,” created Hackathon for Cuba to explore ways technology can help people glean information outside the island… The inspiration for the hackathon came from Yoanni Sanchez, Cuba’s leading blogger."

Activistas celebran evento para 'desmitificar' las nuevas tecnologías de la información  1/30/2014 Diario de Cuba: "Organizado por las organizaciones EmpoderaCuba y Comité Ciudadanos por la Integración Racial, el evento buscaba además "imaginar soluciones que vengan de la sociedad civil y trabajar en tareas de empoderamiento de ciudadano a ciudadano", para la "alfabetización digital" de un "público ávido de libertad y conocimientos sobre las nuevas tecnologías de la información y la comunicación"."

Gov’t That Surveilled MLK in Bid to Destroy Him Wants Us to Trust Them  1/22/2014 Common Dreams: "The reaction of the head of the FBI and the attorney general of the US to King’s dream that little boys and girls of different races would play games with each other was to record his every word and action and those of his friends. If that speech can get you that kind of scrutiny in the USA, then why should we ever trust any high government official with our personal information?"

Cuba’s Internet Revolution Faces Economic and Political Realities  1/21/2014 MIT Technology Review: "“Castro has not committed to anything other than the prisoner swap and allowing a U.S. embassy on the island,” says Coco Fusco, a visiting associate professor in the Comparative Media Studies/Writing program at MIT, who visits Cuba frequently and has done research on Cuba’s blogosphere. “No concrete promises have been made. We have to wait and see what the Cuban government actually decides to allow.”"

The Latest Step in the Evolution of America’s Police State  10/9/2013 CounterPunch: "He has lent his name to published documents denouncing the National Security Agency (NSA), and was one of several prominent German authors who signed a letter to Chancellor Angela Merkel urging her to take a firm stance against the mass online surveillance conducted by the NSA. Trojanow and the other authors had nothing to hide, which is why the letter was published for the public to read. What happened after that, however, was that Trojanow was refused permission to board a flight from Salvador da Bahia, Brazil, to Miami on Monday, September 30. Without any explanation."

The NSA, Drug Trafficking, & the Crash of Cocaine2  10/4/2013 Mad Cow Morning News 

Snowden Leaks Show NSA Targets Tor  10/4/2013 e-Week: "Going a step further, the Guardian report alleges that when the NSA does identify Tor users, the agency directs them to a set of servers known as "FoxAcid." The goal of FoxAcid is to drop some kind of exploit on the user's system such that they can be tracked or otherwise infiltrated."

Lost Cruise fears save Obama on Syria  10/3/2013 Asia Times 

NSA shares raw intelligence including Americans' data with Israel  9/11/2013 Guardian: "Secret deal places no legal limits on use of data by Israelis"

NSA and Israeli intelligence: memorandum of understanding – full document  9/11/2013 Guardian: "Top-secret document shows how intelligence being shared with Israel would not be filtered in advance by NSA analysts to remove US communications."

U.S. shares raw intelligence data with Israel, leaked document shows  9/11/2013 Ynet, Israel: "Secret document provided to the Guardian by Snowden indicates US government handed over to Israel intercepted communications likely to contain phone calls and emails of American citizens; also suggests Jewish state 'third most aggressive intelligence service against US' "

U.S. shares raw intelligence data with Israel, leaked document shows  9/11/2013 LA Times: "According to the memo, NSA routinely sends ISNU "minimized and unminimized" signal intelligence (sigint) data. In other words, the U.S. government shares intercepted communications with the Israelis without first screening it for sensitive information about Americans."

How The NSA Revelations Are Hurting Businesses  9/10/2013 Forbes: "Princeton technologist Ed Felten — who used to be government-employed at the Federal Trade Commission — writes, “This is going to put U.S. companies at a competitive disadvantage, because people will believe that U.S. companies lack the ability to protect their customers—and people will suspect that U.S. companies may feel compelled to lie to their customers about security."

Russian media report: How Snowden missed his flight to Cuba  8/26/2013 CS Monitor: "A Kommersant source who is close to the US State Department confirmed that Cuba was one of the countries whose authorities had been warned by the US that any assistance provided to Snowden will lead to 'adverse consequences.' Later Vladimir Putin said that the United States 'in fact, blocked [Snowden's] further flight' to Latin America," leaving him stuck in Russia."

The Real, Terrifying Reason Why British Authorities Detained David Miranda  8/22/2013 Atlantic: "Just this week, the Wall Street Journal reported on some new NSA secret programs that are spying on Americans. It got the information from "interviews with current and former intelligence and government officials and people from companies that help build or operate the systems, or provide data," not from Snowden. This is only the beginning. The media will not be intimidated. I will not be intimidated. But it scares me that the NSA is so blind that it doesn't see it."

Cuba’s Journey on the Internet: There’s a Long March Ahead  8/14/2013 Time: "only 25% of the population is online" [This figure comes from official sources.]

Senate Committee Had Authority to Expose NSA All Along  8/13/2013 Common Dreams: "This finding runs counter to claims by committee members such as NSA critic Sen. Ron Wyden, D-Ore., who along with fellow committee member Sen. Mark Udall, D-Colo., has continuously offered "veiled concerns" that the U.S. public would be "stunned and angry" if only the committee could reveal the NSA's activities to them. Wyden and Udall have praised whistleblower Edward Snowden and have publicly pushed for NSA transparency but have repeatedly said that he they are barred from revealing details of classified NSA practices as committee members. Subsequently, Wyden told McClatchy that he didn’t know the provision existed, as did fellow Intelligence Committee member Sen. Tom Coburn (R-Okla.). It remains to be seen if, upon knowledge of this rule, NSA critics on the committee such as Wyden and Udall will take action to push harder for declassification."

Edward Snowden’s Email Provider Shuts Down Amid Secret Court Battle  8/8/2013 Wired: "This experience has taught me one very important lesson: without congressional action or a strong judicial precedent, I would _strongly_ recommend against anyone trusting their private data to a company with physical ties to the United States."

Internet access now a reality for some Cubans, but not cheap at $4.50 an hour  8/6/2013 CNN 

Stopping the "Ever-Expanding Surveillance State"  7/31/2013 Mother Jones: "Sen. Ron Wyden on Edward Snowden, how the NSA misled Congress, and reining in the massive collection of Americans' data."

Feds tell Web firms to turn over user account passwords  7/25/2013 CNET 

Report: Kerry Threatens to Stop Venezuela Gas Trade Over Snowden  7/19/2013 AntiWar: "Kerry also is said to have told Jaua that the US was considering suspending the sale of gasoline and oil byproducts to Venezuela. Though the Venezuelan government is a huge exporter of crude oil to the United States, it is increasingly reliant on the US for refining capabilities."

The NSA Admits It Analyzes More People's Data Than Previously Revealed  7/17/2013 Atlantic: "For a sense of scale, researchers at the University of Milan found in 2011 that everyone on the Internet was, on average, 4.74 steps away from anyone else. The NSA explores relationships up to three of those steps."

Cuba's New Internet Service is Also No Bed of Roses  7/16/2013 MIT Technology Review 

In 'Chilling' Ruling, Chevron Granted Access to Activists' Private Internet Data  7/13/2013 Common Dreams: "A federal judge has ruled to allow Chevron, through a subpoena to Microsoft, to collect the IP usage records and identity information for email accounts owned by over 100 environmental activists, journalists and attorneys. The oil giant is demanding the records in an attempt to cull together a lawsuit which alleges that the company was the victim of a conspiracy in the $18.2 billion judgment against it for dumping 18.5 billion gallons of oil waste in the Ecuadorean Amazon, causing untold damage to the rainforest."

Surveillance blowback: ?the making of the US surveillance state, 1898-2020  7/13/2013 Open Democracy 

Recruited By the NSA  7/12/2013 Common Dreams 

Jailed Journalist Barrett Brown Faces 105 Years For Reporting on Hacked Private Intelligence Firms  7/11/2013 Democracy Now: "Considering that the person who carried out the actual Stratfor hack had several priors and is facing a maximum of 10 years, the inescapable conclusion is that the problem is not with the hack itself but with Brown’s journalism," Ludlow argues. He adds that the case against Brown could suggest criminality "to even link to something or share a link with someone."

Senador socio de terrorista CIA amenaza a “cualquier” país que otorga asilo a Snowden  7/8/2013 Kaos en la Red: "Menéndez es este miembro del Senado quién se reunió el 17 de mayo de 2011 con Luis Posada Carriles, en un restaurante de West New York, para felicitar el viejo asesino para su indulto por un tribunal tejano, una operación dirigida por nada menos que Roger Noriega, el ex alto funcionario del Departamento de Estado. El senador famoso por sus lazos con la mafia, tanto italiana que cubanoamericana, es un aliado fiel de la Representante por Miami Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, la también Presidente del “Fondo de defensa” de Posada."

Venezuela's Maduro offers asylum to Snowden  7/5/2013 Reuters 

Colombia: Santos compraría sistema israelí de espionaje de redes sociales  7/4/2013 Contrainjerencia: "Medios locales colombianos han filtrado que la compañía israelí Comverse Technology será la probable contratista para el desarrollo de la nueva Plataforma Única de Monitoreo y Análisis –PUMA-, con la cual el Gobierno de Bogotá podrá interceptar en tiempo real todas las comunicaciones que impliquen la transferencia de datos por Internet. PUMA está diseñada para tener acceso a datos, mensajes y comunicaciones en las redes sociales (facebook, Instagram, Viber, Twitter, Skype, Linkedin), así como por redes telefónicas. Según infodefensa, el nuevo sistema será “la herramienta técnica clave, para la implementación de la también nueva Ley de Inteligencia y Contrainteligencia”, sancionada hace tres meses."

Snowden and Assange Targeted by Mysterious Hacker "The Jester"  7/2/2013 Mother Jones: "A shadowy, self-described "patriot" hacktivist has launched a series of cyberattacks against Ecuador and says he plans to direct a similar onslaught against any country considering granting asylum to former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden. The hacker, who calls himself the "th3J35t3r" (the Jester) and in the past has identified himself as a former soldier, has also taken aim at Julian Assange. The WikiLeaks founder has been assisting Snowden in his efforts to seek safe haven."

Operación a gran escala de guerra en red contra Cuba  6/24/2013 La Haine: "Según los sitios web empleados por Washington para la subversión contra la Isla, numerosos mensajes de texto se están enviando al ciberespacio cubano a través de un sistema computarizado, desarrollado por especialistas de marketing en masa, para llegar a grandes cantidades de personas desde diferentes números de teléfono, tanto en Estados Unidos como en España."

Snowden’s SnowJob… This is How to identify CIA limited hangout op?  6/20/2013 JONKIRBY2012 

The Strange Case of Barrett Brown  6/18/2013 The Nation: "One of its products, available for a $2.5 million annual subscription, gave customers access to “zero-day exploits”—security vulnerabilities unknown to software companies—for computer systems all over the world. Business Week published a story on Endgame in 2011, reporting that “Endgame executives will bring up maps of airports, parliament buildings, and corporate offices. The executives then create a list of the computers running inside the facilities, including what software the computers run, and a menu of attacks that could work against those particular systems.” For Brown, this raised the question of whether Endgame was selling these exploits to foreign actors and whether they would be used against computer systems in the United States. Shortly thereafter, the hammer came down."

In Cuba: “You Will Learn, but not Too Much”  6/3/2013 Havana Times: "How else could we explain the creation of new cybercafés, which will offer Internet services in several municipalities across the country at the “affordable” price of US $5 the hour? Never before have we seen such clear proof that the Cuban government isn’t interested in providing its citizens with Internet access."

Cuba’s New Cybercafés: A Piecemeal Strategy  5/30/2013 Havana Times: "With a total of 334 computer consoles around the country, the cybercafés will be open 11 hours a day. If every user were to navigate for only an hour, a mere 3,700 people would be able to access the Internet a day. If we maintain our initial figure of 8 million potential Internet users, people would get to connect once every 5 years. Even if we assume I am exaggerating and that only 10 % of this hypothetical population wants to use the Internet, each person would have access to the web only once every six months. And Cuba’s phone company, ETECSA, needed all of two years to take this bold step, from the date in which the installation of an underwater fiber-optic cable between Cuba and Venezuela was completed."

Fiber Optic Cable Between Cuba and Jamaica Now Operative  5/22/2013 Havana Times: "Doug Madory, the top analyst for Renesys, said adding Jamaica gives Cuba a backup in case of an interruption in the branch of the ALBA-1 to Venezuela."

Los Infocentros democratizan uso de internet y tecnologías de la información  4/24/2013 Veneolana de Television: "Venezuela cuenta con 863 centros / 120 instituciones se han transferido a la comunidad organizada / Los Info Móviles alcanzan 89 por ciento de cobertura territorial. La participación activa de más de 2 mil 500 personas en todo el territorio nacional, prestan servicio de calidad en los 863 Infocentros instalados en el país, “esto permite la democratización de Internet y de las Tecnologías de Información (TIC)”. Así lo afirmó este martes el presidente del proyecto Infocentro, David Parra Parra, en entrevista realizada en el Programa Radial “De primeros en la cola”, transmitido por la Radio del Sur."

Yoani Sánchez destaca papel de tecnología en lucha interna en Cuba  3/16/2013 Nuevo Herald 

The Internet, Broadband and Foreign Policy - Cyber Cuba  2/26/2013 Cuba-L 

How Cuba lets us use new technology in old ways  1/21/2013 Havana Times: "iPhones, Blackberrys, laptops and all kinds of “pads” are becoming more commonplace in Havana. This new generation of personal electronics are full of the latest apps, movies, TV shows, and news programs. This is happening with less than 5% of the population connected to the internet. As these next-generation devices are finding a home Cuba the analogue and digital worlds are mixing in proportion not frequently seen in other countries. And it just might prove that everything you think about modern technology inevitably destroying “real” social networks is as outdated as a flickering CRT monitor."

NTICs: brecha digital y empoderamiento ciudadano  6/1/2012 Islas: por Rafel Campoamor, Presidente fundador, ONG EmpoderaCuba

NTICs, the Digital Divide and Citizen Empowerment  6/1/2012 Islas: by Rafel Campoamor, Founding President, NGO EmpoderaCuba

U.S. blocking Cuba’s access to information technology  5/24/2012 Granma: "OBSTACLES preventing access to information technology and communications derived from the U.S. blockade of Cuba were denounced before the World Trade Organization in Geneva on May 16. Washington must be called upon to end its unilateral coercive measures, asserted Carlos Fidel Martín, from the Cuban embassy in Switzerland, during a symposium organized for the 15th anniversary of the Information Technology Agreement."

La NED y el uso de Internet contra la Revolución Cubana  4/14/2012 Jiribilla: "El abastecimiento de equipos de telecomunicaciones sofisticados a miembros de la contrarrevolución interna, tales como BGAN, teléfonos satelitales, celulares de última generación, equipos de filmaciones, PC´s y laptops, programas de encriptación de comunicaciones entre otros recursos, además de los financieros y el asesoramiento a los “disidentes” para que aprendan a utilizar estos equipos, ha sido una constante en los planes de la Administración norteamericana. La utilización exitosa de las redes sociales a través de Internet para promover los procesos de la “Primavera Árabe”, ha incentivado los planes para promover un proceso semejante en Cuba a través de Internet y las TIC´s."

th3j35t3r aka Tom Ryan dox  4/11/2012 Pastebin: "While many Anons have been focused on reverse DNS lookups, port scanning and conventional doxing methods to unmask Jester, no one seems to have tried a simpler technique: writing analysis. 14. 15. If Tom Ryan (TR) and Jester (J) are one and the same person, it should be easy to tell. They’ve written 3,000 tweets between them. Even the l33t3st of the l33t would struggle to convincingly maintain two separate writing styles over the course of thousands of tweets and numerous blog posts."

The NSA Is Building the Country’s Biggest Spy Center (Watch What You Say)  3/15/2012 Wired: by James Bamford

EBECuba  2/3/2012 CNN iCuba: "La ONG EmpoderaCuba esta organizando una conferencia internacional de blogueros en la Habana marzo del 2012 : el EBECuba. Quisieramos informar a el mundo sobre nuestro evento. Nuestra bloguera Yoani Sanchez y muchos otros blogueros cubanos y de otros paises presentaran ponencias y assistiran a debates sobre nuestra lucha contra la brecha digital y por el empodramiento ciudadano mediante las TICs."

Educación tecnológica comunitaria en Valera, estado Trujillo - Venezuela, año escolar 2012 -2013  1/9/2012 Educare, Veneuela: "El artículo reporta hallazgos de una experiencia educativa cuyo propósito fue sensibilizar e introducir a los estudiantes en nuevas formas de comunicación tecnológica en los contextos comunitarios con miras a instruirlos en el desarrollo de un informe de investigación. La muestra la conformó un grupo estudiantes de 6to año, del periodo escolar 2012-2013, de la especialidad de Informática en la Escuela Técnica Colegio “Santo Tomás de Aquino” y el Liceo Bolivariano “Rafael Rangel”, ambos en Valera, Estado Trujillo. El estudio se dimensionó en cuatro fases metodológicas: Diagnóstico, Marco Metodológico, Análisis de los Datos y Resultados, Recomendaciones o Sugerencias y Producción del Conocimiento. Entre los resultados alcanzados se planificó y ejecutó la “I Presentación Tecnológica Educativa Comunitaria”, el cual fue un evento de socialización en relación a las temáticas abordadas: Uso Doméstico del Internet, Realidades de los Cyber, Uso de Dispositivos Móviles y Hábitos de Estudio en el uso del Internet."

Infocentros: Vanguardia tecnológica de Venezuela  12/28/2011 AVN: "Zambrano destacó que este año los infocentros recibieron 12 millones de visitas en todo el país, "y cuatro millones han sido atendidas directamente en los centros, lo cual es muy importante porque da muestra de que Venezuela es un país incluyente y que se preocupa por dar atención a quienes quizá nunca en su vida habían tenido la oportunidad de acercarse a una computadora o navegar en internet"."

NCO lanza un Centro de Tecnología Comunitario en Panamá  4/26/2011 VRI Noticias 

Cumbre en Panamá para ciberguerra contra Cuba: hacia nuevos fracasos  4/9/2011 La pupila insomne 

EEUU combate el “antiamericanismo” con perfiles falsos en Twitter y Facebook  3/21/2011 Aporrea: "De esta forma, el ejército de Estados Unidos contará con un programa que les permita invadir Facebook y Twitter con unos 500 perfiles falsos gestionados por 50 personas (espías) desde servidores alojados fuera del territorio norteamericano."

HBGary's high-volume astroturfing technology and the Feds who requested it  2/18/2011 Boing Boing: "This time, it's internal emails detailing the creation of "persona management" software to simplify the process of pretending to be several people at once online, in order simulate widespread support for a point of view -- astroturfing automation software. The software appears to have been developed in response to a federal government solicitation seeking automated tools for astroturfing message boards in foreign countries."

Peering through the shroud of global corruption: Hillary's "all hands" meeting and bribery and kickbacks  2/9/2011 Wayne Madsen Report: "Anonymous apparently includes members inside the U.S. government who have access to classified information and who are determined to break America's chains to Israel by exposing more classified information. The original access to classified networks by Anonymous members came as a result of the government hiring consultants to examine the possible penetration of classified Pentagon networks by foreign intelligence agencies. In fact, the actual source of the State Department cables seen as most damaging to the interests of the neocons and Zionists is described to WMR as "an anti-Zionist/neocon faction" operating inside the U.S. government. Wikileaks and Assange, on the other hand, have done their best to suppress the cables seen as most damaging to neocon and Israeli interests. The word on the street is that the world's "military-industrial-political" complex is worried about further releases of sensitive information and is bracing itself for a global rebellion when the true nature of the world's elites is revealed around the world. Anonymous has an ultimate target based on what it has managed to obtain from computers and networks around the world: the Council on Foreign Relations and the Rockefeller family."

Israel enlists hackers for cyber attacks  2/9/2011 Press TV: "Speaking at a panel on the subject of "the digital medium as strategic weapon" in Tel Aviv on Tuesday, the Israeli military spokesman, Brigadier General Avi Benayahu, said the Israeli army was searching for 120 "hackers who were born and raised online," Ynet news reported. The Israeli spokesperson added that the military screens them with special care and trains them to serve Israel."

WikiLeaks Backers ‘Anonymous’ to Be Probed by U.S. Grand Jury  2/9/2011 Bloomberg: "Among the evidence seized by the FBI during multistate raids on Jan. 27 was data taken from an individual who controls one of Anonymous’s primary servers, identified by the organization only by his cyber-handle ‘Owen,’ Brown said."

La verdad, la mentira y la ignorancia lejos de Wikileaks  1/25/2011 Cubadebate: "Pero lo que quizás llame su atención es que un colectivo de hackers autodenominados “Anonymus” (conocidos por el hackeo y el ciberataque a Paypal, Visa, etc.) la han emprendido contra Venezuela. Sus razones parecen salidas de un guión de la USAID, los que habitualmente se encargan de elaborar las matrices de opinión pública que tan buen resultado dan en los medios internacionales."

Operation Want  1/19/2011 Anonymous on Youtube 

Sweden's Big Trade Deal For Assange. Who profits most?  1/13/2011 Anonymous Operation Want's Blog 

In a Computer Worm, a Possible Biblical Clue  9/29/2010 NYT 

Convoca el Instituto Bush encuentro para coordinar ciberguerra contra Venezuela, Cuba, Irán y Rusia  4/8/2010 CubaDebate: "El Instituto George W. Bush y la organización estadounidense Freedom House han convocado a un encuentro de “activistas por la libertad y los derechos humanos” y “expertos en Internet” para analizar el “movimiento global de ciberdisidentes”. Al encuentro, que se realizará ese día en Dallas, Texas, asistirán Rodrigo Diamanti de la organización Futuro Presente de Venezuela; Arash Kamangir, de Irán; Oleg Kozlovsky, de Rusia; Ernesto Hernández Busto, de Cuba (vive en Barcelona y es conocido en la red cubana como “Pájaro Tieso”); Isaac Mao, de China; y Ahed Alhendi, de Siria. También estarán presentes miembros del gobierno estadounidense y otras organizaciones vinculadas con la comunidad de inteligencia de Washington, como Jeffrey Gedmin, presidente de Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, un proyecto de la Agencia Central de Inteligencia (CIA) creado durante la Guerra Fría para luchar contra el comunismo en Europa; Daniel Baer, Asistente Secretario de Estado para la Democracia, los Derechos Humanos y el Trabajo; Peter Ackerman, fundador del Centro Internacional para el Conflicto Noviolento (ICNC), entidad involucrada en las llamadas “revoluciones de colores” en Europa Oriental; Oscar Morales Guevara, fundador del movimiento “un millón de voces contra las FARC” y promotor de un movimiento contra el Presidente Chávez a través de Facebook; Jennifer Windsor, directora ejecutiva de Freedom House, y otros representantes de Freedom House, el Departamento de Estado y el Instituto George W. Bush."

China accuses US of online warfare in Iran  1/24/2010 Guardian: "The United States used "online warfare" to stir up unrest in Iran after last year's elections, the Chinese Communist party newspaper claimed today, hitting back at Hillary Clinton's speech last week about internet freedom. An editorial in the People's Daily accused the US of launching a "hacker brigade" and said it had used social media such as Twitter to spread rumours and create trouble."

Twitter se subleva contra Pat Robertson por sus comentarios sobre Haití  1/13/2010 CubaDebate 

State Department: US Claims to Help Cubans Communicate Globally  12/16/2009 Along the Malecon 

More on Sneaky US Contractor in Cuba: How Did He Get Equipment into the Country?  12/15/2009 Honduras Oye 

Plotting Cuba's digital revolution  12/15/2009 Along the Malecon: "I don't know if there are any specific regulations prohibiting smart phones that are activated in such countries as Mexico. I would imagine that some U.S. officials would love to flood Cuba with those, although the costs would high because of roaming charges. Perhaps U.S. officials hope to distribute some other kind of communication equipment. The U.S. government and its contractors have managed to pass out hundreds of thousands of short-wave radios in Cuba over the past decade, so it's not inconceivable that they could distribute mass quantities of electronic equipment."

La CIA utiliza la USAID como fachada, confirma alto funcionario de la agencia estadounidense  12/14/2009 Aporrea: por Eva Golinger

La corrupción en la campaña mediática del imperio contra América Latina  12/14/2009 Cuba periodistas: por Jean-Guy Allard - "Para alcanzar sus objetivos, la VOA usará las instalaciones de producción de Radio y TV Martí lo que, según el rotativo mafioso de Miami, ha alimentado "especulaciones de que las estaciones Martí acabarán pasando a formar parte de la VOA". Radio y TV Martí han sido sacudidos por varios escándalos de corrupción, en los últimos años. Lo más divertido es que Alberto Mascaró, quien anunció la nueva orientación de la VOA, es nada menos que el sobrino de la esposa de Pedro Roig, director general de Radio y TV Martí, corporación famosa por dedicarse a contratar a las amistades de sus "capos". Ex director de la Interamerican Military Academy de Miami, Roig fue formado por la CIA en Fort Benning al lado del terrorista internacional Luis Posada Carriles, como sicario de la Operación 40, con vistas a la fracasada invasión de Playa Girón."

Action against Cuba  12/13/2009 ZZ's Blog: "While The New York Times understates dramatically both the funding and government dependence of DAI, it does reveal an interesting aspect of the story. The detainment occurred on December 5 with no public disclosure by the Cuban government. The fact that US officials felt compelled to announce the detainment, confessing the detainee’s activities and his employment, suggests that there will likely be more exposed in the days to come."

Terrorism and Civil Society - The Instruments of US Policy in Cuba  12/12/2009 CounterPunch: by Philip Agee, former CIA officer, published 8/2003 - "Actually the new program was not really new. Since its founding in 1947, the CIA had been deeply involved in secretly funding and manipulating foreign non-governmental voluntary organizations. These vast operations circled the globe and were targeted at political parties, trade unions and businessmen's associations, youth and student organizations, women's groups, civic organizations, religious communities, professional, intellectual and cultural societies, and the public information media. The network functioned at local, national, regional and global levels. Media operations, for example, were underway continuously in practically every country, wherein the CIA would pay journalists to publish its materials as if they were the journalists' own."

Entregan a bloguera medalla hecha “con plata de la dictadura de Batista”  12/9/2009 Aporrea: por Jean-Guy Allard - "Según los organizadores del “acto”, la condecoración es compuesta “por un peso de plata de los que circulaban” en los tiempos de la dictadura sanguinaria de Fulgencio Batista. Los fundadores del Comité paramilitar de la FNCA y que hoy dirigen el CLC, entre los cuales Diego Suarez, Alberto Hernández Alberto Hernández y Ninoska Pérez-Castellón (esposa del terrorista Roberto Martin Pérez, encabezaron las ágapes entrecortadas de discursos caracterizados por su fanatismo de extrema derecha. El comité paramilitar de la FNCA sufragó a Posada Carriles durante sus campañas de terror, en 1997, en territorio cubano y orientaron la compra de un millonario arsenal de armas por Antonio “Toñin” Llama, destinado a acciones terroristas de gran envergadura."

Marketing war heats up among Cuba’s “dissidents”  11/23/2009 CubaDebate: "The interview President Barack Obama granted the “blogger” Yoani Sánchez is the culmination of a project I feel like calling Operation Marketing; aimed as it is at the promotion and visibility of a new counter-revolutionary figure in Cuba, in the face of the worn out and battered “dissidence,” fighting like a pack of wolves with fangs bared in search of their prey: money. ...Without cross-checking the facts and without verifying anything, plenty of media ran with the story about the “kidnapping” and “beating” of the famous “blogger.” Hundreds of articles circled the planet from one end to the other on that story, which Yoani herself could not back up, even with the BBC, when she could not present any proof of the blows she’d received. But not everyone got on the boat of lies, and many have been questioning the script. One skeptic was the La República newspaper, who went to look for the doctors who attended Yoani and found that none of them found the least physical evidence for the supposed aggression."

Cuba: Broadband and Other Such Matters  11/18/2009 Cuba-L-Analysis: by Nelson P. Valdés - "The foreign press stationed in Cuba claims that a dissident in Havana has a blog that is translated into 16 or more languages and has from 1 to 14 million visits a month. That is impressive for anyone worldwide. For someone in Cuba it borders on a Fatima-like miracle.[7] From a logistical standpoint, this is an unusual accomplishment. Is it possible for such traffic to be handled by Cuba today? Who is/are the administrator[s] of the web pages in all these languages? Translation is complicated, time-consuming, and a worldwide translation team is costly. How is this work done? How is it paid for? And what is the mechanism for transferring this payment?"

Details about NSA cyberattack during Bush administration revealed  11/13/2009 Federal News Radio: "The National Journal's Shane Harris reports today that at the request of his national intelligence director, President Bush ordered an NSA cyberattack on the cellular phones and computers that insurgents in Iraq were using to plan roadside bombings. And former officials with knowledge of the computer network attack tell National Journal that the cyber-attack helped turn the tide of the war. Even more than the thousands of additional ground troops that Bush ordered to Iraq as part of the 2007 "surge," they credit the cyberattacks with allowing military planners to track and kill some of the most influential insurgents."

US Loosens Internet Restrictions on Iran and Cuba  10/30/2009 Internet & Democracy Blog, Harvard Law: "Arguing that access to the flow of information on the Internet in Iran and Cuba is in line with US interests, the US Treasury has asked Google and Microsoft to give users in those two countries access to their chat services. This is a smart move, but just the beginning of what should be done to increase the flow on online speech in those countries."

Frente Nacional site under cyberattack  9/22/2009 Frente Nacional Contra el Golpe: Twitter feed coopted by spam, Blogspot asleep at the switch. Most recent legit twitters: "# EL GOBIERAJANO GOLPISTA ORDENO A LA POLICIA QUE RODEEN LA EMBAJADA DE BRASIL PARA REPRIMIRLA FAVOR LLAMAR A TODAS LAS EMBAJADAS INFORMANDO -- # El gobierno GOLPISTA ha dado instrucciones a las compañias de Celulares para que bloqueen todas las llamadas e incomunicar a la Resistencia -- # El Gobierno GOLPISTA en cadena Nacional declara Toque de Queda a partir de las 4:00 p.m. del Lunes 21 de sept hasta las 07:00 am del Martes"

Honduras Resistance Warns of Provocateurs on the Internet  9/19/2009 NarcoNews: "And what drives the coup mongers battiest is that after 84 days of constant and massive dissent against the illegitimate coup regime – even after more than 3,500 arbitrary arrests of coup opponents, brutal beatings, torture and even some assassinations by the regime, its police and its military – the resistance remains nonviolent. Coup defenders have thus tried to seize upon isolated images of youths tossing tear gas canisters back at police, or the early August incident in which three unidentified men, a few blocks away from a protest march, set fire to a Popeye’s Chicken restaurant with a Molotov, as somehow representative of the resistance. They’ve tossed in a few photos of graffiti on the walls of Honduran cities as further supposed evidence of the unruly nature of the resistance. But that dog hasn’t hunted and so now the deceit and trickery has sunk to a new low: the invention, out of thin cyberspace, of a supposed guerrilla army and its website which claims the armed organization (one that doesn’t exist) is sponsored by the National Resistance Front Against the Coup d’Etat, the umbrella organization for many organizations and individuals that oppose the coup."

Si los blogs son terapéuticos ¿quién paga la terapia de Yoani Sánchez?  8/25/2009 CiberPrensa: "En Generación Y aparece en un lugar prominente un enlace para comprar el libro de Yoani en italiano, Cuba libre. Esto es algo que puede hacer cualquiera a través de PayPal, pero no un cubano que vive en Cuba, porque contraviene las regulaciones del bloqueo, donde la normativa que prohíbe el comercio electrónico en este caso es muy clara. Ya quisieran muchos periodistas que han quedado sin empleo “tener la habilidad” para emplear sus herramientas de administración y servicios, con gateway de pago o pasarela electrónica para el traspaso de dinero a través de tarjetas de crédito. Sin embargo, para que nadie se equivoque, tiene su Copyright © 2009 Generación Y – All Rights Reserved, algo que ningún bloguero cubano puede hacer tampoco desde la Isla."

Cuba ¿la red cercada?  5/29/2009 Juventud Rebelde: "La decisión de Microsoft de bloquear para los cubanos el sistema de conversación on line Messenger es apenas una vuelta de tuerca más en el bloqueo tecnológico de Estados Unidos contra la Isla."

Yoani Sánchez: Pentagon babe  5/8/2009 Machetera: "Military academics offer another extremely important variable in the information war waged on the Internet. In order to turn prejudices into real facts, they should be filtered through a personal perspective, preferably accompanied by pictures and other evidence which prove that the witness can be found where the story takes place. Military Review,[9] the Pentagon’s official magazine, has dedicated extensive analysis to the importance of blogs and cyber-dissidents in this strategy. They serve to offer a face and anecdote to a rhetoric that corresponds to the political designs of the North American military for each region in conflict, particularly those where Internet use is on the rise."

Cuba cutting Internet access  5/7/2009 Sun Sentinel: "Cuba is further limiting access to the World Wide Web for its citizens, in what many believe is an effort to rein in a small but increasingly popular group of bloggers who are critical of the government. Only government employees, academics and researchers are allowed their own Internet accounts, which are provided by the state, but only have limited access to sites outside the island. Ordinary Cubans may open e-mail accounts accessible at many post offices, but do not have access to the Web. Many got around the restrictions by using hotel Internet services. But a new resolution barring ordinary Cubans from using hotel Internet services quietly went into place in recent weeks, according to an official with Cuba's telecom monopoly, hotel workers and bloggers."

Companies Utilize ‘Cyber-Chatter’ To Predict Global Epidemics  4/29/2009 Red Orbit 

Plans to expand Internet access in Cuba prompt censorship warnings  4/20/2009 NextGov 

The Missing Rules of Engagement in Cyberwar  11/25/2008 CounterPunch 

Pentagon debates development of offensive cyberspace capabilities  9/16/2008 LA Times: "The current emphasis is on intelligence gathering and defending U.S. electronic security, but some officials think the military should know how to attack other nations' computer systems."

Battle for South Ossetia fought in cyberspace  8/17/2008 Independent, UK: "South Ossetia was, say experts in both technology and military studies, the world's first cyberwar. Websites on both sides, especially the Georgian one, were knocked out by co-ordinated online attacks. Among them were the Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs websites, the online English language dailies 'The Messenger', and 'Civil', and the personal website of the Georgian President, Mikheil Saakashvili."

RIA Novosti hit by cyber-attacks as conflict with Georgia rages  8/10/2008 RIA Novosti: "RIA Novosti news agency's website was disabled for several hours on Sunday by a series of hacker attacks, as the conflict between Russia and Georgia over breakaway South Ossetia continued for a third day. Websites in both Russia and Georgia have been hit by cyber attacks since Georgia launched a major ground and air offensive to seize control of South Ossetia on Friday. Russia responded by sending in tanks and hundreds of troops. "The DNS-servers and the site itself have been coming under severe attack," said Maxim Kuznetsov, head of the RIA Novosti IT department."

Air Force Cyber Command: Building the Infrastructure for High-Tech War Crimes  7/19/2008 Global Research 

Cuba’s Mobile Opening  7/3/2008 Internet & Democracy Blog, Harvard Law 

Tambores de guerra en el ciberespacio  6/28/2008 Jiribilla 

I&D Budapest Session 4: Internet, Democratization and Authoritarian Regimes  6/26/2008 Internet & Democracy Blog, Harvard Law: "There is Internet in Cuba, all through satellite. There is also a large parallel market that operates vis-a-vis ICTs. When Joshua and Gwendolyn were in Cuba they decided to put a sign up “Free Internet Access Available Here” in a marginalized neighborhood. People knew what the Internet was and suggested they take the sign down with haste lest they get in trouble. Flash drives are also widely used to share non state-controlled information. So Gwendolyn and Joshua have developed a device that allows for the rapid copying of flash drives without the need for a computer. This means that data on flash drives can be copied during a taxi ride, for example. The device also includes a small LCD screen and a built-in speaker. It can be operated using batteries and/or solar power. In addition, the device can be plugged into a television to watch video clips since there are virtually no computers in Cuba while one in five Cubans own a TV."

Israel backed by army of cyber-soldiers  5/21/2008 Times, London: published 7/06, now has an odd blank pop-up - "Israel’s Government has thrown its weight behind efforts by supporters to counter what it believes to be negative bias and a tide of pro-Arab propaganda. The Foreign Ministry has ordered trainee diplomats to track websites and chatrooms so that networks of US and European groups with hundreds of thousands of Jewish activists can place supportive messages. In the past week nearly 5,000 members of the World Union of Jewish Students (WUJS) have downloaded special “megaphone” software that alerts them to anti-Israeli chatrooms or internet polls to enable them to post contrary viewpoints. A student team in Jerusalem combs the web in a host of different languages to flag the sites so that those who have signed up can influence an opinion survey or the course of a debate."

Fortalecimiento institucional del Programa Red Informática Comunitaria. Escuelas Informáticas Comunitarias Etapa III, provincia de Mendoza  4/1/2008 Argentina: "En este proyecto se describen las actividades llevadas a cabo para fortalecer las capacidades y competencias de las Escuelas Informáticas Comunitarias en lo referente al manejo de herramientas tecnológicas virtuales, como medios de capacitación permanente e interrelación entre el Estado provincial y los ciudadanos y como modo de promover la generación de redes de conocimiento entre las comunidades, sede de las Escuelas Informáticas Comunitarias y otras instituciones."

Will Cuba’s “Cyber Rebels” Help Set it Free?  3/8/2008 Internet & Democracy Blog, Harvard Law 

Cyber-Rebels in Cuba Defy State’s Limits  3/6/2008 NYT: "A growing underground network of young people armed with computer memory sticks, digital cameras and clandestine Internet hookups has been mounting some challenges to the Cuban government in recent months, spreading news that the official state media try to suppress."

Of Necessity and Humanity: What Cuba Can Teach Us About Ourselves and Our Own Technology  3/5/2008 Etech 

Les étranges accusations d'un cybercorbeau  10/12/2007 Le Figaro: "La PJ enquête sur un courriel envoyé durant la présidentielle à cent hauts responsables de la police. Il affirmait que Sarkozy, comme Balkany, Lellouche, Devedjian et Aeschlimann, étaient liés au Mossad."

Secret US air force team to perfect plan for Iran strike  9/23/2007 Times, London: "Checkmate’s job is to add a dash of brilliance to Air Force thinking by countering the military’s tendency to “fight the last war” and by providing innovative strategies for warfighting and assessing future needs for air, space and cyberwarfare. It is led by Brigadier-General Lawrence “Stutz” Stutzriem, who is considered one of the brightest air force generals. He is assisted by Dr Lani Kass, a former Israeli military officer and expert on cyberwarfare."

Hysterical Western Media Hype Flimsy Cyber War Against Estonia  6/2/2007 Alternet 

Russia accused of unleashing cyberwar to disable Estonia  5/17/2007 Independent: "A three-week wave of massive cyber-attacks on the small Baltic country of Estonia, the first known incidence of such an assault on a state, is causing alarm across the western alliance, with Nato urgently examining the offensive and its implications. While Russia and Estonia are embroiled in their worst dispute since the collapse of the Soviet Union, a row that erupted at the end of last month over the Estonians' removal of the Bronze Soldier Soviet war memorial in central Tallinn, the country has been subjected to a barrage of cyber warfare, disabling the websites of government ministries, political parties, newspapers, banks, and companies."

Israel backed by army of cyber-soldiers  7/28/2006 Times, London: ''Israel’s Government has thrown its weight behind efforts by supporters to counter what it believes to be negative bias and a tide of pro-Arab propaganda. The Foreign Ministry has ordered trainee diplomats to track websites and chatrooms so that networks of US and European groups with hundreds of thousands of Jewish activists can place supportive messages.''

Apropiación social de las tecnologías de la información: Ciberciudadanías emergentes  11/28/2005 America Latina en Movimiento: "Las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación son las que incluyen no sólo el hardware y el software y sus interconexiones en redes telemáticas, sino también y principalmente, los diferentes tipos de organización social posibilitados por el uso de estas tecnologías."

Los Infocentros venezolanos, ¿un esfuerzo de inclusión social?  5/9/2005 Volairenet: "De igual modo, el informe del PNUD destaca que "en relación con la democratización del acceso, las experiencias de los Infocentros indican el potencial de este instrumento, que puede ser utilizado, por ejemplo, para capacitar a las mujeres en un centro penitenciario, proteger a las víctimas de delitos, conectar a los estudiantes y los médicos en la selva amazónica o realizar cursos de educación a distancia para maestros" pero también se han presentados problemas de sostenibilidad, tanto financieros como de desarrollo de contenidos que aseguren su sostenibilidad social."

Embargo in Cyberspace  12/18/2002 Seattle Weekly: "Tom Warner did Castro when Castro wasn't cool. The 77-year-old Seattle activist and World War II vet says he was radicalized "to the ways of imperialism" while sailing to Africa and the Middle East as a merchant seaman after the war." By focusing on an admitted communist, the media avoids the larger issue of Bush's attempts to eliminate people to people contact through such forums as the US Cuba Sister Cities Association.

Israeli Computer Hackers Foiled, Exposed  9/3/2002 Washington Report on Middle East Affairs: "Israeli cyber warfare professionals targeted human rights and anti-war activists across the USA in late July and August temporarily disrupting communications, harassing hundreds of computer users, and annoying thousands more. The Israeli hackers targeted Stephen "Sami" Mashney, an Anaheim, California, attorney active in the effort to raise awareness of the plight of Palestinians. "People have found an alternate way to communicate through the Internet," Mashney, a Palestinian-American, told the Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, "and this attack is backfiring on the hackers. Many people are being educated."

Potential Cuban cyberattacks concern U.S. officials  2/6/2002 AP: rampant hysteria…

Cryptome attacked by FBI bots  12/24/2001 Cryptome: "A caution on bots: There is no objection to anybody -- gov, mil, edu, com, or individual -- downloading all the files here wanted without limitation, the whole 8,000+ if desired, preferably no more than a hundred per day. However, malconfigured bots and spiders that repetitively download mindlessly, or generate thousands of error messages for files already downloaded, and in doing so exluding others' access, are not welcome and will be blocked in perpetuity. The FBI bot cited here recently was doing that and demonstrates that a malconfigured machine was operating without human control or a human was deliberating attacking by pretending to be a bot or demon hacker (pretty common these flush days of inept cybersecurity peddling -- none of the ept gov bots has screwed up here like the FBI's MAS). Uncontrolled bots are attackers for they produce destruction as if intentionally. Don't use bots unless you know for sure they are not causing damage. Test them on your own site before bombing the net as if cowardly B52s begging for payback."

Millions Spent Subverting 'Enemies,' Stifling Dissent  2/15/2001 Wisdom Fund: "Consider the U.S. Central Information Agency's disinformation program begun late in the 1940s and early 1950s. This program eventually involved most of the major private institutions in American life (John Harwood, "O What a Tangled Web the CIA Wove," Washington Post, February 26, 1967). "It was not enough for the United States to arm its allies, to strengthen government institutions, or to finance the industrial establishment through economic and military programs," wrote Mr. Harwood. "Intellectuals, students, educators, trade unionists, journalists and professional men had to be recruited directly through their private organizations."


Links/Enlaces top

The Internet in Cuba

www.cybercuba.com 

Internet World Stats: Cuba
www.internetworldstats.com/car/cu.htm

YEAR

Users

Population

% Pen.

GDP p.c.*

Usage Source

2000

60,000

11,124,665

0.5 %

US$ 2,535

ITU

2001

120,000

11,295,969

1.1 %

US$ 2,648

ITU

2006

190,000

11,365,124

1.7 %

US$ 3,059

ITU

2008

1,310,000

11,423,952

11.5 %

US$ 3,059

ITU

FACTS ABOUT CUBA and the INTERNET
CUBA DOMAIN NAMES for SALE
www.cubadomainsforsale.com/cuba-facts.html

www.uci.cu   Universidad de las Ciencias Informaticas

 

Cuban entrepeneurs

www.cubazon.com/test/  - Expected to go live before the end of the year, Cubazon will process credit-card payments outside of Cuba and then wire money through the same network used by Cubans abroad to send money to relatives back home to pay the local Cuban business, such as a flower shop or bakery, to make and deliver the gift.

www.cubaoutsource.com - Cuba, Chile, US

Recharge cellphones in Cuba  - www.fonoma.com

www.kehaypahoy.com

www.merchise.com
support for startups

www.ninjacuba.com - La red de profesionales de Cuba

The State Department's Section 515.582 List, 4/22/2016 Provides the regulatory support for hiring independent Cuban programmers.    [Version español]

"In accordance with the policy changes announced by the President on December 17, 2014, to further engage and empower the Cuban people, Section 515.582 of the Cuban Assets Control Regulations (31 CFR Part 515 – the CACR) authorizes the importation into the United States of certain goods and services produced by independent Cuban entrepreneurs as determined by the State Department as set forth on the Section 515.582 List, below. [The entrepreneur cannot also work for any Cuban government entity.]

...The goods whose import is authorized by Section 515.582 are goods produced by independent Cuban entrepreneurs, as demonstrated by documentary evidence, that are imported into the United States, except for goods specified in the following sections/chapters of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTS).

...The authorized services pursuant to 31 CFR 515.582 are services supplied by an independent Cuban entrepreneur in Cuba, as demonstrated by documentary evidence. Persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction engaging in import transactions involving services supplied by an independent Cuban entrepreneur pursuant to § 515.582 are required to obtain documentary evidence that demonstrates the entrepreneur’s independent status, such as a copy of a license to be self-employed issued by the Cuban government or, in the case of an entity, evidence that demonstrates that the entrepreneur is a private entity that is not owned or controlled by the Cuban government. Supply of services must comply with other applicable state and federal laws."

Cuba's Tech Revolutionaries - photo archive
www.forbes.com/pictures/giik45igk/cubas-tech-revolutionar/#74c5b6b22436
 

Supportive US companies

enerivisions.com/cuba-initiatives/
 

Community Computing

Community Computing and Cuba

Los Joven Club de Computación y Electrónica (JCCE)  www.jovenclub.cu  [Fueron cerado despues de "problemas" con su contenido]

No More “Droplets of Internet” for the Cuban People: Let’s Tear Down the Cyber Wall, Foundation for Human Rights in Cuba

 

US interference

DAI Contractor Arrested in Cuba

Psychological Warfare Operations against Cuba

USAID/NED/State Department Companies
running projects in post December 2014 Cuba - many of these involve Internet

Yoani Sánchez, her rise and how it was financed

10x10KCUBA - An International Call To Innovation For Cuban Entrepreneurs
 

Anti Cuba US Companies

Millenium Corporation

Development Alternatives, Inc

Regional


Cyber Dissidence

www.afrocubanforum.org/ciberbarrio.html
Ciberbarrio es nuestra página para tratar el tema de las nuevas tecnologías y como el Afro Cuban Forum se está ocupando del asunto. Porqué es tan importante para nosotros ese tema, que merita que le dediquemos una página en nuestro website ? Porque en Cuba tenemos un profundo problema de brecha digital que excluye aún más al cubano de a pié .  Cuba es el país del hemisferio occidental con la más baja penetración Internet. Peor que en Haiti !!!

omnizonafranca.blogspot.com

Rafel Campoamor

 

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