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Cuentapropismo cubano - Small Business in Cuba

Small businesses, especially individual "cuentapropistas," are taking off, very much on everyone's mind, even those of revolutionary activists who see them as tools they can use in a socially conscious way. Money has been pouring in from Miami for some years to finance B&Bs ("casa particular), beauty salons, restaurants ("paladares"), and a host of enterprises. Since Miami is mostly white, the businesses are too, although there are those who would deny that. Given that 90% of Cuban Americans appear white, how could it be otherwise? And it is easy enough to look at businesses in Cuba, to see that mostly they are in the hands of white Cubans.

The government has been promoting small business, but lacks experience and is therefore having to run pilot projects and experiment. Cuba wants to go in this direction, but on its own terms, naturally enough.

Recent changes in US regulations (April, 2016)

Naturally, the US government views small business as a cornerstone of capitalism and their wedge topic into Cuba. It did not turn out that way in China, but such are the imaginings of ideology. The Obama administration did make a major change in the rules, allowing US persons and companies to hire Cubans who are independent contractors (eg do not work for the government). According to Treasury insiders speaking off the record, this is likely to continue under Trump, as it benefits US businesses.

Section 515.582: Authorized Importations Into the United States From Independent Cuban Entrepreneurs, also deals with services.

The State Department's Section 515.582 List, 4/22/2016  [Version español]

"In accordance with the policy changes announced by the President on December 17, 2014, to further engage and empower the Cuban people, Section 515.582 of the Cuban Assets Control Regulations (31 CFR Part 515 – the CACR) authorizes the importation into the United States of certain goods and services produced by independent Cuban entrepreneurs as determined by the State Department as set forth on the Section 515.582 List, below. [The entrepreneur cannot also work for any Cuban government entity.]

...The goods whose import is authorized by Section 515.582 are goods produced by independent Cuban entrepreneurs, as demonstrated by documentary evidence, that are imported into the United States, except for goods specified in the following sections/chapters of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTS).

...The authorized services pursuant to 31 CFR 515.582 are services supplied by an independent Cuban entrepreneur in Cuba, as demonstrated by documentary evidence. Persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction engaging in import transactions involving services supplied by an independent Cuban entrepreneur pursuant to § 515.582 are required to obtain documentary evidence that demonstrates the entrepreneur’s independent status, such as a copy of a license to be self-employed issued by the Cuban government or, in the case of an entity, evidence that demonstrates that the entrepreneur is a private entity that is not owned or controlled by the Cuban government. Supply of services must comply with other applicable state and federal laws."

The Cuban contractor needs to provide documentary evidence they are independent, eg do not work for the government. This is typically a cuentapropista license but can be some other document.
   

IT/Software/Communications/Infrastructure

One of the more rapidly developing sectors:

Cuba’s nascent tech industry is growing fast  3/11/2017 Salon: "Last year, computer engineer Bernardo Romero González came up with an idea to develop an online ordering system that allows people outside of Cuba to pay for gifts purchased from local Cuban businesses to be delivered to friends and relatives on the island. “This platform helps other entrepreneurs in Cuba to grow their market,” Romero told Salon. “Businesses in Cuba are limited to their town or city because they don’t have access to e-commerce. This creates the financial platform that allows them to put their products on the Internet.”"

Cuba has ‘largest pool of untapped IT talent in the Americas’  2/27/2017 Miami Herald: "The people working in the Bacardí building probably also work for Cuban state enterprises, McIntire told el Nuevo Herald. “The government is fully aware that those are programmers working for foreign companies. They are in the stage of allowing it, but not promoting it,” he said."

Cuba Is Headed for a Tech Revolution  1/13/2017 Tech.co: "With the passing of Fidel Castro, and his brother Raul poised to retire soon, it is entirely possible that Cuba will shift into a vibrant, Internet-enabled economic engine. These events will bring the island nation into focus as free markets and technology emerge as potential replacements for an ideology that has for too long failed to address poor economic performance."

Chinese Investor Plans Computer Factory in Cuba  12/29/2016 Cuba Journal: "This factory will reportedly produce both 8-inch and 10-inch tablets, and will also produce laptops running sixth-generation Intel processors. Researchers from Cuba's academic institutions will work on the development of an operating system and software."

China's Haier Group will manufacture low-end tablets and laptops in Cuba  12/28/2016 The Internet in Cuba: "However, there has been a major shift in manufacturing technology since "made in Japan" meant low-end products -- assembly work is now heavily automated and will be more so in the future. I wonder how many Cubans will be employed in this factory and what sorts of jobs they will have."

From A Brief History of the Black Panther Party. Its Place in the Black Liberation Movement  6/1/1995 World History Archives: By Sundiata Acoli, a comrade of Assata who still remains in jail in 2017 at 80 years of age. He lists some of the problems the BPP encountered, including this item:

"Failure to Organize Economic Foundations in Community: The BPP [Black Panther Party] preached socialist politics. They were anti-capitalist and this skewered their concept of building economic foundations in the community. They often gave the impression that to engage in any business enterprise was to engage in capitalism and they too frequently looked with disdain upon the small-business people in the community. As a result the BPP built few businesses which generated income other than the Black Panther newspaper, or which could provide self-employment to its membership and to people in the community. The BPP failed to encourage the Black community to set up its own businesses as a means of building an independent economic foundation which could help break "outsiders" control of the Black community's economics, and move it toward economic self-reliance."

 

Articles/Artículostop

Starting a business in Cuba is more difficult for entrepreneurs of African descent  5/3/2017 Miami Herald: "Among the obstacles encountered by the Afro-Cuban population to launch a private business is the lack of start-up capital. Houses for rent on tourist circuits are mostly owned by whites, and that population also receives more remittances from relatives who live abroad. According to Baruch College professor Katrink Hansing, about 90 percent of Cuban Americans are “phenotypically white.”"

Havana's small business boom exposes a stark racial divide  4/5/2017 PRI: "Harvard’s Alejandro de la Fuente said the lack of black business owners is leading to a stark economic divide between white and black Cubans, something the socialist government worked hard to erase. He thinks the Cuban government should step in. “You could concentrate development funds in some of the poorest areas of the city so residents in those areas could use public funds to launch their own businesses,” de la Fuente said. He said that small business owners also need to focus on hiring Afro Cubans. “You could look at the possibility of establishing labor policies that make sure that the emergent private sector actually is open to and forced to incorporate and hire people of African descent.”

Cuba’s nascent tech industry is growing fast  3/11/2017 Salon: "Last year, computer engineer Bernardo Romero González came up with an idea to develop an online ordering system that allows people outside of Cuba to pay for gifts purchased from local Cuban businesses to be delivered to friends and relatives on the island. “This platform helps other entrepreneurs in Cuba to grow their market,” Romero told Salon. “Businesses in Cuba are limited to their town or city because they don’t have access to e-commerce. This creates the financial platform that allows them to put their products on the Internet.”"

Boulder company helps Cuba catch up in the tech race  3/7/2017 NBC: "A good laugh can be a great cure for a lack of creativity. That's why you'll hear plenty of it at Boomtown Accelerator in Boulder. Jose Vieitez, the co-founder, helps startups fine tune their software, business strategy and other elements essential to a successful business."

Miami Herald Cites Nearshore Americas for Cuba Tech Talent Research  3/7/2017 Near Shores America: "The Miami Herald has cited Nearshore Americas for its research on Cuba’s hidden technology talent pool, explaining how foreign multinationals are silently sourcing skilled software professionals on the island. (The article appeared on the front page of the Herald, last Friday, March 3, 2017.) The news daily said Cuba could be home to the largest pool of untapped IT talent in the Americas, adding that the communist government has given “tacit permission” for programmers to work for U.S. companies."

Preparing for a business career in Cuba takes persistence  3/2/2017 Miami Herald: "One of the biggest challenges in running a private tech venture in Cuba is getting the spare parts to operate the repair operation. “We decided to buy old laptops, broken laptops so we could get the screws and hardware needed to make repairs,” Puente said. “We learned how to do maintenance on motherboards to extend their lives.”

Cuba tech startups land in Boulder for a Boomtown-style training  3/1/2017 Daily Camera: "Under the guidance of the Washington, D.C.-based Cuba Emprende Foundation, a cadre of young Cuban startup CEOs has arrived in Boulder to undergo a two-week intensive program on product design, finance, digital marketing and anything else Boulder's hyper-active startup community can throw at them."

Más de 220 cuentapropistas acusados por evasión fiscal; condenas de 5 años de cárcel  2/27/2017 Café Fuerte: "Fernández comentó que también se aplicaron “más de 300 acciones contra quienes ejercen ilegalmente una actividad por cuenta propia, lo cual conlleva a una presunción de deuda por el período de tiempo estimado de trabajo y multas con el máximo rigor”."

Cuba has ‘largest pool of untapped IT talent in the Americas’  2/27/2017 Miami Herald: "The people working in the Bacardí building probably also work for Cuban state enterprises, McIntire told el Nuevo Herald. “The government is fully aware that those are programmers working for foreign companies. They are in the stage of allowing it, but not promoting it,” he said."

In Cuba Most Small Businesses Are Still Illegal  2/17/2017 Havana Times: "Mairim is a chemical engineer and after having started up her job agency, she has studied legal and economic issues. “In fact, I’m taking a small business management course.” In spite of her interest and the tried-and-tested usefulness of her business venture, what she’s doing isn’t allowed. Like a kind of legal lifeline, she has taken out a license as a “Collector-payer” and wants to present a “new activity project” to include what she really does to the Ministry of Labor and Social Security, “let’s see if they accept it.”"

Raúl Diago, de estrella mundial a empresario  1/24/2017 El Toque: "Catalogado como el mejor pasador del mundo del voleibol en los años 90, Raúl Diago perteneció a una generación que sacó muchos suspiros y más de una lágrima a la afición cubana. Luego de que salio "o lo sacaron" de la Federación Cubana de Voleibol, Diago ya había sentado las bases para su retiro. Y nos cuenta su historia."

How to Define Cuba's Private Sector  1/23/2017 Cuba Journal: "The Cuban private sector currently includes three primary components that are authorized by the Cuban government: (1) self-employed entrepreneurs known as cuentapropistas, (2) agricultural cooperatives and private farmers, and (3) nonagricultural cooperatives."

La Salchipizza cubana  12/28/2016 Marti Noticias: "Los jóvenes emprendedores en Cuba han sacado provecho de la debacle económica que existe en la mayor de las Antillas. Este es el caso de Alberto González, graduado como cocinero internacional que hoy se ha independizado y nos expone su iniciativa."

Testimonio: Cubano que soñaba con montar la Salchi-Pizza en La Habana  12/24/2016 Enganche Cubano: video

“Ones to Watch” for Cuba Tech  10/13/2016 The New Cuba: "If you had been really dialed into the scene before arriving to Cuba, you would have been tipped off to a cool restaurant app called Alamesa, which lists 900 restaurants with addresses, phone numbers and reviews — and it works brilliantly offline. Game-changer. Who is the creator of this app? His name is Ariel Causa Menendez, and this week, the young Cuban was awarded for his invention by the recent 10X10KCuba contest along with 9 of his industry peers in a competition that sought to select the 10 most promising Tech startups in Cuba today."

Barbara’s Fashion an Afro-Cuban Led Project  9/10/2016 Havana Times: "The Barbara’s Fashion Project, led by Afro-descendant Cuban women entrepreneurs in Cojimar, Havana, advances in the first phase of its program, despite the precarious situation of its resources. The group is currently working on new designs with an eye towards a public fashion show in the future. We spoke with Terry Deyni Abreu, a lawyer and designer and the project’s director."

IT Outsourcers, Get Ready for the Castro Dividend  8/17/2016 Nearshore Americas: "Yet, beyond the allure of Cuba’s shabby-chic hotels and the prospect of improving the island’s decrepit roads, there is an even greater prize for investors with vision: Cuba possesses immense STEM talent. Today, physicians, thousands of whom are sent abroad to friendly countries in exchange for foreign aid to Havana, are probably the most prominent part of this group, but this is only one segment. There are tens of thousands of IT professionals on the island."

What do Cuban entrepreneurs stand to win from closer US Cuba relations?  8/1/2016 Cuba Counterpoints: "At this point, even if the government facilitates direct relations between the self-employed and foreign businesses, it will remain to be seen how many independent entrepreneurs become actual company owners. Many of these entrepreneurs have been able to stay in business only because their ability to operate within the production and price-regulating features of the informal and underground economies (which are economies geared toward survival, focusing on short-term objectives and low-level investments)."

17 Things You Need to Know Before Doing Business in Cuba  5/30/2016 Entrepreneur 

Cuba legalises small and medium private businesses  5/25/2016 BBC: "The government currently allows self-employment in several hundred job categories from restaurant owners to hairdressers. The Cuban economy has been stimulated by many of these becoming small businesses and employing other workers. The latest reforms were published in a 32-page document detailing the party's plan for economic development, and approved by Congress."

Cuba Moves to Legalize Small- and Medium-Size Businesses  5/24/2016 WSJ: "Cuba’s government said it would move to legalize thousands of small- and medium-size businesses that have sprung up in recent years, a step that could encourage more entrepreneurship in the hemisphere’s lone communist country."

Grand Ambitions: Cuban Coders Looking to Energize a Nascent Startup Scene With First Regular Meetups  5/6/2016 Huff Post: "But an ambitious group of young Cuban programmers wants to change that and is trying to energize the island’s technology entrepreneurs by organizing its first tech meetup. Alex Medina, a 35-year-old coder from Camaguey, and a group of friends have started the Merchise Startup Circle and hope to hold the first meeting later this month in Havana. The ultimate goal, according to Medina, is to garner enough interest for regular, monthly meetings on the island."

From Italy to Centro Habana: The Story of SalchiPizza  4/24/2016 Havana Times: "In Italy, Alberto won the Bronze Medal for International High Cuisine (2007) and the Golden Spoon and Silver Fork awards (2009). He was the first Cuban chef to obtain the distinguished Michelin Star and remained in the Michelin Guide for 3 years. He didn’t maintain this status because it entailed far too much effort and ended up being stressful. Any of these awards would make it easy for Alberto find work at any first-rate restaurant in the world."

17 Things You Need to Know Before Doing Business in Cuba  3/30/2016 Entrepreneur: "In advance of our AngelSummit Americas, we sat down with Cuba Emprende Chairman John McIntire and Ramphis Castro, a VC at ScienceVest and co-organizer of Startup Weekend Cuba, plus several Cuban founders to uncover what we need to know."

Comparing Cuba and the USA through Obama  3/23/2016 Havana Times: "Has the State come to us and said “come, we’re going to help you”, “come, you can buy your products here”? Yesterday, the man who has to do with everything related to rum in the country was asked if the owners of private restaurants and coffee shops could purchase rum at wholesale prices [since under the current situation they have to buy by the bottle at retail prices]. You have to sell drinks at 6 CUC. That’s totally disrespectful, considering State establishments sell it at 2 CUC. He said they were trying and, since they always say that, that’s why we spoke with Obama. I think and I’ve always said to you that we have to solve Cuba’s problems ourselves. We’re grateful to Obama and I’m grateful for the opportunity of being there. You’ll see the private and State sectors will be able to work together when there’s a wholesale market. Now, everyone says the private sector is better than the State sector. Draw your own conclusions."

Cubans are online and hustling despite restrictions and censorship  3/23/2016 Huck Magazine: "Despite tight controls, the internet has been essential in allowing Zenaida’s small business to thrive. The web has created a platform for her to target international tourists through sites like Airbnb, and with a connection in the house she could beat the competition by responding faster than her competitors. The constant access also meant she could with a Dutch website designer to make herself a site – with the capability of taking bookings and advance payments online, a significant achievement given U.S. restrictions on banking to Cuba complicate these types of transaction."

Stripe to allow Cuban nationals to set up a U.S. business entity, bank account, and more  3/18/2016 Business Wire: "The basic infrastructure for starting an internet business in Cuba is nearly nonexistent. The country's internet penetration is among the lowest in the world, with less than 4% of the population online today. In addition, the financial rails aren't in place to transact with markets outside of Cuba. Hardly anyone has a credit card, so Cubans can't pay -- or more importantly, get paid -- for things available online to billions of people around the world. Despite these challenges in their local market, more than 70% of Cubans surveyed recently said they wanted to start their own business. Stripe Atlas will now allow entrepreneurs to set up an online business and expand beyond Cuban borders to sell to customers anywhere in the world."

Cuba’s Tech and Startup Scenes – on the Verge of Connection  2/3/2016 Cuba Journal: "A little known facet of Cuban society is that they are believed to be the best-educated in Latin America, with the island nation graduating more than 4,000 IT engineers annually. Education, aspiration, a changing political and economic landscape."

Startup Weekend Havana, oportunidad para el emprendimiento en Cuba  11/10/2015 On Cuba: "Al primer Startup Weekend Havana llegaron jóvenes emprendedores de La Habana, algunos desarrolladores, especialistas en marketing, programadores, diseñadores, todos con la idea de aportar y vivir un momento único y naciente en Cuba. Desde el viernes en la tarde el Hotel Panorama fue espacio de consultas, de intercambio y sala de trabajo de los ocho equipos seleccionados para presentar un proyecto final de startups."

Startup Weekend Havana, opportunity for entrepreneurship in Cuba  11/9/2015 On Cuba: "At the first Startup Weekend Havana came young entrepreneurs from Havana, some developers, marketing specialists, programmers, designers, all with the idea of ??contributing and living a unique and nascent moment in Cuba. From Friday afternoon the Panorama Hotel was a space of consultation, exchange and work room of the eight teams selected to present a final project of startups."

“You Have To Eat A Bread That Has Dignity”  9/4/2015 14 y medio: "Why did you return to Cuba? Alberto Gonzalez. For the values ??we are losing and because of the poor diet on the island. We Cubans eat anything. I think to open a business in a place as central as this, 562 Infanta Street between Valle and Zapata, I can help rescue those values, that culinary tradition that we have always had. A Cuban child today doesn’t know what an apple is, what bread tastes like… they only know what pizza is, or a hamburger."

Un pan nuestro para cada día en Centro Habana (+ Video y Fotos)  7/14/2015 Cubadebate: "No hay secretos en esta panadería. Los maestros y aprendices elaboran la masa frente a los golosos clientes, el horno se abre a la vista, las 14 variedades de pan están al alcance de la mano. Es Salchipizza, una pequeña empresa no estatal ubicada en el Corazón de Centro Habana —Infanta #562, entre Zapata y Valle— donde cada pieza horneada tiene historia."

“Ave Fenix”: supporting entrepreneurship in Cuba  6/18/2015 OnCuba: "We want to encourage entrepreneurship in the black and mixed blood people in Cuba to promote small business creation and implementation of self-employment within the existing legal framework in the country, taking into account the new Foreign Investment Law. We are trying to manage resources to motivate people and related entities interested in making low-interest loans to these economic activities and / or in the form of grants."

Cuba’s Web Entrepreneurs Search for U.S. Clients, and Reliable Wi-Fi  6/10/2015 NYT: "And ever since the United States in February authorized Americans to import goods and services from Cuban entrepreneurs for the first time in half a century, they have their eyes on America as well."

PANADERIA "SALCHIPIZZA"....  4/27/2015 Barrio de Cuba: "En Italia, obtuvo la Medalla de Bronce en Artística de Cocina Internacional (2007), Cuchara de Oro y Tenedor de Plata (2009). Fue el primer Chef cubano en obtener la importante distinción Estrella Michelín, y permaneció 3 años en la guía Michelín. No la mantuvo porque implicaba demasiado esfuerzo y llegaba a ser estresante. Pero cualquiera de estos premios le permitiría a Alberto encontrar trabajo en cualquier restaurante de primera línea en el mundo."

Opportunity Knocks at Cuba's Door  4/3/2015 #CubaNow: "Following last month’s news that direct calls between the U.S. and Cuba would resume for the first time in years, another entry into the Cuban marketplace stands to boost Cuban entrepreneurs in a major way. Airbnb, a U.S.-based website that allows people to rent their homes, announced this week that they would be expanding into Cuba. As we write in today’s blog post, this move is bigger than you might think: “One of the other more positive effects is the increased demand this will create for expanding Internet service in Cuba. While some might have initially scoffed at the idea of a streaming service like Netflix expanding to the Island, services like these will better allow Americans to engage with the Cuban people while building pressure for the kinds of investments that will bring Cuba into the 21st century."

Cuba’s Tech Start-up Sector: ‘People Are Hungry to Work’  2/24/2015 Wharton: "Even in university, when he finally had access to the Internet, Pimienta, now 27, was limited to 20 megabytes per month of data — a small fraction of what fits on a thumb drive today. Yet, in 2013 when PayPal hosted its first-ever global hackathon competition in San Jose, Calif., with a $100,000 purse, Pimienta and two partners placed third for developing a peer-to-peer lending app called LoanPal."

CUBAN ENTREPRENEURS CAN SELL EVERYTHING FROM SHOES TO SOAP IN THE UNITED STATES  2/23/2015 The Cuban Economy: "The State Department says its new rules will encourage private Cuban entrepreneurs to develop products for export. While all live animals and animal products are prohibited, raw hides, skins, leather, furs, saddlery and harnesses, handbags, and travel goods are allowed. So are paper products, plastics and rubber articles, ceramics, glass and glassware, articles of stone, plaster and cement; footwear, hats, umbrellas, toys and games, artificial flowers and feathers. Independent entrepreneurs who make soap, cosmetics, candles, waxes and polishes, perfume or photographic or cinematographic goods are also in the clear. Jewelry makers, including those who work with pearls and precious and semiprecious stones, also got a green light as did producers of cutlery and tools."

Cuentapropistas Refuse to be Deterred  9/17/2014 #CubaNow: "On Monday, an EFE article told the story of how gyms, bars, mobile phone repair shops, real estate, gift stores, photo studios and party organizers are sprouting up as independent small family businesses throughout the island. The article explains that the entrepreneurs behind these businesses are refusing to be deterred by the constraints and arbitrary restrictions imposed by the Cuban regime on ‘cuentapropistas.’ Not only that, but niche businesses like promotions, mobile phone apps, and IT support are all growing to provide services to this sector. As I argued in my op-ed for Diario De Cuba last week, while Castro’s government continues to find ways to tighten its own embargo over the Cuban people, we should be doing everything we can to expand the flow of contacts and resources from the American private sector to all driven and hard-working entrepreneurs, not just those with family abroad."

Cuba's Women Entrepreneurs Are On The Rise  8/29/2014 #CubaNow: "Cuba’s private entrepreneurs, or “cuentapropistas”, are focused on solving everyday problems. An impressive 29% of small businesses in the Island are run or operated by women who are transforming their own lives and their local communities. When compared to the 37% of businesses run by women worldwide, this emerging sector shows how entrepreneurship is becoming an increasingly important part of the Cuban reality today--one President Obama and Congress should allow all Americans to support."

In Communist Cuba, the Tax Man Cometh  11/28/2012 MSNBC: "A sliding scale income tax - from 15 percent for earnings of more than 10,000 pesos (about $400) annually, to 50 percent for earnings of over 50,000 pesos, (about $2,000) - adopted in 1994, remains in the new code for the self-employed, small businesses and farms, but it also includes a series of new deductions to stimulate their work."

Import tax deadline has Cuba entrepreneurs on edge  9/1/2012 Miami Herald: "A sudden jump in import taxes on Monday threatens to make life tougher for some of Cuba's new entrepreneurs and will mean higher prices for many of their customers by raising the cost of goods ranging from jungle-print blouses to jewelry. The new measures steeply hike duties on cargo shipments, as well as on many bulk goods brought in by airline passengers, a crucial supply line for many of the small businesses the government has been trying to encourage as it cuts a bloated workforce in the socialist economy."

Cuba Woman’s Small Business Secret  9/5/2011 Havana Times: by Yusimi Rodriguez

Hair Salons and Barber Shops Going Coop  4/13/2010 Ethno Cuba: "According to recent news, selected hair salons and barber shops in Havana are undergoing an experiment in management and administration. Unlike in the 1990s, these are not self-employed professionals who are allowed to run small businesses out of their home. These are tiny state shops (sitting three max) that are being turned to their employees who then run them autonomously. They must pay a rent (in hard currency) to the state as well as taxes, and obtain their supplies on their own, presumably at free market prices. They can then set prices according to supply and demand. Apparently, participation in this pilot program has been voluntary, and workers who did not want to be autonomous have been able to switch jobs with those who did at other salons."

Cuba liberalises barber shops and beauty salons  4/13/2010 BBC: "All barbers and hairdressers in shops with three seats or fewer will be allowed to rent the space and pay taxes instead of getting a monthly wage. The retail sector has long been derided for poor service and rampant theft. The country's former President, Fidel Castro, nationalised all small businesses in 1968."

Cuba's economic fate up in air  8/28/2006 USA Today: "Kirby Jones, president of the U.S.-Cuba Trade Association, says Canada and European nations have more than 300 joint ventures with Cuba in telecommunications, oil and energy, mining, port management and other sectors. "This is not the Cuba of old, when everything was under Soviet Union domination," he says. "This is a brand new version, a mixture of capitalism and socialism." Raul Castro could continue in that direction, some economists and scholars say. Initially, he might unveil small, cosmetic reforms to polish Cuba's image and win over his people. He might let Cubans start thousands of small businesses in trade, agriculture and tourism, as the Castros allowed in the mid-1990s. One scenario: Cuba copies China, a blend of authoritarian state control, manufacturing, mass-market consumerism and high-tech development. "At best, Raul will try the mini-China model," says Antonio Gayoso of the Association for the Study of the Cuban Economy and a former economist in Cuba's finance ministry. "At worst, he and the military will continue the repressive control they have now.""

Government denies private repairmen access to faulty appliances  9/12/2005 CubaNet: "The Commerce Department has destroyed dozens of faulty refrigerators, televisions sets, washing machines and air conditioners rather than permit them to be sold, repaired and marketed by private sector entrepreneurs, according to an eye witness. Because of defects, the appliances, all imported, were removed from stores which sell merchandise for foreign currency and taken to an area in Wajay, on the outskirts of Havana, and impacted by heavy equipment for their value as recycled metal."

Target: Castro's Cuba. Victim: Small Business  5/4/2004 Hispanic Business: "What Common Ground and other travel agencies specializing in travel to Cuba didn't anticipate is that, with its victory in hand, the Bush Administration didn't just tighten up. It came down hard, sledgehammer-style."

A Brief History of the Black Panther Party. Its Place in the Black Liberation Movement  6/1/1995 World History Archives: By Sundiata Acoli, from the Sundiata Acoli Freedom Campaign, 1995 

Cuba Emprede

proyectocubaemprende.org - Un proyecto del Arzobispado de La Habana

www.facebook.com/proyectocubaemprende

www.cubaemprendefoundation.org  - CEF supports the Catholic Church of Cuba's Proyecto Cuba Emprende.

www.facebook.com/CubaEmprendeFoundation

www.tinker.org/content/proyecto-cuba-emprende

 

Cuba Emprede

Monochromatic, in a country with a majority black population...  from proyectocubaemprende.org
 

Links/Enlaces top

www.mtss.cu/empleo-trabajoporcuentapropia - Ministerio de Trabajo y Seguridad

Gaceta Official de Cuba, 26 de sept, 2013 - Cuentapropismo, PDF

Cuba y negocios

www.cubaoutsource.com - Cuba, Chile, US

www.cubazon.com/test/  - Expected to go live before the end of the year, Cubazon will process credit-card payments outside of Cuba and then wire money through the same network used by Cubans abroad to send money to relatives back home to pay the local Cuban business, such as a flower shop or bakery, to make and deliver the gift.

Recharge cellphones in Cuba  - www.fonoma.com

www.kehaypahoy.com

Publicidad en Cuba: Kewelta
www.facebook.com/KeweltaPromo/

blog.kewelta.com

www.merchise.com
support for startups

www.ninjacuba.com - El red de profesionales de Cuba

The State Department's Section 515.582 List, 4/22/2016 Provides the regulatory support for hiring independent Cuban contractors.    [Version español]

"In accordance with the policy changes announced by the President on December 17, 2014, to further engage and empower the Cuban people, Section 515.582 of the Cuban Assets Control Regulations (31 CFR Part 515 – the CACR) authorizes the importation into the United States of certain goods and services produced by independent Cuban entrepreneurs as determined by the State Department as set forth on the Section 515.582 List, below. [The entrepreneur cannot also work for any Cuban government entity.]

...The goods whose import is authorized by Section 515.582 are goods produced by independent Cuban entrepreneurs, as demonstrated by documentary evidence, that are imported into the United States, except for goods specified in the following sections/chapters of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTS).

...The authorized services pursuant to 31 CFR 515.582 are services supplied by an independent Cuban entrepreneur in Cuba, as demonstrated by documentary evidence. Persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction engaging in import transactions involving services supplied by an independent Cuban entrepreneur pursuant to § 515.582 are required to obtain documentary evidence that demonstrates the entrepreneur’s independent status, such as a copy of a license to be self-employed issued by the Cuban government or, in the case of an entity, evidence that demonstrates that the entrepreneur is a private entity that is not owned or controlled by the Cuban government. Supply of services must comply with other applicable state and federal laws."

 

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