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African Americans & Cuba

“Skin color alone is not enough to bind a people together. We need to find cultural ties. We have to find ways to make that happen,” said Dr. Marvin Dunn, who authored “Black Miami in the Twentieth Century.” Understanding Afro-Cubans  2/4/2015 Miami Times

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African-American Artists and Abstraction
exhibit in Havana, 2014

African Americans & Cuba in the News

Artists from Los Angeles collaborate with Cubans for exhibit that will come to Miami  3/29/2017 ABC: "Women's rituals of Vodou and Santeria intrigue Shaina Lynn Simmons. She said black women in New Orleans and Havana have plenty in common. The CalArts Center for New Performance graduate student from New Orleans said she finds the strong cultural resistance during the African diaspora fascinating. The actress is working on "Afro Futuro," a collaboration with Cubans that she described as "a photo, video and live performance installation that explores the mythologies and realities of black women and Afro-Cuban women.""

In memoriam: Professor Mark Sawyer, a champion for access and diversity  3/28/2017 UCLA: "His first book, “Racial Politics in Post-Revolutionary Cuba,” published by Cambridge University Press in 2006, earned critical acclaim and garnered major prizes in his field, including the Ralph J. Bunche Award from the American Political Science Association and the W. E. B. DuBois Award from the National Conference of Black Political Scientists."

Cuba Caribe Festival  3/28/2017 SF Chronicle: "The 13th Cuba Caribe Festival of Caribbean dance and music, which runs nine days from Thursday, March 30, to April 7, will include seven world premieres, master classes, film screenings, lectures and celebrations at Brava Theater and Museum of the African Diaspora. The theme of this year’s festival is “Manos De Mujeres,” and it will look at the role of women in our society — a fitting topic. Thursday’s opening-night panel discussion is called “Movers and Shakers: Bay Area Women Making a Difference in the Arts.” "

Everybody Wants To Be A Bruja But They Ain’t Really Bout That Life  3/6/2017 Negra with Tumbao: "… there’s a certain amount of accountability and responsibility that comes with being a “witch” and I can assure you that it isn’t always pretty. Typically, witches were the first to be killed when Europeans invaded Africa."

To the Memory of Malcolm X: Fifty Years After His Assassination  2/21/2017 Black Agenda Report: "Malcolm X was prominent among a large layer of Black intellectuals and activists including W.E.B. DuBois, LeRoi Jones (later known as Amiri Baraka), Robert F. Williams, William Worthy and many others who welcomed and defended the Cuban Revolution, which was coming under increasing US attack."

NY event celebrates life of Cuban revolutionary leader Fidel Castro  2/20/2017 The Militant: "Hundreds of people packed the Malcolm X and Dr. Betty Shabazz Cultural Center here in Harlem Feb. 4 to celebrate the life and political contributions of Cuban revolutionary leader Fidel Castro, who died Nov. 25."

African Roots of Cuban Culture  2/17/2017 Center for Cuban Studies: "This exciting trip takes you across country where you’ll see much of the lovely island. Starting in the northeast, then traveling south and west across the country to explore how African customs, religion and people have contributed to la cubanía. You’ll meet artists, dancers, musicians, as well as learn about Santería and other religious practices. You’ll learn about the influence of religious iconography, and the significance it plays in the country and how these elements have survived throughout the years. You’ll meet and interact with scholars, artists, researchers, and writers who have dedicated their work to researching Cuba’s African roots and visit landmarks in Afro-Cuban history."

Black soldiers focus of Virginia War Museum display  2/15/2017 Daily Press: "Take the Spanish-American War. The 1898 conflict in Cuba and the Philippines lacked the grand scale of the two world wars that would follow. Still, African-American troops distinguished themselves and deserved a greater share of the praise for one famous battle. A new corner display at the War Museum pays homage to those "Buffalo Soldiers" of the Spanish-American War. Its centerpiece is a rare uniform tunic."

Talking about race: Davidson College professor discusses complexities of ethnic issues in Cuba  2/8/2017 Grand Valley Lanthorn: "Spence Benson said this colorblind, ‘raceless’ attitude was appropriated from the 19th century and had been used to negate individuals’ experiences with racism in the past. “That same ideology has been used to silence black activists when they tried to speak up,” Spence Benson said. “How radical can ‘racelessness’ be if it’s been used to silence Afro-Cubans who spoke up for themselves?”"

Residents of Harlem NY Pay Tribute to Fidel Castro  2/6/2017 PL: "Cuban Permanent Representative at the United Nations Anayansi Rodriguez expressed gratitude here for the tribute paid by New Yorkers to revolutionary leader Fidel Castro in Harlem. ‘The whole work of his life, dedicated to forge that better world we believe is possible, multiplies on you, in your firm solidarity with Cuba, and reaffirms our commitment to being faithful to the legacy of Fidel,’ Rodriguez said at the event, held at the Malcolm X and Dr. Betty Shabazz Memorial and Educational Center."

A Film Series Honors Black Women Directors  1/27/2017 NYT: "Like any good revolutionary, [Sara] Gómez doesn’t mince words: When she discusses patriarchy, she brings out the literal wrecking ball. She isn’t always subtle, but her approach in “One Way or Another” is complex and pleasurably dialectical."

SCHOOL BOARD MEMBER GALLON SALUTES THE ARTS VIA RECOGNITION OF CURRENT MIAMI-DADE COUNTY PUBLIC SCHOOL STUDENTS AND ALUMNI INVOLVED THE CRITICALLY-ACCLAIMED FILM ‘MOONLIGHT’  1/25/2017 Blogging Black Miami: "Miami-Dade County School Board Member Dr. Steve Gallon III will present an agenda item and resolution at the Board’s upcoming monthly meeting recognizing several current and former students who were involved in the critically-acclaimed film, ‘Moonlight’ that chronicles the life of a young Black male from childhood to adulthood as he struggles to find his place in the world while growing up in Miami’s renowned Liberty City neighborhood."

Cuba, America, Black Fine Lines, Magic Mind and the Real: The Spiritual Renaissance of Jules Arthur in Cuba  1/7/2017 Huff Post: "As Cuba was my number one destination, I just went on the journey of my dreams. Cuba represents my thirst for historical crossroads that had huge impacts on world history when people set out for new lands. To answer the question “what was I looking for?” Cuba excites every nerve I possess about diving deep into rich roots and culture. There is a notion that states artists have a duty to speak about his or her times."

How Oscar Favorite ‘Moonlight’ Subtly Illuminates the Erasure of Miami’s Black Cubans  1/6/2017 Remezcla:  “Lotta black folks in Cuba but you wouldn’t know it from being here [in Miami].” Juan is referring to the fact that black Cubans tend to be invisible in Miami, and in the United States in general, their voices and experiences drowned out by the very vocal and largely white, anti-communist exile community."

BMe Community Giving Away Over A Quarter Million Dollars to Black Men Doing Positive Works in the Community  1/3/2017 Blogging Black Miami: "BMe Community wants to reward unsung "Black Men's Genius" in Miami. From now until February 21, black men who share their remarkable stories of creating opportunities for others will have a chance to become BMe Leaders."

PRESUMED CUBAN: African American Tourists Mistaken for Afro Cuban  1/2/2017 African American - Latino World: "Interestingly enough, once Cubans realized that I was not Cuban, whatever racism they initially wanted to exhibit was immediately withheld. And the black Cubans immediately saw me as a well-to-do American first, and a black man second."

Africa in the Americas: Tour Group Explores Cuba's African Roots  12/30/2016 NBC: "Since its founding about a year and a half ago, DiasporaES has focused mainly on Cuba— successfully taking several groups to the island under several of 12 permitted categories that have made it easier for more Americans to travel there."

Reflections from Cubans on Castro (2/2)  12/29/2016 Real News: "James Early and Paul Jay discuss the potential role of independent trade unions in Cuban politics and the future of relations with the US under President Trump"

Danny Glover dialoga con jóvenes cubanos  12/28/2016 Cuba Si 

Reflections from Cubans on Castro (1/2)  12/28/2016 Real News: "Street interviews with Cubans and a conversation with the Smithsonian's James Early about the future of the Caribbean island after the passing of Fidel Castro and a growing US presence "

Danny Glover, James Early, la racialidad y la Casa  12/27/2016 La Ventana: "Danny Glover y James Early desembarcaron en la Casa de las Américas este martes para dialogar sobre las luchas de los afrodescendientes en los nuevos escenarios en Estados Unidos. No obstante, el intercambio, que duró poco más de hora y media, versó también sobre otras temáticas relacionadas con la racialidad, los movimientos sociales en el continente, la solidaridad Cuba- Estados Unidos, el progreso, los derechos civiles y la lucha contra la discriminación y la pobreza en la región. “Conocí sobre la Revolución Cubana a través de los sindicatos donde militaban mis padres, un grupo de afrodescendientes que desde 1959 creían en la posibilidad de conectar sus luchas con las luchas de Cuba y constituir la solidaridad entre mi país y el de ustedes”, refirió el actor norteamericano, quien es uno de los más reconocidos activistas por los derechos de los afrodescendientes en los Estados Unidos y de las minorías en esta nación anglosajona."

Ballet dancer Misty Copeland visits Cuba and talks diversity  12/27/2016 Voice, UK: “There’s this stigma in classical ballet that brown people don’t belong” said Copeland. “And that the rich culture comes from Europe. Americans have created a long history now in classical ballet, and I think … we are not really appreciated or acknowledged, for as long as we’ve been a part of it — including African-Americans.”

Misty Copeland Goes To Cuba And Speaks Ballet With Other Black And Brown Dancers  12/26/2016 Vibe: "In the end, the thing that resonates most with Copeland is partaking in a space filled with black and brown bodies that contort just like hers, if only for the pure love of it. “They’re doing classical ballet here, and they’re doing it really well,” she said."

Cuba-Whats Propaganda, What's True? Racial Histories and Complex Pasts  12/21/2016 Kimberly Miller - Academia: "Much to my dismay, as a black Marxist and strong supporter of the Cuban revolution, I was met by liberals with a fusillade of anti-communist criticism, dismissive anecdotes, accusatory rhetoric toward Castro, as an apparent autocratic despot, a violent, anti black charlatan, a homophobic dictator, and a clear oppressor. Being from south Florida, I am quite aware of the vociferously reactionary mouthpiece of the Cuban exile "gusanos" (pejorative for bourgeois Cubans who opposed the revolution), community that has made a great effort to fund and back initiatives of right-wing political agendas for several decades."

Twin sisters make cigars to celebrate different shades of the AfroCuban diaspora  12/20/2016 Miami Herald: "According to the sisters, most of their business comes from black Americans. Tres Lindas Cubanas, which was named after a Cuban song and translates to three pretty Cuban girls, also serves as homage to the variety of shades of black women across the world and the complexion of the three blends of cigars available through their brand."

Misty Copeland Visits Cuba, Where Brown Ballerinas Are The Norm  12/20/2016 Huff Post: "“There’s this stigma in classical ballet that brown people don’t belong,” Copeland said in a video interview with The Undefeated. “But coming here to Cuba, it’s such a beautiful thing to know the long history of classical dance here, and to see the diversity. And it’s kind of like proving all of those people wrong."

Cubans arrest U.S. human rights lawyer in Havana, activists say  12/17/2016 ABC 10 News: "When Motley was arrested, police officers also arrested punk rock artist Gorki Aguila and Luis Alberto Mariño, a political activist from the group Cuba Decides, according to the Human Rights Foundation."

Misty Copeland En Pointe  12/16/2016 The Undefeated: "The thing Copeland is most vocal about is the lack of diversity in ballet. But being in Cuba was a moment to not stand out. Copeland was surrounded in brown diversity, a far cry from the stridently white world of classical ballet."

The streets and scenes of Misty Copeland’s trip to Havana  12/16/2016 The Undefeated: "I didn’t know what to expect when I stepped on that plane in Miami and walked off when it landed in Cuba, but I do know that it was a lot more than rum and cigars. It was the understanding that sometimes you just have to slow down and cherish the moments. I hope you begin to do just that with these behind-the-scenes images of Misty Copeland’s trip to Cuba."

Guavas, plantains, rum  12/16/2016 The Undefeated: "In truth, we’ve romanticized — and Americanized — what Cuban food is and what it ought to be. If your expectation is to come here and eat roast pork, ham, and cheese-filled sandwiches daily, you’re doing Cuba all wrong. Because in Havana, Cuba’s capital city, there’s amazing ice cream, private home restaurants—aka paladares—with salad bars and robust charcuterie, and there’s great stuff to munch on in Barrio Chino de la Habana."

Misty Copeland  12/16/2016 The Undefeated: " The art and dance and culture is so rich and deeply rooted in the Cuban people that’s it’s hard to just pick one. I wasn’t really expecting to have such an emotional connection and experience, but being at Lizt Alfonso Dance Cuba and seeing part of the company and a lot of the children, it kind of just brought the trip full circle … to connect with the youth, to give them an example, show them the experiences I’ve had through my life’s journey as an African-American, and being a part of classical ballet."

Castro paradoxes can’t be reduced to black, white  12/8/2016 Florida Courier: By Rev Jesse Jackson Jr - "Castro was no saint; the Cuban regime was repressive and wrong-headed about many things. But we shouldn’t view Castro solely from the perspective of those who fled the revolution or of the Cold Warriors and covert operators who spent decades who spent decades trying to bring him down. We won’t understand the perversity of our own policies if we don’t understand why Castro’s leadership is celebrated across much of the world."

Fidel and African Americans  12/7/2016 Amandala, Belize: "This notion that Third World revolutionaries and American civil rights activists were allies in the same essential conflict—that racism and global capitalism were part and parcel of a single oppressive system, presided over by the United States—was a source of tremendous fear in Washington. And the last thing anyone needed was for radical blacks to start getting ideas directly from the Cuban guerrillas”."

Africa in the Americas: Tour Group Explores Cuba’s African Roots  12/4/2016 NBC: "When the United States and Cuba first announced plans to restore diplomatic relations two years ago, Kasara E. Davidson says she and her business partner "hit the ground running" and used their combined 20 years of experience with the island to start Diaspora Enterprise Solutions (DiasporaES)."

Many Blacks applaud Castro legacy of racial equality  12/4/2016 Pittsburgh Courier: "Some of those who fled to Miami “had looted Cuba … and exploited the poor and the working class,” said Riddle, 70, who also teaches media at a Detroit community college. “Now those are the same individuals who have twisted the story to demonize Fidel Castro in death.”

Fidel Castro's Legacy On Race Relations In Cuba And Abroad  12/3/2016 NPR: Interview with Mark Sawyer, UCLA - "I think we need to look at Castro's mistakes of not allowing black pressure groups, not pursuing more rigid anti-discrimination policies as failures, but that he came as close as anybody has ever come to eliminating racial inequality in a place that had had plantation slavery."

African-Americans should stop lionizing Castro as champion of black liberation  12/2/2016 Fusion: by Kimberly R. Lyle. - "My uncles passed down their stories too. One uncle, once a successful chemist, was left homeless and starving after the government punished him for seeking permission to leave the country. Another uncle refused to work sugarcane fields for free. Instead, he hid in the mountains until he could flee the island. A cousin who left Cuba almost a decade ago expressed how angry he was that he had to leave his own country to be a free man."

Revolutionary Road: Navigating Fidel Castro’s Polarizing Legacy  12/2/2016 The Root: An extensive article featuring an interview with AfroCubaWeb columnist, Alberto Jones. Touches on Cuban and Black Cuban relations with Black Americans, as well as the justified execution of Batista torturers and murderers.

Reviewing "African-Americans should stop lionizing Castro as champion of black liberation" by Kimberly R Lyle  12/2/2016 AfroCubaWeb: by Alberto Jones - "Jose Marti, the father of the Cuban nation warned his people with these prophetic words: Ignorance Kills the People. One hundred and fifty years later, I read a hearsay laden article from another born-again Cubanologist, Kimberly Lyle, who has received her information from ultra-right wing Cuban Americans in Miami* and may have read an article or two on Afro Cuba here and there. In addition, she pretends ironically enough to write without basis about my home town Guantanamo!"

To so many Africans, Fidel Castro is a hero. Here’s why  11/30/2016 The Guardian: "A great irony about the reaction to Castro is that many of the same people demanding acknowledgement of his wrongs have never acknowledged that their governments were on the wrong side of history, or sponsored dictatorships in many developing countries."

Lessons from Fidel: Black Lives Matter and the Transition of El Comandante  11/27/2016 Black Lives Matter: "As a Black network committed to transformation, we are particularly grateful to Fidel for holding Mama Assata Shakur, who continues to inspire us. We are thankful that he provided a home for Brother Michael Finney Ralph Goodwin, and Charles Hill, asylum to Brother Huey P. Newton, and sanctuary for so many other Black revolutionaries who were being persecuted by the American government during the Black Power era. We are indebted to Fidel for sending resources to Haiti following the 2010 earthquake and attempting to support Black people in New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina when our government left us to die on rooftops and in floodwaters. We are thankful that he provided a space where the traditional spiritual work of African people could flourish, regardless of his belief system."

Colin Kaepernick clarifies remarks on Fidel Castro  11/27/2016 USA Today: "In the postgame press conference following the 49ers’ 31-24 loss to the Miami Dolphins, Kaepernick was asked about his remarks, which were interpreted by some as a sign of support for the longtime leader of Cuba. "What I said was I agree with the investment in education," Kaepernick said. "I also agree with the investment in free universal health care, as well as the involvement in helping end apartheid in South Africa."

Black Radicals Owe a Great Deal to Fidel Castro  11/26/2016 The Root: "Don Rojas, a longtime activist who was a former press secretary for Grenadian Prime Minister Maurice Bishop, a Marxist revolutionary politically inspired by Castro, remembers this era well in an email comment this afternoon: “His concrete support to the liberation struggles in Southern Africa will go down in the annals of history as one of the most amazing demonstrations of solidarity in modern history.”

Black America and the Passing of Fidel Castro  11/26/2016 Alternet: by Bill Fletcher, Jr. - "For any Black American who knows anything about the history of the Western Hemisphere, both Cuba and Haiti have a special significance. Haiti, of course, for successfully ousting the French in 1803 and forming the second republic in the Americas; a Black republic. Cuba, in 1959, kicked out the USA, the Mafia, and a corrupt ruling class that had enforced racist oppression against most of the Cuban population."

Fidel Castro was an unwavering champion of racial equality  11/26/2016 NY Daily News: "Okay, the media failed supremely in not realizing Americans could elect an empty-headed, knee-jerk liar as President. But, still, I say the greatest media shortcoming of the past half century was not recognizing that Fidel Castro was the most dedicated and powerful proponent of racial justice the world has ever known."

Ohio State students will travel to Cuba  10/28/2016 Johnstown Independent: "As part of a four-week course next May called "Cuba: Race, Revolution and Culture," 15 to 25 students will reside with Cuban families in the capital city of Havana and study Cuban culture firsthand. A group of Ohio State theater students is making a trip to Cuba this December. "This trip will be transformative for our students," said Tiyi Morris, associate professor of African American studies and one of the trip's advisers."

Power of the Black Pen: Afro-Latin Activism in a Digital Age  10/14/2016 Afromodernidades: by Emmanuel Harris II, Ph.D., University of North Carolina Wilmington - "While a few of the Afromodernidades entries are re-posts, such as articles by others that speak to issues relevant to Cuba, many of the entries or profound investigations up to 2000 words in length with references, quotations and a solid theoretical foundation. Without question Alberto Abreu Arcia’s writings merits reading, analysis and inclusion in Afro-Hispanic debate. As we await the publication of his forthcoming book, ¿Puede ser negra la nación? Literatura, raza y modernidad en la Cuba del XIX, we are privy to insight and uplift from Cuba by a Cuban in this digital age."

Film explores Afro-Cuban history  10/5/2016 Golden Gate Express: "At the end of her exchange with the audience, Rolando recommended people engage in real conversations like she had with her grandmother. “In the present, there is too much technology separating people. I don’t know how people fall in love,” Rolando said, eliciting laughter from the audience. “Get close to your elders. It is the biggest treasure you have in life.”"

Miami-Set ‘Moonlight’ is a Heartwrenching Exploration of Gay Black Masculinity With Echoes of Cuba  9/30/2016 Remezcla: "As he teaches Little about life, we learn that Juan is of Cuban descent – an Afro-Cuban character at the heart of a film concerned with what it means to a black man.'

Tulane hosts ‘Dialogo con mi Abuela’ filmmaker  9/26/2016 Student Printz, Tulane: "One particular comment about the grandmother of an audience member and her family’s history led to Rolando answering that this “tribute to her memory in Santa Clara” can be felt universally. She described the memories of her grandmother, the smells of the kitchen and how everyone can be reminded of his or her own grandmother. It is for this specific reason that this is an incredible documentary. Not only does it bring some of Cuba into the lives of its audience, but it also brings the sentiments of the audience’s attention with the relative universality of the positive memories of a grandmother."

Cuba Through a Lens That's Black by Trevon Facey Cuba Through a Lens That's Black by Trevon Facey Cuba Through a Lens That's Black by Trevon Facey  9/19/2016 YouTube 

Usher Wants to Do Something He's Only Played at Before: Confess  9/17/2016 Complex News: "Trailed by flashing camera bulbs and the crowd’s screams, he maneuvers through the ragged streets of Regla, a poor community a short ferry ride from Havana, with his entourage. His own songs play faintly from a blue portable JBL speaker carried by a member of the team. Grace Miguel, Usher’s wife and former manager, says it’s just a thing they like to do: blast music from a portable speaker, even when going out to a restaurant. It’s famous person behavior—a little like marrying your manager. The time is 7:00 p.m. on this warm April day, and Usher’s making a surprise appearance at a block party in the neighborhood."

4 Days in Cuba With Usher  9/17/2016 YouTube / Complex News: "Complex News' Nadeska Alexis spends 4 days with Usher in Havana, Cuba ahead of the release of his 8th album 'Hard II Love.'"

Discovering the African Heartbeat in Cuba  9/2/2016 Essence: "Cuba is a land of contradictions. It's a nation that is largely defined by the descendants of enslaved Africans, yet also a place where those influences are often denied and racism is rarely confronted. Writer Johnica Reed Hawkins traveled to the island to explore the African history, traditions and customs that are integral to Cuba's identity, bringing to light the undeniable impact of black culture on one of the world's most beautiful and fascinating countries."

Seminario de Emancipación Emocional  9/1/2016 Afromodernidades: "Con el apoyo de representación de estas organizaciones fue posible que la Sección de Identidades y Diversidad (SERES) de la Sociedad Cubana de Psicología realizara durante dos días 18 y 19 de agosto de 2016 un seminario con la dirección de la Dra. En Psicología Cheryl Grills ex presidenta de la Asociación Internacional de Psicólogos Negros de Estados Unidos que muestra toda su experiencia en la metodología de trabajo sobre sanación mental y su puesta en práctica para ser aplicada en Cuba en la población afrocubana."

The History Behind Colin Kaepernick's Shirt of Malcolm X and Fidel Castro  8/31/2016 Latina: "While the two never met again, there's no doubt that this was an extremely powerful meeting of the minds. The fact that Kapernick decided to wear a shirt of these two seemingly different leaders coming together and admiring each other's work toward racial equality is super symbolic and inspiring."

Cuban-Americans blast 49ers' Kaepernick for wearing Fidel Castro T-shirt  8/31/2016 Fox News Latino: "In Miami, Jose “Pepe” Hernandez, co-founder of the anti-Castro lobby group Cuban American National Foundation, said to Fox News Latino: “His actions were, at best, tremendously ignorant and irresponsible.”

When Malcolm X Met Fidel Castro  8/30/2016 Slate: "San Francisco 49ers quarterback Colin Kaepernick, who has recently decided not to stand during the national anthem, wore a Malcolm X hat and a T-shirt featuring images of the leader meeting with Fidel Castro at a press conference where he explained his protest."

Colin Kaepernick Is Righter Than You Know: The National Anthem Is a Celebration of Slavery  8/28/2016 The Intercept: "Almost no one seems to be aware that even if the U.S. were a perfect country today, it would be bizarre to expect African-American players to stand for “The Star-Spangled Banner.” Why? Because it literally celebrates the murder of African-Americans."

Celebrado en Cuba seminario de emancipación emocional de afrodescendientes  8/28/2016 Negra Cubana: "La Sección de Identidades y Diversidad (SERES) de la Sociedad Cubana de Psicología realizó el 18 y 19 de agosto de 2016, Fe del Valle” de la Federación de Mujeres Cuba, un seminario para 42 personas afrodescendientes cubanas. El mismo conducido por la Dra. en Psicología Cheryl Grills, ex presidenta de la Asociación Internacional de de Psicólogos Negros de Estados Unidos, tuvo como objetivo la sanación mental de las personas asistentes al mismo. En el nutrido grupo de activistas estuvieron representadas diferentes organizaciones como la Cofradía de la Negritud, el Grupo Afrocubanas, la Alianza Unidad Racial, el Capítulo Cubano de la Articulación Regional Afrodescendiente, la Red Barrial Afrodescendiente, entre otras, debatieron materiales e hicieron prácticas con herramientas de sanación buscando soluciones al impacto psicológico sufrido por la discriminación racial de tantos años."

Emotional Emanipation Circles in Cuba  8/28/2016 Community Healing Network, Inc.: August 2016 Training of Emotional Emancipation Circle Facilitators in Cuba led by Dr. Cheryl Grills.

Activistas antirracistas de Cuba y EE.UU unen esfuerzos  8/22/2016 Genesis Cuba: "La huella del racismo no puede ser borrada, pero se aprende a vivir de manera más plena si se adquieren herramientas para lidiar con la discriminación, afirmaron especialistas en el seminario Emancipación Mental, desarrollado en esta capital. Casi un centenar de activistas antirracistas de Cuba y profesoras y profesores estadounidenses, participaron en las dos jornadas de taller, organizadas por la sección Seres, de la Sociedad Cubana de Psicología y el capítulo cubano de la Articulación Regional Afrodescendiente de América Latina y el Caribe (Araac)."

Reportaje Cultural, Manuel Rivero Glean  8/20/2016 AfroCubaWeb: "Seminario Emancipación Mental, por la Dra. Cheryl Grills, presidenta de Black Psychology Association (BPA), La Habana."

Activistas antirracistas de Cuba y EE.UU unen esfuerzos  8/20/2016 IPS: "“Entregamos la información necesaria para que las personas que lideren los círculos de emancipación mental puedan comenzar su trabajo, pero necesitamos contextualizar las actividades para lograr que sean familiares y parecidas a la vida en Cuba”, precisó la ex-presidenta de Asociación Americana de Psicólogos Negros. “En lugar de utilizar frases, video clips, películas, música y ejemplos de la prensa de otras naciones, todo versará sobre la realidad de este país”, dijo en referencia al texto entregado, que aún no está totalmente traducido al español. Detalló a la Redacción IPS Cuba que han realizado “experiencias similares en Inglaterra, Sudáfrica, Estados Unidos y otros lugares, donde se recupera la historia del racismo y, a su vez, se rescatan las contribuciones de la población negra a la sociedad”."

Valoran en La Habana el decenio afrodescendiente  8/12/2016 Radio Habana: "Asistieron representantes de organizaciones sociales, quiénes valoraron el curso de este decenio afradescendiente, donde participó Cheryl Grills, profesora de sicología en la universidad de Los Angeles en Estados Unidos e integrante de asociaciones negras estadounidenses. Cheryl expresó satisfacciones por su presencia en el encuentro que calificó de fundamental sobre la valoración racial en Cuba, aspecto que tiene sus específicas situaciones en el mundo actual."

Talkin’ with author Devyn Benson about ‘Antiracism in Cuba: The Unfinished Revolution’  8/2/2016 SF Bay View: “Antiracism in Cuba: The Unfinished Revolution” by author and professor Devyn Benson is an impressive study on the history of racism and Black organizing in Cuba prior to the 1959 revolution and right after it. This book is very important because there are very few that I have come across in the U.S. that document Black history on the island as well as exchanges between the Afro-Cuban and U.S. Black communities."

Discovering the African Heartbeat in Cuba  8/2/2016 Essence: "As Cuba's doors open up, I know many Americans will want to come for the cars. But I hope they come for the culture—the Afro-Cuban culture."

Cuban poet Nancy Marejon speaks on Black culture on the island  8/2/2016 SF Bay View: "She talks about Cubanismo and African pride, she talks about contemporary Cuban painters, musicians of the past, Jazz, and more."

Secrets From One Woman's Round-The-World Search For Good Hair  7/26/2016 Forbes: "Begley Bloom: Tell me about Maritza Lopez, whom you met in Cuba. She sounded so inspiring. Do you seek out women like her whenever you travel? Walton: When I’m planning these international excursions, the first thing I do is search for and reach out to non-profit organizations (with a focus on women and children) in the area, as well as natural-haired women in the area. Other than a strong desire to turn up and party with other curly girls, it’s just damn smart to roll with folks that know how to navigate whatever new and strange city you might find yourself in. I found Maritza after connecting with a group of Afro-Cubans on Facebook."

Sometimes, the Diaspora Needs to Have a Seat and Listen  7/11/2016 Ebony: "If we are not careful, our voice can be used to legitimatize what is essentially imperialism in countries we claim to care about. Rather than demand to lead, we have to take our marching orders from the people on the ground themselves and use our access and privilege to help them shape their country and their future."

Compañía neoyorquina de danza actuará en Cuba  7/6/2016 PL: "La compañía Oyu Oro Afro Cuban Experimental Dance Ensemble, radicada en Nueva York pero de origen cubano, se presentará en esta capital y en el oriente del país, anunciaron hoy aquí. Como parte de su temporada de verano, realizará un programa completo con artistas de la danza folclórica en Santiago de Cuba, localidad de donde proviene su directora Danys "la Mora" Pérez."

What does the Fourth of July means to Black America?  7/3/2016 AfroCubaWeb: by Alberto Jones

Arte, de Cuba a Nueva York  7/1/2016 Vistar: "Harlem-Havana Music and Cultural Festival es la nueva puerta que— a través de la música, las artes visuales, la danza, el cine y la comida criolla— muestra a Cuba y su cultura en Estados Unidos. Previsto del 15 al 21 de agosto, el evento, en su primera edición, llevará a artistas cubanos hasta Nueva York, y los hará protagonistas de varios espectáculos."

La nación cubana y el racismo  6/30/2016 AfroCubaWeb: "Consternada, luego de leer un artículo acerca del racismo en Cuba, en cual un grupo de estudiantes y profesores de la Universidad de Morgan State, en Baltimore que recién visitaron la Isla, constaron la dolorosa realidad que investigadores, académicos, activistas y otros; hemos estado planteando fundamentalmente desde el inicio de los años 1990 y es la existencia precisamente de ese racismo, informado ahora por voces foráneas."

Harlem and Havana Connect in Culture Festival  6/26/2016 Cuba Journal: "The Harlem/Havana Music & Cultural Festival will bring Cuban artists to New York in August for a week of performances and other events – followed by a similar cultural exchange in Havana in February. New York Governor Andrew Cuomo and U.S. Representative Charles Rangel, a longtime Cuban Embargo opponent, have been working for years on developing cultural exchange ideas between the US and Cuba. A contingent of American artists with Harlem connections, including Smokey Robinson, are slated to travel to Havana for a similar showcase of cultural exchange in February 2017."

Shaq Shoots for Diplomacy in New Role as Sports Envoy to Cuba  6/25/2016 Cuba Journal 

First Annual Harlem-Havana Cultural Exchange Is Coming To NYC This August  6/25/2016 Gothamist: "The movement to normalize relations between the U.S. and Cuba is coming to Harlem this summer: from August 15-21, the first annual Harlem/Havana Music & Cultural Festival will bring Cuban musicians, artists, dancers, chefs, educators, and more to New York as part of Harlem Week 2016."

New York Gov. Cuomo Announces Harlem/Havana Music & Cultural Festival  6/24/2016 Billboard: "Cuban musicians, visual artists, dancers, filmmakers, chefs and educators will be highlighted during this years Harlem Week from Aug. 15-21. They include saxophonist César López and his Habana Ensemble, and pianist Jorge Luis Pacheco, a young lion who was selected by Wynton Marsalis to perform with the Jazz at Lincoln Center orchestra during the New York big band’s trip to Havana in 2010."

Harlem Havana Music Festival - Press Conference June 24 2016  6/24/2016 YouTube 

Is anyone surprised?: Baltimore Tourist Says Racism Exists in Cuba  6/19/2016 The Real Cuba: reprint of the Afro article in this right wing publication - "Myra Queen, who knows what discrimination looks like having grown up in a segregated section of Baltimore during the 1950s and ‘60s, said she saw subtle patterns of racism play out during a recent trip to Cuba. Queen, 66, said she noticed during her weeklong trip that most of the staff waiting on her in restaurants were White. So were the people behind the counter at her hotel, despite the island’s large Black population."

Afro-Americans encounter racism in Castro Kingdom  6/17/2016 Babalu: Babalu Blog belongs to extreme right terrorists.

Baltimore Tourist Says Racism Exists in Cuba  6/16/2016 Afro: “It’s important to take Black journalists to Cuba because the stories we find are the stories that too often seem to be ignored [and] overlooked by White journalists when they get there,” Wickham said. “It’s not mean spirited, it’s that their life experiences don’t drive them toward those stories.”

‘Codigo Color’ at SF Black Film Fest: Cuban doc explores colorism and cultural ignorance on the island  6/16/2016 SF Bay View: "After a discussion, Alberto was disturbed to find out his son and friends knew nothing about the history of racial relationships in Cuba before 1959. They’d heard all the slogans – racial discrimination being abolished – and all the rhetoric about Cuba becoming an equalitarian society and so forth but apparently had never heard real anecdotes told by real people who lived in pre-revolution Cuba."

Tom Joyner Foundation Leads Delegation of HBCU Presidents on Mission to Havana, Cuba to Explore Global Exchange and Research  6/13/2016 Black News: "Tom Joyner, chairman of the Dallas-based nonprofit that helps support historically black colleges and universities, led a historic trip to Havana, Cuba where he led a group of HBCU presidents who explored global exchange and research opportunities for students and faculty in Cuba."

US fugitives say Cuba has reassured them they are safe  6/10/2016 Washington Times: "Charles Hill, a black militant wanted in the 1971 slaying of a New Mexico state policeman, told The Associated Press that Cuban government contacts had recently reassured him he was at no risk of extradition. Nehanda Abiodun, another black militant wanted in a 1981 armored car robbery that left two police offers and a security guard dead, told the AP she had recently received a similar promise."

A deserving homage for Ali  6/7/2016 AfroCubaWeb: "Ali knew that Cuba is the only place on earth, where the intractable, corrosive inner city malady derived from poverty, illiteracy, drugs, violence and deaths can be reversed through education, culture and the perfect environment, which precludes a genetic recessive factor."

Morgan State University Sends Delegation to Cuba  6/1/2016 Afro: "Kendra Hawkins, a journalism student at Morgan State University, is eager to see what awaits her in Cuba. She is set to travel to the country, once forbidden to most Americans, on June 4."

Cuba 2016  5/29/2016 Charisse L'Pree, Ph.D.: "In May, I was honored to accompany a delegation from the Association of Black Psychologists (ABPsi) to Hominis 2016, organized by the Cuban Psychological Society in Havana. The trip was an amazing!"

How to CUBA  5/25/2016 CurlyNikki: "I don't usually share how I put these trips together because (1) there's no formula, and (2) I have a flare for the dramatic. But as this epicness comes to a close, I thought I'd do y'all a solid and provide you with a how-to manual of sorts."

On Memorial Day Weekend in Miami Beach, Black Tourists Are Second-Class Citizens  5/24/2016 Miami New Times: "The goal seems to be to rob African-Americans blind, lock up as many of them as possible, and occasionally use some for police target practice. (Remember the 2011 killing of Raymond Herisse, in which 12 officers fired more than a hundred rounds, four others were wounded, and no one was charged?) If Memorial Day weekend were treated like a convention coming to town, Miami Beach would get hotels to block off rooms and give visitors discounted rates. The city, the county, the Greater Miami Convention & Visitors Bureau, and commercial airlines would kick in money to help support the event. Government officials would work with the event promoters to provide comped rooms to celebrity entertainers and comped ballrooms for panels and events. Meanwhile, in cities like New Orleans and Toronto, government officials are rolling out the red carpet for events that cater to a predominantly black clientele."

Fidel Castro & Cuba: Thorns In Side of US Imperialism  5/24/2016 Black Agenda Report: "The United States has a long and duplicitous history when it comes to not only attempting to assassinate the character of Fidel Castro, but also his life. The US government’s unsuccessful attempts at both forms of assassination can easily be deemed as an evil obsessive. The United States (via the CIA) has tried to assassinate/murder Fidel Castro over 600 times. This number is startling due to the fact that the CIA has been so utterly unsuccessful in their nefarious attempts to eliminate Castro. However, it should not be surprising that they tried to assassinate this leader, since they have successfully (and extra-judiciously) assassinated countless humans, including government leaders throughout the globe. This diabolical track record goes back many decades."

Afro Cubans: We Are Many  5/22/2016 CurlyNikki: this site with 5 million monthly views and 660,000 FaceBook followers, interviews Gloria Rolando, filmmaker, and Martitza Lopez, of the Red Barrial Afrodescendiente.

CurlyNikki in Cuba  5/22/2016 CurlyNikki: "So there you have it folks, next time you want in to a closed society...just knock on the door."

Unspoiled: Life Without Limits  5/22/2016 CurlyNikki: "As an African American from Ferguson, MO, I feel like I have a responsibility to empathize with those that are oppressed, excluded or disadvantaged, no matter where they are all over the world. This is why I can recognize the humanity in the Muslim family in India, the Palestinians in the West Bank and the Cubans surviving the harsh reality of embargo."

The Morgan State University Choir to Sing in Cuba  5/21/2016 Cuba Now: "Specializing in U.S. gospels and spirituals, the choir will perform from May 25 to May 30 at the Tomas Terry (Cienfuegos) and La Caridad (Villa Clara) theaters and at the White (Matanzas) and the Lecuona halls of the Alicia Alonso Grand Theater of Havana, Cubasi reported on May 20. During the concerts, the U.S. group will share the stage with Cantores de Cienfuegos and the Villa Clara Provincial Choir and with the Chamber of Matanzas and Entrevoces choirs."

Lawyer: Fugitive loyal to Cuban revolution  5/19/2016 Along the Malecon: "In late March of 2016, Huck Magazine published a lengthy article that contained numerous inaccuracies regarding Mr. Hill, an African-American human rights activist who was forced to flee the United States in 1971 due to political repression. Mr. Hill has since resided in Havana as a guest of the Cuban government. The Huck Magazine article so egregiously mischaracterizes and misstates Mr. Hill’s positions that we are necessarily compelled to immediately enter into litigation against Huck Magazine for fraud, libel and false light. Neither Mr. Hill nor his undersigned attorney were duly notified by Huck Magazine of their intent to publish this article."

What Obama’s Trip to Havana Revealed about Race in Cuba and the U.S.  5/5/2016 AAIHS: "The symbolism of a black U.S. president eating at one of Havana’s few black-owned restaurants and talking about Afro-Cuban access to the new economy should be celebrated. Missed, though, was the opportunity to reestablish coalitions and activism between people of African descent in both countries. Instead, debates about which country had been most successful in battling racism abounded. Similar to previous interactions between Cuba and the United States, this event showed how both countries invoke celebratory histories that reinforce national racial mythologies, rather than the controversial present. During his speech in Havana’s Gran Teatro, President Obama momentarily departed from the rhetoric of U.S. exceptionalism to acknowledge our shared history of racial oppression. “Cuba, like the United States, was built in part by slaves brought here from Africa” and that “we both have more work to do to promote equality in our own countries [and] to reduce discrimination based on race,” Obama said. Because U.S. diplomats rarely publicize aspects of the country’s continued racial inequity, this part of Obama’s speech was refreshing and a humbling gesture to his Cuban hosts."

En La Habana, Emory Douglas, el pintor de los Panteras Negras  4/30/2016 Jiribilla: "Entre las personalidades que prestigian la segunda edición del Festival del Cartel, que se desarrolla durante esta semana en la Capital, se encuentra el diseñador afroamericano Emory Douglas (Michigan, 1943), figura destacada dentro de la lucha por los derechos civiles de los negros en los EE.UU."

Chucho Valdes to play at the White House on International Jazz Day  4/28/2016 Cubarte: "The icon of Cuban Latin jazz, Chucho Valdes, will perform at the White House with prestigious world-class artists as Sting, Aretha Franklin and Herbie Hancock, as part of the celebrations for the International Day of Jazz in the United States. The event, to be hosted by US President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle, will take place on April 29 and will be broadcasted the following day on ABC under the name "Jazz at the White House," as well as in the websites of the United Nations, UNESCO, the Department of State and the Casa Blanca in "streaming"."

Colorism and Privilege: An Afro-Cuban American in Havana  4/28/2016 Fem: "In Cuba, the Communist Revolution is often portrayed as the “great equalizer,” not just economically but also in respect to race relations. In many ways, this has been true: people of all racial and ethnic backgrounds have access to education, jobs, transportation, healthcare, and other social services. Regardless, there are traces of racial hierarchy and a colonialist mentality which are deeply entrenched in Cuban society."

Why Beyoncé's Yellow Dress Is So Much More Than A Piece Of Clothing  4/27/2016 Refinery 29: ""[Oshun] has been a victim of abuse, neglect, and loss, which is the reason so many women whom have experienced those actions worship [her]. When she seeks out revenge for those who have hurt her– and her children– she is unpredictable in her methods and temper. She can show herself laughing, dancing and joyous, all while unleashing a wrath on those who cross her. It only makes sense that Beyoncé would allude to Oshun's imagery and personification in an album that is intended to conceptualize a woman's journey of self knowledge and healing, specifically that of a black woman's journey. Oshun symbolizes just that.""

En La Habana, Emory Douglas, el pintor de los Panteras Negras  4/27/2016 Cubarte: "Entre las personalidades que prestigian la segunda edición del Festival del Cartel, que se desarrolla durante esta semana en la Capital, se encuentra el diseñador afroamericano Emory Douglas (Michigan, 1943), figura destacada dentro de la lucha por los derechos civiles de los negros en los Estados Unidos. Desde su llegada a La Habana el pasado lunes, ha sostenido encuentros con representantes de la plástica nacional y visitado algunas de las muestras inauguradas como parte del programa del mencionado evento. Asimismo, fue recibido por la presidencia de Casa de las Américas, institución en la que este jueves a las 4:00 pm quedará inaugurada la exposición Emory Douglas, el pintor de los panteras negras, con veinte carteles de tema político realizados por él a partir de los años sesenta del pasado siglo."

Some Thoughts on Cuban Resistance to US Ideological/Political War  4/26/2016 Black Agenda Report: “The question is, will Obama’s visit to Cuba provide Cubans the opportunity to make headway against the cultural war, or will it allow the US to make inroads? Or are both these scenarios on the horizon?”

This Beyoncé 'Lemonade' Meaning Theory Involving the African Goddess Oshun Is Mind-Blowing  4/25/2016 MIC: ""Y'all think Beyoncé was just breaking windows, twerking and playing in water. No, she was portraying Oshun, a Yoruba Orisha," Facebook user Tasha Robinson wrote in a post Sunday. "Sensual, sexual, beautiful Goddess [and] deity who is a healer, gives life, growth, luxury, change and prosperity. That was the message of Lemonade. Love, change and prosperity." "

Beyoncé's 'Lemonade' featured a slew of amazing cameos — here's a guide  4/24/2016 Mashable: "Twin sisters Lisa-Kaindé Diaz and Naomi Diaz of the music duo Ibeyi."

#Usher en La Casa de la Musica de Galiano #Habana #Cuba #Humildad  4/22/2016 Lolo MC: video

Usher en #Cuba habla de la riqueza cultural y energía de los #cubanos  4/22/2016 Cubanos por el mundo: video

Smokey Robinson Jr: “Crecí escuchando jazz cubano”  4/21/2016 Vistar: "William "Smokey" Robinson Jr., leyenda norteamericana del Rock and Roll y el R&B, aseguró que le encantaría grabar con músicos cubanos al declararse amante y conocedor de la música hecha en la Isla. “Yo crecí escuchando jazz cubano”, confesó el cofundador de la disquera Motown Records y miembro del Salón de la Fama del Rock and Roll en 1987. Smokey se encuentra por primera vez en Cuba, donde advierte muchas posibilidades para las colaboraciones musicales. “Estoy aprendiendo sobre Cuba, es mi primera vez y si depende de mí no será la última”, afirmó."

Usher dice adiós a La Habana luego de cantar y bailar con los cubanos  4/21/2016 Cuba.cu: "Cuba muestra su amor grandemente! íLa energía fue tremenda ayer! Gente trepando en los árboles, en los techos, e inundando las calles mientras corrían. Las artes y la cultura aquí son tan auténticas y refrescantes! Los amo mucho", subrayó el intérprete de Yeah."

Harlem in Havana Helped Popularize Afro Cuban Music and Dance in North America  4/21/2016 Harlem in Havana: "Although the best talent from Cuba has long been forgotten in the states, Afro Cuban culture still has a strong hold on American entertainers. Many U.S. troupes today incorporate this rich blend of Latin, African and European cultures into their repertoires. But, there is still much to be discovered about how the Afro Cuban craze landed and took root in American soil. Six years ago, Leslie Cunningham, a Durham-based documentary filmmaker and the granddaughter of Tampa millionaire showmen Leon Claxton, created The Harlem in Havana Project, a transmedia project in honor of her grandfather's epic Black and Cuban traveling revue that braved racism, segregation and immigration laws to become popular in the 1940s through the 1960s."

Usher Heads Back to US after Singing and Dancing in Cuba  4/21/2016 Prensa Latina: "According to his Twitter account, he posted that in the Plaza de Regla 'we were all rapping, dancing, and singing. Great to see such Life'."

USHER en la Lanchita de Regla (+ TODAS LAS FOTOS DE USHER EN CUBA)  4/20/2016 Cubanos por el Mundo: "El popular intérprete Usher, de visita en Cuba, ha subido imágenes y videos en la red social Instagram. En una de estas fotos USHER viaja a Regla, histórico pueblo al otro lado de la Bahia de La Habana, conocido por el santuario de la Virgen de Regla, sincretizada en la religión afrocubana como Yemayá."

Galería de fotos: Obsesión y Usher en Regla  4/20/2016 Negra Cubana: "La agrupación cubana de rap Supercrónica Obsesión recibió en su peña en el poblado de Regla al cantante y actor estadounidense Usher, quien por estos días visita La Habana. Integrada por Magia y ..eltipoeste… este grupo, símbolo del movimiento cubano de hip hop, celebra mensualmente este encuentro a nivel comunitario al cual se unen artistas de la zona. Regla es además el cuartel general de Obsesión y donde reside ..eltipoeste.."

Usher Travels To Cuba And Doesn't Invite Us  4/20/2016 Essence: "The singer took off earlier this week after a quick stop in Miami and was greeted by tons of fans when he arrived."

Usher y Dave Matthews recorren La Habana  4/19/2016 On Cuba: "La Habana recibe nuevas celebrities: los habaneros quieren tomarse fotos con Usher y Dave Matthews, pero esta vez, estos músicos norteamericanos dejarán esperando a la multitud pues no los verá actuar en un escenario. Ambos están en Cuba para reconocer el país y retornar a Estados Unidos con información sobre cómo podrían Cuba y su país desarrollar más lazos culturales."

Usher visita peña de hip hop en municipio Regla  4/19/2016 CubaDebate: "El músico Usher Terrence Raymond IV, conocido simplemente como “Usher” se encuentra en Cuba como parte de la delegación del Comité Presidencial para las Artes y las Humanidades de los Estados Unidos. El artista oriundo de Tennesse, visitó junto a otras personalidades de la cultura de su país el Instituto Superior de Arte y en la tarde fue hasta el municipio regla, al este de la Bahía de La Habana, para asistir a una peña de hip hop del grupo cubano Obsesión."

Comenzó en Cuba Conferencia Internacional de Cultura Africana y Afroamericana  4/13/2016 Sierra Maestra: "A la actividad inicial de la reunión asistieron parte del Cuerpo Diplomático africano en Cuba; Gabriel López, jefe del Departamento Ideológico del Comité Provincial del Partido Comunista de Cuba; Manuel Falcón, vicepresidente del Consejo de la Administración Provincial; Tania Fernández Chaveco, directora provincial de Cultura; Rodulfo Vaillant, presidente del Comité Provincial de la Unión de Escritores y Artistas de Cuba (UNEAC), y otros directivos de instituciones, y artistas de varias manifestaciones."

Cuban documentary screened on campus  4/8/2016 Loyola Maroon: "“We wanted to talk about race, but also about life and color. We wanted to laugh at the irony of racism,” O’Reilly said. O’Reilly said that everyone in Cuba is mixed. No one is completely white, and O’Reilly uses his film to point out how ridiculous it is to discriminate in Cuba."

The Long Read: The story of Charlie Hill, an FBI fugitive in Havana  3/25/2016 Huck Magazine: [Hill contests the accuracy of this story - "It's been over 43 years since Charlie Hill went on the run from U.S. authorities, making his way to Cuba where he's been hiding ever since, and the thawing of relations between the two countries plays on his mind. His little known story is one of revolutionary spirit, of murder, of adventure and of pain. After a series of meetings in Havana, award winning writer Carlos Álvarez Rodríguez tells us Charlie's story."

The Black Lives Matters Founders are among the World's Greatest Leaders  3/24/2016 Fortune: "Modern social movements often fizzle after their moment in the national news (Occupy Wall Street and to a lesser extent the Tea Party come to mind). But Black Lives Matter has steadily gained momentum since its founding in 2013, when activist Alicia Garza coined the phrase and fellow activist Patrisse Cullors made it a hashtag. Alongside Opal Tometi, they created the Black Lives Matter network, which has grown to 28 local chapters, each fighting a range of racial injustices like police brutality and racial profiling."

The Cuban Embassy’s First Secretary Miguel Fraga in a candid Block Report Radio Q&A  3/22/2016 SF Bay View: "At Merritt College, the birthplace of the Black Panther Party, on the 74th birthday of its co-founder, Huey P. Newton, the African American Studies Program fittingly hosted a talk by the recently opened Cuban Embassy’s First Secretary Miguel Fraga, where he spoke on Cuban-U.S. relations. In an interview following the Fraga led discussion, he and I continued to talk about Cuban-U.S. relations, but we were able to extend the conversation to talk more directly about the embargo, the U.S. government’s relationship with Haiti, Venezuela and Bolivia, the U.S. government’s funding of Radio Marti, and the dissipation of the radical Latin American bloc of nations that are opposed to U.S. aggression and hegemony in the region and in the world."

Will Afro-Cubans & African-Americans Be Able To Benefit From Improved U.S./Cuban Relations?  3/21/2016 News One: "During a special simulcast with the Tom Joyner Morning Show and TV One’s NewsOne Now, Roland Martin spoke with Devyn Spence Benson, author of Antiracism in Cuba, and businessman Troy Nash about the importance of President Barack Obama‘s visit to Cuba and what improved U.S./Cuban relations could mean for people of color."

Obama's Visit to Cuba: Dangers and Benefits to The Cuban Revolution  3/21/2016 Real News: "One of the very first things that Raul Castro said is that if the embargo were moved today, Cuba would still have tremendous internal difficulty through its own fault. So Cuba has been involved in deep reflection and debate of looking at the differentiation between the party, the state, the government, and the people. It has been involved in a lot of self-critical reflection of the irony of having educated one of the world's most educated populations by all of the [inaud.] of the UN and the independent bodies on their children scoring high in math and science, and great cultural production. A major country in the world on biotechnology and cancer vaccines, and all of this."

What Cuba Can Teach America About Race  3/21/2016 Daily Beast: "Where the American blues was mournful and plaintive, són was defiant and menacing. Folks of color in America embraced it and grew. Ask Dizzy Gillespie."

#Obama fue a una Paladar en Centro Habana #Cuba?  3/21/2016 Lolo MC: video

For black Cubans, Obama visit a source of pride  3/20/2016 AP: "“It was only an African-American man who’s been able to loosen things up,” said Orlando Vila, the 50-year-old chief of a self-employed crew of workman repairing a state-run warehouse in Old Havana. “He’s faced the realities of life and now people here are expecting a change, too.”

What President Obama's Visit to Cuba Means for Cubans of African Descent  3/19/2016 Huff Post: by Devyn Spence Benson "U.S. black travelers to Cuba, like many foreigners, typically visit the island for 10 days or less, both in the 1960s and today. A week is not long enough to decode the dynamics of race and racism. Unlike the widely publicized Black Lives Matter movement, Cuban activists and scholars lack regular access to television, print news, and social media that might amplify their voices and political opinions. Therefore, visitors don't always see the ways Afro-Cubans continue to be left behind. During their short vacations, many won't notice how Afro-Cubans are discretely barred entrance into tourist hotels, or have limited access to good-paying, front-of-the-house jobs in major hotel chains."

Harlem in Havana Project - E-News - March 2016  3/15/2016 Harlem in Havana: "I am so excited to share updates for the film project about Harlem in Havana. Six years in the making, the film will be completed by the end of 2016. Our goal is to launch the film in early 2017, exactly 50 years after Harlem in Havana’s last bally! "

5 places black people can move if Donald Trump wins the presidency  3/2/2016 The Grio: "President Obama gave us life when he opened up the doors to Cuba last summer after a 50-year embargo. We’d been dying to get in and get our tour on like Bey & Jay. Although the country is still recovering economically, the culture is rich, and proud black people are plentiful. But word on the island is that blacks aren’t reaping the benefits of all the new money flowing in. Let some black Americans come through and set up shop. We can start a new revolution…"

Ballet Schools of Cuba and the United States Consolidate Exchanges  3/1/2016 Cuba Now: [Where are the exchanges around black culture?] - "The Cuban School of Ballet Fernando Alonso and the Ruth Page School of Dance in Chicago will strengthen this year their educational and cultural exchanges, asserted recently the director of the U.S. center Victor Alexander Ramirez."

ÌFÉ Synthesizes Ancestral Powers with Contemporary Dancehall  2/29/2016 Noisey: "Last year, Otura traveled to Cuba to complete his initiation into Ifá, part of the Yoruban tradition brought to the Caribbean from Africa. Religious practices like Yoruba were nearly wiped out by slavery, colonialism, and good old proselytizing from the West, but in the Caribbean, there’s a growing movement to revive the faith. Otura is a black American who came to the island, learned Spanish, and adopted a tradition on the decline. It’s an effort to reclaim roots that most people of African descent in America have been almost entirely severed from. These elements are all on display in the video we’re premiering today, which is directed by Luis R. Vidal and Otura himself and draws visual inspiration from his faith."

Cinnamon Traveler Heritage Trust, por tercera vez en la feria internacional del libro de La Habana  2/19/2016 Claustrofobias: "Unas de las razones que me motivaron a participar en las ferias, fue cuando vine a Cuba por primera vez como turista y visité la feria en la Cabaña. Quedé impresionada con la cantidad de personas que hacían largas colas para comprar libros. En Atlanta, donde vivo, eso no se ve y menos para comprar libros. Las colas son para conciertos de música o algún evento deportivo, no para libros." Declaró Grace Lynis creadora del proyecto Cinnamon Traveler Heritage Trust para Claustrofobias, de Atlanta, EE.UU, mientras las personas se interesaban por las nuevas e interesantes propuestas."

Capital District's 'People To People' Delegation Reports On Cuban Visit  2/19/2016 WAMC: "Amani Olugbala is a Black Lives Matter organizer who came to Albany from Brooklyn 10 years ago. She was impressed with the Cuban people, admires their activism, and feels the U.S. shouldn't punish the nation for deciding to govern itself. "Cuba is an example of international solidarity for young people, who are like learning about Malcolm X, Fidel, kickin' it together, sharing ideas and learning from one another. I feel like all those examples are just - and - people about Cuba knowing about Black Lives Matter, without access to the same kind of internet materials that we have here, I think it's just a strong statement in solidarity, and just keep up the work that is necessary and is continuing.""

African American Museum traces the influence of Cuban art  2/16/2016 Newsworks, Philadelphia: "A little-known artistic revolution in Cuba almost 40 years ago is now featured at the African American Museum in Philadelphia. A group of Cuban artists banded together in 1978 together as Grupo Antillano, to make work highlighting African ties to Cuba."

'Black and Cuba': Nine Students Who Fought Racism with Books  2/3/2016 NBC: "The new documentary "Black and Cuba" follows a group of nine Yale graduate students who felt more like outcasts than a part of their elite Ivy League community. Bonding over feelings of alienation, they formed a black resistance reading group to discuss books on the movement against racism throughout the African diaspora and were further inspired to take a field trip to Cuba in 2002 to see firsthand "how revolution lives" on the island."

Bucket-list item for African Americans: Experience Cuba  2/1/2016 USA Today: "Black Cubans are a racial minority, according to the Central Intelligence Agency’s World Fact Book, whose 2012 estimate puts Cuba’s population as 64.1 percent white, 9.3 percent black and 26.6 percent mestizo. The latter is part-European, especially Spanish, and part-Native American. Still, by some accounts, black- and mixed-race people comprise two-thirds of the population. And, elements of the country’s African heritage are many and varied. “Cuba is not African-influenced. Its core root is Africa,” said Dash Harris. The USA-educated Panamanian-American is a co-founder of AfroLatino Travel offering curated tours and local guides at select Latin American and Caribbean destinations."

Bucket-list item for African Americans: Experience Cuba  1/31/2016 USA Today: "Older African-Americans likely remember reading about Cuba in their youth: Fidel Castro’s revolution got a lot of ink in black newspapers in the USA, said Jackie Jones, an associate professor who chairs the multimedia program in the School of Global Journalism at Morgan State University in Baltimore. These journalists “were looking at a country that had a lot of promise of addressing issues of race, which had some resonance with the civil rights movement in the [United] States,” Jones said. And, although a “racial nirvana isn’t there,” Jones calls the island nation “simultaneously troubled and vibrant.”"

CÓDIGO COLOR. MEMORIAS (2015), de William Sabourin O’Reilly  1/28/2016 Cine cubano - la pupila insomne: "Camagüey- El documental Código Color. Memorias, del realizador cubano-norteamericano William Sabourin O’Reilly, tendrá una presentación especial el próximo 30 de enero, en el Salón Platino del Multicine Casablanca de la ciudad de Camagüey. Proyectado en diciembre de 2015 en el 37 Festival del Nuevo Cine Latinoamericano y en la ciudad de Santiago de Cuba, el audiovisual propone explorar el complejo tema de los prejuicios raciales, a partir de hechos ocurridos en la década del 50 del pasado siglo."

Tío Tomás’s Cabin: Marco Rubio and White Cubanidad  1/14/2016 Latino Rebels: by Jason Nichols, Lecturer in African American Studies - "Last semester I had a young man turn in an assignment in which students were instructed to write to a current presidential candidate. This particular student had been outspoken and one of the more socially aware and progressive students in the class. He has a leadership position in a Latino fraternity, and often attempted to find commonality between the plight of African Americans and people of Latino (Latinx) origin."

Tipping a Hat to H.T. Smith, a Rebel with a Cause, at the Gay8 Festival  1/13/2016 Miami Herald: "H.T. Smith is no stranger to discrimination. His long career of service has had him chair the Coalition for a Free South Africa — leading the charge to convince local governments and universities not to do business with companies that did business with apartheid South Africa — head a tourism boycott against Miami after local officials snubbed Nelson Mandela during his historic visit; champion the amendment that explicitly gives women and people born outside the U.S. equal legal protection; and co-chair the Miami-Dade Say No to Discrimination referendum, fighting for equal rights for all people regardless of their sexual orientation."

Cuba After the Thaw Worsening Inequality for Afro-Cubans and Women  1/12/2016 Boston Review: by Devyn Spence Benson - "But he [Roberto Zurbano] mentioned one unexpectedly positive effect of U.S. tourism, explaining that the uptick in African American travelers had already changed the dynamics of street-level policing. Havana cops were easing off their notorious harassment of black youths out of fear they might be North American tourists. “It’s a small detail, but for us it’s important. Because the authorities’ perceptions of blackness will keep changing as African American tourism grows.” It is an example of the kind of unanticipated effects that the coming years may bring."

The Color and Flavor of Afro-Cuban Life: A Look at How Black Cubans Have Struggled Over the Years with Racial Identity and Culture  12/30/2015 Atlanta Blackstar: "There are no shortage of Afro-Cuban sites to see in Cuba. Learning about the rich culture of Afro-Cubans is both easy and interesting in Cuba’s largest cities. There is something for everyone, from music and dance to museums and religious tours."

Will American tourists change Cuba for better or worse  12/26/2015 Examiner: "Being African-American, I was naturally curious about whether racism exists in Cuban society. The official answer I received from my light-skinned Cuban guide was "We don't have racism like in America." In Cuba, about 65 percent of the people self identify as "white" while the remaining 35 percent is divided between Afro-Cuban (10), Mulatto (24) and Asian (1). But the reality is there are no pure blooded Cubans."

Race to Revolution reviewed in Journal of American History  12/3/2015 Monthly Review: "Gerald Horne’s latest book is an ambitious transnational history of the United States and Cuba from the 1700s to the 1959 Cuban Revolution. It focuses on the shared and interconnected histories of slavery, the slave trade, Jim Crow, and the struggles against these oppressive systems in the two regions. The book marks another contribution to Horne’s prodigious body of work on the history of African diaspora, slavery, imperialism, liberation movements, and the Cold War. Along with Frank Guridy’s Forging Diaspora (2010), Race to Revolution works to reorient the majority of scholarship on the U.S.-Cuba dynamic by foregrounding the role and importance of people of African descent. Horne focuses on the interaction of African Americans and their counterparts in Cuba and the way the histories of slavery and racism were mutually influential across the Florida straits."

Danny Glover back in Cuba  11/28/2015 Periodico 26: "The U.S. actor met with Gerardo Hernández, who he visited on many occasions while the decorated Hero of the Republic of Cuba was unjustly imprisoned in a California penitentiary."

Danny Glover de nuevo en Cuba  11/27/2015 Adelante: "El actor estadounidense Danny Glover llegó hoy a Cuba, país que visita desde hace una veintena de años y a donde siempre regresa con el corazón abierto para escuchar, aprender y crecer, reporta la agencia de noticias Prensa Latina."

Black Lives Matter Network Denounces U.S. “Continuing Intervention” in Venezuela  11/26/2015 Venezuela Analysis: "The co-founder of the Black Lives Matter Network and Executive Director of the Black Alliance for Just Immigration warns that the recent electoral victory of U.S.-backed counter revolutionary parties in Venezuela endangers the country’s African-descended population. The letter denounces “corporate media lies about electoral corruption voiced by Hillary Clinton, and Bernie Sander’s defamation of late President Hugo Chavez labeling him a dictator.” “We reject any action the U.S. puts forward to plunder Venezuelan natural resources, occupy the country and incite violence.”"

Usher celebró su boda en La Habana  10/13/2015 Vistar: "Acompañada por los tambores de la agrupación Yoruba Andabo, el cortejo comenzó a las ocho de la noche, a la luz de las velas, en el bar ubicado en la azotea de la reconocida paladar. Entre los invitados que acompañaron a Usher desde Estados Unidos, se encontraba el conocido actor y cantante Ludacris. Luego de la cena, los novios disfrutaron de una descarga musical junto a Kelvis Ochoa y su grupo, con la actuación especial de Juana Bacallao."

Un asunto pendiente: Movimiento de Hip Hop cubano  9/20/2015 AfroModernidades: "Ya desde 1980 en Cuba se escuchaban ritmos afronorteamericanos populares, sobre todo los derivados del Funk y artistas vanguardistas del pop negro, pero no es hasta la próxima década que el producto artístico hace entrada en la Isla. Muchas fueron las modalidades de recepción de esta cultura, un papel muy importante en su divulgación, lo jugó el intercambio con la comunidad cubana residente en los Estados Unidos[1] y los marinos mercantes que viajaban fuera del país que importaban grabaciones tanto sonoras como audiovisuales. La exhibición en Cuba de filmes como Flash Dance, Gansters Paradise (Mentes Peligrosas), la popularidad alcanzada de filmes como Breakin I y II, Wild Style, Beat Street coadyuvaron a la recepción de esta cultura."

Black Travel to Cuba on the Rise  9/15/2015 Ebony: "There’s plenty of investment opportunities, especially for African Americans, because they would love to do business with us specifically,” says Jason Ridgel, president of Jusco Medical. “They feel closer to us, that there’s actually not a lot of difference [between us] at all.” In late May 2016, Up in the Air Life has another sojourn to Cuba planned for travelers to delve into the music, art, food, dance and cultural life of the island. Clearly now is the time to see the isle in all its time-bubble splendor, before the effects—positive and not-so-positive—of possible embargo lift take hold."

Moment Of Clarity: Rapper El B Starts Over After U.S. – Cuba Controversy  9/14/2015 Vibe: Interview with el B. - "“Living in Miami has opened many doors for me. For the first time in my life, I have a home studio and complete control of my work,” the rapper told VIBE Viva exclusively. “I can be in touch with all of those who follow my music in a direct way through social media, something that I could not do living in Cuba.”"

Usher y Ludacris en escenario común con Kelvis Ochoa  9/11/2015 UNEAC: "Los artistas estadounidenses Usher y Ludacris compartieron escenario con el músico cubano Kelvis Ochoa, en un nuevo y espontáneo puente cultural entre ambos países. Usher, productor, cantante y compositor estadounidense, subió al escenario del centro habanero nocturnoSarao's Barpara unirse a Ochoa, uno de los legendarios cantautores del proyecto Habana Abierta, y luego se le unió el rapero y actor Ludacris"

Wynton Marsalis quiere regresar a Cuba  9/9/2015 Granma: "“Wynton es la razón por la que estoy aquí, todo el tiempo me habla de Cuba y de su deseo de regresar” dijo Stoll, quien llegó a La Habana jun­to a otros directivos de la Lin­coln Center, co­mo parte de un intercambio cultural y académico con la ENA. El músico y profesor estadounidense agregó que “Wynton ama la música cubana y su concierto en Cuba fue uno de los momentos más im­portantes de su vida”."

Harlem Meets Havana  9/3/2015 Huff Post: by Rep Charles Rangel - "I am proud that this summer a delegation of Harlemites led by The Greater Harlem Chamber of Commerce (GHCC)’s President Lloyd Williams and Council member Inez Dickens returned from their successful mission to Havana, Cuba, where I helped arrange their meetings with senior officials of the Cuban government regarding trade, business and tourism and our anticipated first annual cultural exchange program in 2016 — Harlem Meets Havana."

Former Black Panther Kathleen Cleaver on Assata Shakur and #BlackLivesMatter  9/1/2015 The Root: "Many people were concerned that she would not be able to stay alive in prison after being convicted of killing a cop. An escape was planned; it was successful."

Inspiration Behind ‘Black Lives Matter’ is on the FBI’s ‘Most Wanted Terrorists’ List  8/28/2015 Infowars: "The inspiration behind the ‘Black Lives Matter’ movement – the individual cited by its founder and regularly quoted by its supporters – is a convicted cop killer who is on the FBI’s ‘Most Wanted Terrorists’ list. ‘Black Lives Matter’ was founded by militant feminists Alicia Garza, Patrisse Cullors and Opel Tometi, with Garza widely recognized as the most influential of the three. In an article which details the philosophical foundation of ‘Black Lives Matter’, Garza cites, “Assata’s powerful demand in my organizing work.”"

#BlackLivesMatter and Cuba  8/24/2015 Progressive Pupil: ""In July a group of Black Lives Matter activists visited Cuba with the 46th Contingent of the Venceremos Brigade. Included in this group was Progressive Pupil’s own, Shannon Shird, Outreach Director for Black and Cuba and former Community Outreach Specialist in our New Leaders for Social Change Program, Anita Moore, Chapter Coordinator and Community Organizer with Black Lives Matter, and Amity Paye, the BYP100 NYC Communications Co-chair.""

Una lectura conveniente, una invitacion para el debate.  8/20/2015 AfroCubaWeb: por Tomás Fernández Robaina, sobre El negro en Cuba (1931) de Margaret Ross Martin, periodista afrodescendiente americana con domicilio en la Habana. Version español de The Negro in Cuba, 1931.

Black Lives Matter visits Cuba  8/18/2015 Black Youth Project 100: "For Cuba, racial discrimination is a curse that both fled the country with the Cuban exiles and stayed behind with the revolution. To be fair to the Cuban revolution, many of the Black Lives Matter movement’s “radical” demands to alleviate the effects of structural racism have been fulfilled in Cuba: all education (including higher education) is free, healthcare is free, housing is subsidized, healthy food is subsidized, and more. In 1962 the Cuban government declared the end of racial discrimination through the implementation of these egalitarian policies. In the U.S., racism is aggressive and deadly, systemic and carefully calculated. Although not fully eradicated, we found it true that Cuba’s socialist model diminishes the presence of structural racism and Cubans rightfully take pride in being more socially advanced than the U.S. in their “pursuit” for racial equality."

Black Lives Matter Visits Cuba  8/17/2015 BAJI: "A group of Black Lives Matter activists reflect on the lessons they learned during a recent solidarity trip to Cuba." [Full version]

11 TV Hill: Journalist Dewayne Wickham answers questions on Cuba  8/15/2015 WBAL: "Dewayne Wickham's distinguished journalism career has spanned three decades and leaves an indelible mark on the American press. The recently retired USA Today columnist is dean of the School of Global Journalism and Communication at Morgan State University. He talks about his connection to Cuba."

American harbored by Cuba fears winds of change  8/13/2015 CBS: "New Mexico Gov. Susana Martinez recently wrote Secretary of State John Kerry a letter calling Hill a "terrorist" and saying this was a chance to "finally be able to bring a cop killer to justice." A number of members of Congress, including Sen. Tom Udall, D-New Mexico, have joined the call. Hill refuted those charges and said it is proof that he cannot get a fair trial in the United States. "If I felt I could get a fair trial, I would go back to the United States of America because I am not a terrorist nor am I a cop killer.""

Marco Rubio discusses "Black Lives Matter" & Cuba  8/13/2015 Fox 

Restored relations with Cuba could empower its black communities  8/12/2015 Fusion: “Contrary to the claims of the [Cuban] Party and the revolution, socialism and communism did not wipe out racism,” Gates told Ramos. “The power structure in Cuba is still overwhelmingly white.”

Victor Fowler at the Hutchins Center, Harvard  8/1/2015 Harvard University: "Project Description… research on how North American blacks look, analyze and understand black Cubans since last years of XIX century to the beginnings of Cuban revolution."

Video — Black Lives Matter Founder Rants at Netroots: ‘Burn Everything Down!’  7/27/2015 Breitbart: "Last week, Breitbart News exposed that convicted cop killer Assata Shakur is one of the heroes of the Black Lives Matter founders. Black Lives Matter pays homage to Cuban exile Shakur and quotes the Communist Manifesto at every single Black Lives Matter event."

Breaking the silence on Afro-Cuban history  7/26/2015 Daily Kos: "Through long and intimate relationships with many Cubans here in the U.S. who are my relatives by virtue of being "familia de santo,"—coreligionists in the practice of Lucumi, commonly known as Santeria, an African diasporic tradition, I have been exposed to many of the conflicting and complex attitudes and perceptions of "race" and skin-color/ancestry in Cuba and in the Cuban enclaves of Florida and New Jersey."

BlackLivesMatter Pays Homage to Marxist Cop Killer at Every Event It Holds  7/23/2015 Breitbart: "BlackLivesMatter—the activist group that demands a “racial justice agenda” that includes constant criticism and activism against police—invokes the words of convicted cop killer Assata Shakur at “all its events.” At a recent event for female bloggers, BlackLivesMatter leaders had a crowd of thousands repeating lines from a letter written by Shakur that include an explicit reference to the Communist Manifesto."

Why African Americans Should Be 1st in Line to Cuba  7/21/2015 Avenging The Ancestors Coalition: by DeWayne Wickham - "As the U.S. Embassy opens in Havana for the first time in 54 years, we should learn the history that ties black Americans to the black population of the island."

African Americans Should Care About Cuba’s Black History  7/21/2015 Atlanta Black Star: “The Cuban people hold a special place in the hearts of the people of Africa. The Cuban internationalists have made a contribution to African independence, freedom and justice, unparalleled for its principled and selfless character,” said Nelson Mandela during his 1991 visit to Cuba. “We in Africa are used to being victims of countries wanting to carve up our territory or subvert our sovereignty. It is unparalleled in African history to have another people rise to the defense of one of us.”

What Happens When Cubans Speak About Anti-Black Racism in Their Country  7/19/2015 Roots: "I decided to spend a little time with some Afro-Cubans who are making some noise about the state of race relations in contemporary Cuba. I headed to the home of a rapper known as Soandres. His proper name is Soandres Del Rio Ferrer, and his stage name is Soandry. He’s the leader of one of Cuba’s top hip-hop bands, Hermanos de Causa."

One-on-One With Afro-Cubans: What It Means to Be Black in Cuba  7/18/2015 The Root: By: Henry Louis Gates Jr. - "I told Tomás Fernández Robaina about my conversations with Rafael Muñoz Portela, Yoxander Oritz Matos, and Omar Linares. It seemed like cubanidad supersedes race, I told him, and that even Afro-Cubans believe there is no racism. “I class myself as an ordinary Cuban,” he told me. “But speaking as a black Cuban, I also know, deep down, that the first thing people see is that I’m black, not that I’m Cuban. The police always remind me of that first and foremost.”"

Historic Boycott Miami forced long-overdue changes, proved the power of the black community  7/16/2015 Miami Herald: "Improvements for the African-American community directly and indirectly attributable to the boycott were both numerous and notable: court-ordered single-member districts for better representation of minorities, the creation of the Visitor Industry Council to expand African-American participation in the county's tourism industry, scholarships for black students to attend Florida International University's hospitality program, an investigation of Haitian protesters' treatment by police during a rally in July 1990, and the establishment of a black-owned, convention-quality hotel in the Miami Beach area." [No critical discussion here. The hotel was sold for 127 MM, how did that benefit the community?]

Let’s think about Cuba  7/9/2015 Amsterdam News: “The continued ban on travel and trade with Cuba places a unique burden on African-Americans. This embargo continues to inhibit our ability to forge autonomous exchanges with a Black community just 90 miles from our shores, who are also coping with racial discrimination. The people of Harlem, Ferguson and Detroit should not need a license to connect with Black people internationally.”

Fort Mose: Birthplace of freedom for African Americans  7/9/2015 First Coast News: "On the outskirts of St. Augustine, there was a place where slaves found freedom. "It's the beginning," said Charles Ellis, president of the Fort Mose Historical Society. In the 1700's, "slaves came from Charleston, and Georgia," he explained. Slaves escaped on the underground railroad, which originally ran south -- contrary to popular belief -- not north… When Florida became British in 1763, historical accounts show that the settlement – as a home to freed slaves – came to an end. And the people of Fort Mose ended up moving to Cuba with the Spanish."

US Caravan to Cuba Carries on History of Solidarity Across the Black Diaspora  7/5/2015 Truth Out: "IFCO has always been an organization concerned about the plight of Black people in the diaspora, whether that is in the US or globally. People of color are often victims of social inequity/social injustice and that is something that IFCO has been historically concerned about. It’s the first national organization that was led by people of color that organized to fight against social injustice so this has always been a part of IFCO’s mission – its reason for being. It’s very much at the center of much of the work that we do."

Gloria Rolando films in Richmond, CA: Reembarque/Reshipment and Assata, June 15, 2015  6/2/2015 AfroCubaWeb: "This is a rare showing of Assata in a remastered version which is not commercially available. Cuba update by Walter Turner, host of Africa Today on KPFA"

Rihanna in Havana  5/29/2015 Radio Havana: "The hip-hop star arrived in the Cuban capital on Wednesday and went to the Havana restaurant looking for Cuban food. While in the site, the actress and model also enjoyed and danced Cuban music to the tune of La Fontana’s band, Son3men2, which played for her various classical songs of the island’s traditional music repertoire."

From Cuba, With Love  5/29/2015 Vimeo: "This video is a submission for the Boys and Girls Club of Greater Washington iChoose Media Festival. Students at the FBR Branch Boys and Girls Club created a video with questions for Students in Cuba and students in Cuba responded back! Hear what youth in Havana had to say!!"

Rihanna seducida por La Habana (+Fotos)  5/29/2015 Juventud Rebelde: "¿Graba la cantante Rihanna un video musical en La Habana? Según los movimientos de la barbadense a través de la capital cubana y el equipo que le acompaña, parece que sí. Un reporte publicado por CubaSí indica que a lo largo del día la cantante se movió entre una casa de El Vedado y el edificio donde se encuentra el conocido restaurante La Guarida, escenario de la película Fresa y Chocolate."

Here's What People All Around the World Really Think About America's Police Violence  5/28/2015 Identities.mix: "Black advocates and family members of people killed by law enforcement have testified before the United Nations in Geneva, condemning racist police violence at home. Assata Shakur — an activist living in Cuba since 1984 after escaping from prison for what some believe was a trumped up murder conviction related to the death of a police officer — has new political relevance in this era of black resistance."

Questlove goes crate-digging in Cuba in new documentary  5/7/2015 LA Times: "Consider his latest adventure: Earlier this year, the Roots' drummer and hip-hop gadfly traveled to Havana for a documentary project. Cuba has been off-limits to all but a few American travelers for generations, but relaxed restrictions on a few categories of vistors (which includes artists and journalists) meant that the percussionist could now see Cuba's vital musical culture firsthand."

Harlem Afro Cuban Roots Concert with Yosvany Terry and guests  5/3/2015 Jazz de la Pena: "Yosvany Terry and his Afro Cuban roots Ye-be-gbe Ensemble with special guests Gema Corredera & Xiomara Laugart, Friday, May 15, 2015 @ 8pm"

Cuba & Hip-Hop: A Talk with Sujatha Fernandes (Part 1)  4/6/2015 Oogeewoogee: "lWe sat down with Professor Sujatha Fernandes (Dept. of Sociology at Queens College and the Graduate Center) to discuss the history of Hip Hop resistance, the commodification of the culture, and the impact the normalization will have on the Cuban Hip-Hop community. Professor Sujatha Fernandes has written extensively on global social movements. Her work has appeared in The New York Times, The Nation, The Huffington Post, American Prospect, and Colorlines."

Havana's Daymé Arocena Bridges Gap Between Cuban & American Music  4/2/2015 Billboard: "On her cover of the classic “Cry Me A River” (not the Justin Timberlake track), the 22-year-old from Havana sings to a ritualistic rumba beat, her voice pouring liquid over hectic conga beats before breaking out in soulful celebration of the storied perfect combination of Cuban music and jazz. While U.S. and Cuban politicians currently struggle to find common ground, Arocena’s big voice finds harmony in the two countries’ shared musical history."

Black Students at UC Berkeley Want a Hall Renamed After Assata Shakur  3/20/2015 The Root: "The Black Student Union at Berkeley would like Barrows Hall to be renamed “Shakur Hall.” “We want the renaming for someone—Assata Shakur—who we feel … represents us as black students,” Cori McGowens, spokesman for the school’s black student union, said. “We’re at a crisis on campus.” McGowens says that black students at Berkeley are isolated and marginalized."

This Afro-Cuban Life  3/12/2015 NBC: "Cuba's vibrant Afro-Cuban community has been photographed by Dr. David LaFevor of University of Texas at Arlington over the past decade."

Cubans hopeful U.S. embargo will end, pastor finds  3/11/2015 Winston-Salem Chronicle: "Williams, pastor of Diggs Memorial Church, went on a trip to the Cuban capital of Havana with pastors from around the nation. It was sponsored by the Progressive National Baptist Convention, whose general secretary, Rev. Dr. Tyrone Pitts, helped organize and participated in the trip. The trip, which lasted from Jan. 30-Feb. 9, was part of the 25th anniversary celebration of a Cuban Baptist church organization, La Fraternidad de Iglesias Bautistas de Cuba. During that time, the pastors worshipped, preached and took communion with Cuban congregations."

Black History Month and the Cuban Solidarity Movement of the 1870s  2/25/2015 Zinn Education Project: "Seven years after the end of the Civil War, hundreds of African Americans in Baltimore gathered at historic Madison Street (Colored) Presbyterian Church for the purpose, “[O]f adopting measures to petition the Congress of the United States to tender the powerful mediation of this great government towards ameliorating the sad condition of a half million of our brethren now held in slavery in the island of Cuba by Spain.”[1] S.R. Scottron, noted black inventor and a co-founder of the Cuban Anti-Slavery Committee, was the evening’s keynote speaker."

Shadow and Act (A cinema of the African Diaspora): Raising funds: Disadvantaged Black students at Yale visit Cuba in documentary "Black and Cuba"  2/18/2015 Insight News: "Raising funds via Indiegogo, the documentary "Black and Cuba," directed by Robin J. Hayes, professor at The New School, follows a group of disadvantaged African American students at the prestigious Yale University, who take a field trip to Cuba to see "how revolution lives," and to get inspiration in order to pursue their own black resistance reading group."

Understanding Afro-Cubans  2/11/2015 Black Press USA: "Convened by the Miami-Dade County Black Affairs Advisory Board last Saturday, the panel included four Black Americans: Cornell professor Dr. Carole Boyce Davies; 100 Black Men of South Florida secretary Basil Binns II; Black Artists Collective president Gene Tinnie; and attorney Rene Gordon. Five Afro-Cuban panelists participated: St. Louis Cardinal outfielder Jon Jay; founder and volunteer CEO of Urgent Inc. Henry Crespo; CBS4 executive producer Caridad Hernandez; Civic Awareness Inc. president Andres Alburquerque; and David Rosemond of Community Outreach Specialists Sunshine Health. The panelists shared stories of how people view them as either Black or not Black, Cuban or not Cuban."

Afro-Cubans need our support  2/11/2015 Miami Times: "They are our brothers and sisters, but they are also Cubans. Dozens of Afro-Cubans turned out to a recent community discussions to share experiences of racism that are similar to what others in the African Diaspora face. Afro Cubans talked about being marginalized in their homeland and unwelcome among Blacks and Cubans in Miami. A guest panel of Afro-Cubans that included Henry Crespo Sr. shared their pain and struggles of trying to succeed in America while staying true to their ethnic identity. Living in South Florida’s racially diverse, but challenging city, Afro-Cubans needs the support of Blacks. Their problems do not make the headlines or front pages because their struggles are buried beneath shame and isolation."

Tampa-based Harlem in Havana made entertainment history  2/8/2015 Tampa Tribune: "What’s more, Harlem in Havana helped launch the careers of such stars as Chuck Berry, Mercedes Valdez, Redd Foxx and Fontella Bass, but its major attraction was the producer and ringmaster — Tampa’s own Leon Claxton. “My grandfather was the Tyler Perry of his time,” said Claxton’s granddaughter, Leslie Cunningham, 40, who is producing the documentary “Jig Show” about Harlem in Havana. From the 1930s to the 1960s, the show traveled some 25,000 miles a year by rail performing at state fairs."

Nat Turner’s fraught economic rebellion in New Orleans’ Lower 9th Ward  2/8/2015 Al Jazeera: "Almost home and still empty-handed, Thomas stops at an urban garden launched in 2006 by Nat Turner, named for the legendary leader of an 1831 slave uprising in Virginia. This Nat Turner taught social studies and debate at New York’s Beacon High School and drew media attention after a row with school authorities following a trip with his students to Cuba. The trip nearly cost him his job, were in not for what he says was the support of the teacher’s union and his attorneys."

The heroism of America's black troops  2/4/2015 Republican American: "When the Spanish-American War began, these "Buffalo soldiers" were sent to Cuba. Theodore Roosevelt and his Rough Riders never would have survived their reckless charge up San Juan Hill if the black soldiers of the 10th Calvary and 24th Infantry Regiment had not come to their rescue."

Understanding Afro-Cubans  2/4/2015 Miami Times: "The buzzwords at “A Village Dialogue: An Invitation from the Afro-Cuban Community” discussion are working together. The spirit of Cubans and Blacks working together comes to the forefront now that last month President Barack Obama decided to open up communications between the United States and Cuba. At the same time, panelists agreed that being Black should not be the thing that binds Blacks in America. “Skin color alone is not enough to bind a people together. We need to find cultural ties. We have to find ways to make that happen,” said Dr. Marvin Dunn, who authored “Black Miami in the Twentieth Century.”"

Cuba–US Talks and the Fate of Assata Shakur and Nehanda Abiodun  2/2/2015 Havana Times: "Unlike Assata (whose whereabouts are unknown and is believed to be at a secret location, owing to the US police effort to capture her), since the 90s Nehanda has organized a series of campaigns in her home to encourage the creation of a black and Afro-Cuban awareness movement. Her home has become a center for cultural and socio-political projects and the venue of Cuba’s first hip hop gatherings. She has also organized debates on contemporary issues and African history which have seen the participation of activists and artists, such as the Cuban rap band Anonimo Consejo."

Free trade with Cuba  1/29/2015 Amsterdam News: by Rep Charles Rangel - "The United States Chamber of Commerce is one of the strongest supporters of ending the embargo, which estimates it could create 6,000 American jobs and restore $1.2 billion annually to the U.S. economy. The economic embargo stifles an extra $250 million in potential annual exports of fertilizer, herbicides, pesticides and tractors. Ultimately, ending the embargo will, in addition to creating an estimated 6,000 American jobs, generate billions of dollars in revenue."

What is the Real Reason Behind Obama’s New Cuba Policy?  1/21/2015 Black Agenda Report: "Obama is reacting to occurrences that pose a significant geopolitical challenge to American hegemony in the Western hemisphere. The Russians and the Chinese have come knocking on America’s back door. From July 11 to 17, 2014, Russian President Vladimir Putin traveled through a multi nation Latin American tour ending with a summit of the BRICS nations (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) in Fortaleza, Brazil. These nations are among the fastest developing economies in the world, and their combined efforts have been posing significant geopolitical challenge to America and its European allies all over the globe. This is particularly the case since the 2008 economic crash."

Black Cubans: Restoring US Ties Is Cool, but America, Keep Your Hang-Ups About Race at Bay  1/21/2015 The Root: "Elia Espuet: Yes—I’m inclined to believe that as relations with Cuba and the United States go forward, the rich white Cubans will marginalize the black Cubans on the island. Unfortunately, I don’t see things becoming better for black Cubans."

Beyond the Rhetoric: What the U.S. Can Learn from Ole Cuba  1/12/2015 Thy Black Man: "Cuba has some of the best civil engineers and construction managers in the world. I have witnessed some of their projects being built on every continent of the world. Their work is excellent, affordable and reliable. It would be great if many of our Black businesses would joint venture with them and take on projects around the world as they do. There is nothing we could not build. As our new relationship builds, such activity can become a reality. This would build Black business capacity in this nation and create jobs by the millions. Yes, Cuba could greatly help us to get around the racial adversity that we face in this current economy."

The culture, the history, the hospitality: Remembering 2000 trip to Cuba  1/8/2015 Daytona Times: by Alberto Jones - "“I felt love,” said Robert A. Brooks, chairman of Black Studies at the African American Cultural Society. “The people were nice, generous, and giving – and had a real concern for others.” What amounted to a Brooklyn-Queens block party took a stance in miles of agricultural plains with goats along the countryside of thatched-roofed houses and quaint horse-drawn buggies."

Obama’s Cuban Revolution: What it Means for Afro-Cubans  12/31/2014 New York Amsterdam News: "Afro-Cuban author Pedro Perez- Sarduy is hopeful about the coming changes. He believes they will help his community. “Cuba was a socially stratified society before 1959, which is what I tried to show in my novel, ‘The Maids of Havana’,” he said. “The revolutionary process neutralized that, but the inherited racist prejudices of our recent pseudo-republican past (from 1902 to 1958) were not eradicated completely.” Perez-Sarduy is co-editor of “AfroCuba: An Anthology of Cuban Writing on Race, Politics and Culture” (2002). He notes, “We are very far from having a perfect society and aspire to get to that point. But racism is a disease that is very difficult to eradicate, because it is in the mind and in people’s attitudes… Each country has its own mechanisms for dealing with the scourge of racism, which was a result of the Middle Passage."

The Forgotten History of U.S.-Cuba Friendship  12/29/2014 Huff Post: "Black Americans have demonstrated a special interest, extending all the way back to Harlem Congressman Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., forcing the Eisenhower Administration to embargo arms shipments to Batista in 1958. Throughout the 1960s, many leaders in the civil rights and Black Power movements visited Cuba, to see for themselves how it overcame widespread poverty and discrimination, followed later by leading black Members of Congress. Even in the 1990s, Fidel Castro packed out Harlem's most famous church, Abyssinian Baptist. African Americans knew well what Mandela had said: that the 1988 defeat of white South Africa's vaunted army by Cuban troops backing the revolutionary Angolan government was a decisive blow against apartheid."

Blacks Should Support Normalizing Relations with Cuba  12/29/2014 The Skanner: Written by Benjamin F. Chavis, Jr., NNPA Columnist

How Barbara Lee’s 30-year Cuba campaign paid off  12/21/2014 SF Chronicle: "Lee and her delegation met that day for five hours with President Raul Castro in the first face-to-face session between U.S. lawmakers and Cuban leaders in at least five years. Both brothers, Lee recalled, expressed hope that the newly elected President Obama would change history and restore ties between the two countries. Last week, as she touched down on U.S. soil from another trip to Cuba — her 21st — the Oakland Democrat got the call: Obama was announcing a thawing of relations, an exchange of prisoners and the freeing of American Alan Gross, whom Lee had visited several times during his five-year Cuban captivity."

Why black Americans love Fidel Castro  12/20/2014 Quartz: "It was I who in 1987 first reported that Shakur had actually escaped to Cuba and was residing there, protected by Castro. I spent several days with Shakur at her apartment and walking along the Malecón; my Newsday colleague, photographer Ozier Muhammad, photographed her as she posed provocatively outside the US Interests Section, hands up in victory."

What Does Ending The Cold War With Cuba Mean For Afro-Cubans And African Americans  12/18/2014 News One: "Listen to Martin and the “NewsOne Now” panel featuring Rep. Charles Rangel, Roland Roebuck, Kim Brown, Lenny McAllister and Avis Jones-DeWeever discuss the political and economic impact the normalizing of relations with Cuba will mean for African Americans and Afro Cubans below. Let us know if you think ending the Cold War with Cuba was a good move."

Drapetomanía, una expo sobre el cimarronaje en el MoAD  12/13/2014 Negra Cubana: "La expo “Drapetomanía: Grupo Antillano and the Art of Afro-Cuba” se encuentra en estos momentos siendo exhibida en el Museo de la Diáspora Africana (MoAD) en San Francisco. La noticia nos la hace llegar el intelectual cubano y curador de la misma Alejandro de la Fuente. Con anterioridad, en el mes de mayo, dicha exposición estuvo en la galería The 8th Floor, en Nueva York y fue expuesta originalmente en el Centro Provincial de Artes Plásticas y Diseño en Santiago de Cuba (abril-mayo, 2013). La exposición, que celebra un grupo de artistas de la década de 1970, viajará a continuación a la galería de Ethelbert Cooper en el Hutchins Center for African and African American Research, Universidad de Harvard (primavera 2015)."

MoAD cuts the ribbon and welcomes art lovers to reimagined space  12/4/2014 SF Chronicle: "Executive Director Linda Harrison welcomed the crowd and introduced board chair Wade Rose, director of the Institute for Afro-Latin American Studies at Harvard; Alejandro de la Fuente (who curated the “Drapetomania: Grupo Antillano and the Art of Afro-Cuba” show); and artist Lava Thomas (whose sculptures and drawings are featured in “Lava Thomas: Beyond”). Then — blessed are the brief, and they were — short remarks were made by San Francisco City Administrator Naomi Kelly and by Willie Brown, who as mayor had hammered out the deal that created MoAD as part of a redevelopment project and who sits on the board of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture."

A New Destination for African Art  11/20/2014 NYT: "Sponsored by the Hutchins Center for African & African American Research and its founder Henry Louis Gates Jr., the Cooper Gallery holds a lot of promise, and has a stimulating program planned. Next up, an historical show of work by the now largely forgotten Afro-Cuban art and political movement called Grupo Antillano (1978-83), organized by Alejandro de la Fuente, a professor of Latin American history and African-American studies at Harvard."

Historia de las Ligas Negras de Estados Unidos - (VI)  10/27/2014 Marti Noticias: "Como hemos reseñado muchas veces, en estos artículos y otros espacios de Radio Martí, tres cubanos fueron elegidos al Salón de la Fama en la elección especial que se celebró en Tampa, el 27 de febrero del 2006. Los tres fueron elegidos entre jugadores dueños y ejecutivos de equipos que formaban las Ligas Negras de Estados Unidos y de equipos que funcionaron antes de que las Ligas Negras fueran debidamente organizadas en 1920."

A Herstory of the #BlackLivesMatter Movement by Alicia Garza  10/7/2014 The Feminist Wire 

Steve Coleman, a made-in-Chicago jazz master, wins a MacArthur  9/16/2014 Chicago Tribune:  "The Sign and the Seal" marked a notable collaboration in Havana for Coleman and the Mystic Rhythm Society with AfroCuba de Matanzas."

Caribbean roots of black church explored  9/11/2014 Miami Times: "Erskine said that the massive Afro-Caribbean population established a form of Christianity that not only preserved African gods and practices but fused them with Christian teachings, resulting in religions such as Cuba’s Santería. He said that the black religious experience in the United States was markedly different because African-Americans were a political and cultural minority."

African American Abstract Artists Exhibit in Cuba  8/31/2014 Radio Havana: "A group of 85 US museum directors, curators, intellectuals and artists, who were on hand at the opening, are scheduled to hold panels, visit Cuban cultural institutions and exchange views and ideas with Cuban colleagues. The exhibition will also travel to different museums in the United States, Europe and Africa. In related news, Havana’s Fine Art Biennial, scheduled for next year, will include an exhibit of the Bronx Museum for the first time on the island."

Cuba in talks for cultural exchange with US museum  8/7/2014 The Art Newspaper: "Cuba is in talks with the Bronx Museum to organise the first major exhibition by a US museum in the country, according to local reports. The show would be part of the 12th edition of the Havana Biennial next year, and could be followed by an exhibition in New York in 2016 that would feature work by Cuban artists. The Bronx Museum was not available for comment. The director of the National Fine Arts Museum in Havana, Ana Cristina Perera, announced the cultural exchange during the 1 August opening of “African American Artists and Abstraction”, an exhibition in Cuba that includes work by nine American artists."

Surrealism of Dali & African American Abstraction in Cuba  8/2/2014 Havana Times: "Within the growing cultural exchanges taking place between artists and personalities of Cuba and the United States, the Museum of Fine Arts in Havana recently opened two exhibitions “Memories of Surrealism” and “Abstraction and African American artists.”"

African Americans Should Care About Cuba’s Black History  6/21/2014 Atlanta Black Star: "There is a rich history in Cuba that should interest African Americans. With the restoration of diplomatic ties between the U.S. and Cuba, there are more opportunities to visit and learn."

“Estar conectada con personas negras siempre fue vital para el bienestar de Audre”  5/23/2014 Negra Cubana 

“Qué significa ser radical en el siglo XXI”: Entrevista a Angela Davis  5/19/2014 Marxismo Critico: "¿Son las mujeres participantes plenas de la política de hoy? Tal vez no del todo, pero hemos hecho muchos progresos. Respecto a cómo pensamos sobre los movimientos del pasado, animo a la gente a mirar más allá de las heroicas figuras masculinas. Si bien Martin Luther King es alguien a quien reverencio, no me gusta dejar que lo que representa borre las aportaciones de la gente corriente. El boicot de los autobuses de Montgomery en 1955 tuvo éxito porque hubo mujeres negras, trabajadoras domésticas, que se negaron a tomar el autobús. ¿Dónde estaríamos hoy si no hubieran actuado así?"

Audre Lorde y yo  5/10/2014 Negra Cubana: "El pasado jueves 8 de mayo, se presentó en la ciudad de Hannover el documental Audre Lorde: The Berlin years, de la realizadora alemana Dagmar Schultz, quien tuvo una especial relación con la intelectual afroestadounidense y que por más de 30 de años se dedicase a recopilar información documental sobre ella."

As Santería grows and evolves, the increasing focus on Africa opens rifts among the sects  3/28/2014 Miami Herald: "Cheryl Grills, a Loyola Marymount University psychology professor and Ifá practitioner, last fall arranged for Elebuibon to visit Havana, where he met with a group of babalawos for an informal two-day conference to talk about the roots of the religion. “It was a wonderful and enriching experience,” Grills said. “The babalawos there were so incredibly appreciative.” The host, a Cuban psychologist and Lukumi practitioner named Dr. William Viera, was so moved that he traveled to Nigeria in December to be initiated. There, Elebuibon bestowed him with the title of Havana’s “Araba,” the highest position a Yoruba traditional priest can earn."

Carta a Raúl Castro de Norman Hill - Instituto A. Philip Randolph  2/27/2014 Plataforma: "Le escribo como Presidente Emérito del Instituto A. Philip Randolph, or?ani!aci"n nacional compuesta principalmente por sindicalistas ne?ros #ue sir$en de puente entre los mo$imientos sindicalista % de derechos ci$iles para &omentar la alian!a laboral por la i?ualdad racial % la 'usticia econ"mica.(uisiera hacer constar mi &uerte protesta por el arresto del l)der disidente a&rocubano % porta$o! del mo$imiento social dem"crata Arco Pro?resista, Manuel Cuesta Mor*a, % por las condiciones represi$as de su puesta en libertad."

The Decline of Cuban Power in Miami  2/27/2014 Miami New Times: "If you don't know that, you don't know where you're living." Miami is where it is today, he added, "because of the Cubans who came here." Those comments prompted this response from Commissioner Dennis Moss: "That's part of what's wrong with Miami-Dade County. We're not about fairness. We're about power and money." Moss also noted, "Black folks built this community. To simply say that, well, Latins came to this town and all of a sudden this town is what it is — I resent that. My ancestors were helping build this county while other people were other places."

For Black Cubans, That Handshake Was Hope  12/17/2013 The Root: "“I knew what happened between Raúl and Obama because my assistant called me on the phone and told me,” said famed Afro-Cuban documentarian Gloria Rolando. . “He said, ‘Gloria! Gloria! Did you hear what happened?’ “That was the most important news that day … people were calling me all day about it. We don’t always make comments about news events, but we did about that one. “That meeting may be the window for the start of a new beginning for us.”"

How Miami's Shrewd Black Leadership Turned The Mandela Snub To Local Advantage  12/5/2013 WLRN: ""South Florida, meanwhile, was getting some hard facts about its tourism industry. Basically, it was discovering that while black travelers and conventions were a mainstay of Miami tourism, the industry had few ownership, management or even employment opportunities for African-Americans. 'We needed something to get national support. We were looking for something to ignite a movement.' Twenty percent of the conventions that had come to Miami the year before Mandela arrived were black, recalls H. T. Smith, a lawyer with deep Miami roots. It was a market segment worth hundreds of millions of dollars and local blacks couldn't even get hired as waiters or bartenders, he said."

Afro Cuban Relations with Florida  11/16/2013 Havana Times: "Can anyone imagine Jazz, professional baseball, Latin American and Caribbean literature, without Afro American and Afro Cuban close collaboration?"

Cuban art currently on show in Los Angeles  6/6/2013 Havana Cultura: "The California African American Museum of Art—in partnership with the Los Angeles Department of Cultural Affairs, Florida International University, and Fundación Amistad— currently hosts a retrospective exhibition covering over 50 years of Cuban visual artist Manuel Mendive's career. The show includes visual and performance work displaying Lukumi and Yoruba influences and tackling religious and political subject matter. The museum is also the venue of a second Cuban-themed exhibition entitled Afrodescendientes: photographer Roberto Chile in Guanabacoa. At the crossroads of photojournalism and artistic photography, the exhibit features the work that Cuban photographer and documentalist Roberto Chile carried out in the Island's easternmost province of Guanabacoa, whose population is largely composed of Afro-Cubans."

More visits by artists like Beyonce, Jay-Z, needed, says Afro-Cuban filmmaker  5/17/2013 Pittsburgh Courier: by Tonyaa Weathersbee

Not Your Daddy's COINTELPRO: Obama Brands Assata Shakur "Most Wanted Terrorist"  5/8/2013 Black Agenda Report: "It's been a week now since the $2 million dollar bounty and “most wanted terrorist” announcement. In that time, not a single nationally noted African American “leader” has raised his or her voice. Not Ben Jealous. Not a single black mayor or member of the Congressional Black Caucus. Not Rev. Jesse L. Jackson, and certainly not the presidential lap dog Al Sharpton. Sharpton has worn wires for the FBI more than once, and is credibly accused of trying to get close to people who were rumored to be close to Assata Shakur in the 1980s. Those people wisely avoided Rev. Al. Such is the pressure of subservient conformity among the black political class that not a single African American politician, religious leader, or personage of national note has opened his or her mouth in Assata Shakur's defense, with the solitary exception of Angela Davis, once a political prisoner and fugitive in the days before the word “terrorist” had been coined. Lockstep conformity like this is hard to shake. In their 45 minutes in an otherwise excellent Democracy Now show mostly devoted to Assata Shakur's case, neither Shakur's attorney Lennox Hinds nor Angela Davis could bring themselves even to hint that the president and attorney general were responsible for branding her as the nation's “most wanted terrorist.”

What’s behind renewed attacks on African American freedom fighter Assata Shakur?  5/7/2013 Pambazuka News: "This latest provocation against Shakur, 65, is directed not only against the veteran Black Panther Party (BPP) and Black Liberation Army (BLA) member, but represents an overhaul attack on the struggle of African Americans against racism and national oppression in the United States."

Supporters Say 'Hands Off Assata' Shakur  5/3/2013 The Root: "Many prominent blacks, from Angela Davis to Roland Martin, are speaking out in support of Shakur, and many folks on Twitter are expressing displeasure at the FBI as well. The hashtag #HandsOffAssata is being used to show support for Shakur online. Some of the tweets from the hashtag are below."

Beyonce and Jay Z Are Race Traitors for Going to Cuba !?!?  4/15/2013 Huffington Post: by Mark Sawyer, UCLA - "In the early 2000's the Cuban members of Congress funded projects located at HBCU's for scholars under to contract to produce articles on racism in Cuba. Scholars visited Cuba but did no original research and largely summarized the works of scholars like myself without any of the necessary context and caveats. We were then invited to a conference at Howard University hosted by Ileana Ross-Lehtinen so they could report their "findings" on racism in Cuba and have the validation of top scholars in the field. As the conservative Miami Cubans have struggled to connect with blacks on the island they have seen talking about racism on the island as a possible entrée to Afro-Cubans."

Tonyaa Weathersbee: A goal is reached after two decades  4/11/2013 Jax Air News: "This week marked two milestones for the African-American Cultural Society here. For nearly two decades, it had been trying to get Gloria Rolando, a renowned Afro-Cuban filmmaker whose work primarily deals with the triumphs and struggles of black people in that island nation, to visit. Last Sunday, she finally did. Rolando made a stop here after appearing in Atlanta and en route to other U.S. destinations. She showed two of her films, “The Jazz in Us” and “Cherished Island Memories.” Her lifetime mission has been to use film to uncover those portions of black Cuban life either lost or buried in history. “I am very curious,” Rolando told me. “I like to explore the history of a people, how they got there, what happened to them.”"

Filmmaker to visit Palm Coast  4/3/2013 Daytona Beach News-Journal: "Acclaimed Afro-Cuban filmmaker Gloria Rolando will make an appearance Sunday at the African American Cultural Society in Palm Coast. Alberto Jones, president and founder of the Caribbean American Children's Foundation, said he has been trying to get the Cuban filmmaker to visit Palm Coast for many years."

Gallery Guichard Fine Art Gallery: Helping People Collect Art with a Purpose  1/15/2013 Tom Joyner Foundation: "Guichard is well known internationally. Last year, he was one of the featured artists at the San Alejandro University and the Blue Havana Circle gallery in Havana, Cuba, a bridge of fine art between Havana, Cuba and America."

For Her People  7/4/2012 Jackson Free Press: "In 1968, Walker founded the Institute for the Study of the History, Life and Culture of Black People at JSU, now named the Margaret Walker Center. It is housed in Ayer Hall, the oldest building on Jackson State's campus. Dedicated to the preservation, interpretation and dissemination of African American history, the Margaret Walker Center seeks to honor her literary legacy and commitment to black studies with archival manuscripts and oral-history collections… The center engages the community through literacy projects and educational workshops and works with other JSU departments, including its partners: The Fannie Lou Hamer National Institute on Citizenship and Democracy, The Afro-Cuban Research Institute and The Veterans of the Mississippi Civil Rights Movement."

Teddy’s Big Day—But the Buffalo Soldiers Did the Heavy Lifting  7/1/2012 Heretic, Rebel, a Thing to Flout 

Owning the Revolution: Race, Revolution, and Politics from Havana to Miami, 1959–1963  6/1/2012 eScholarship 

Activating The Past—event and edited volume  5/31/2012 EthnoCuba: "...many of the essays prominently place Cuban history and ethnography within an inter-Atlantic conversation. Thus, for instance, the first chapter, by Stephan Palmié: “Ekpe/Abakuá in Middle Passage: Time, Space and Units of Analysis in African American Historical Anthropology.” There are also Cuba-centered chapters by art historian Judith Bettelheim, “Espiritismo Altars in Puerto Rico and Cuba: The Indian and the Congo,” and Carrie Viarnes, “Muñecas and Memoryscapes: Negotiating Identity and History in Cuban Espiritismo.” Surely, however, the broader value of the volume is in (re)emplacing Cuba within wider currents, histories, and movements."

On a frank and, sometimes, heated conversation about race, between Henry Louis Gates Jr. and Ilan Stevens  5/1/2012 Politico beta 

Raising Funds: Disadvantaged Black Students at Yale Visit Cuba in Doc "Black and Cuba"  4/30/2012 IndieWire: "Raising funds via Indiegogo, the documentary Black and Cuba, directed by Robin J. Hayes, professor at The New School, follows a group of disadvantaged African American students at the prestigious Yale University, who take a field trip to Cuba to see "how revolution lives," and to get inspiration in order to pursue their own black resistance reading group."

FMP - Mark Wells on Afro-Cubans and protest against the imprisonment of Darsi Ferrer, part 2  1/15/2012 YouTube: part of the Carlos Moore campaign - "A group of prominent African Americans, traditionally sympathetic to the Cuban revolution, have for the first time condemned Cuba, demanding Havana stop its callous disregard for black Cubans and declaring that racism in Cuba must be confronted."

Current Transnational Research I: Historical and Cultural Flows  11/4/2011 AfroLatin@ Forum: "Maya Berry is a third-generation Cuban-American and an artist-scholar of Afro-Cuban dance. She completed her Master's degree in performance studies at New York University and is currently a doctoral student of anthropology at the University of Texas at Austin. A Ford Foundation Fellow, her work looks at the performance and management of ‘national culture’ as a window into the nature of Afro-Cuban representation within both the nation-state and the national imaginary of Cuba from abroad. Her aim is to contribute to conversations about the hindrances and avenues to the increased political participation of African descendants in the Americas."

Review: Forging Diaspora: Afro-Cubans and African Americans in a World of Empire and Jim Crow  6/1/2011 Essays in History: "Forging Diaspora is an impressive effort to unmask the long history of relations between the peoples of the United States and Cuba, a task begun by Louis A. Pérez, Jr. in the late 1990s.[4] Guridy approaches this problematic with a fresh perspective, one that takes people of African descent as its main agents. From the perspective of Cuban history, this work advances scholarly understandings of the role of empire in shaping relations between the United States and Cuba, while also bringing into the discussion a fruitful analytical tool – Diaspora – which has thus far been relatively absent in studies of Latin Americans of African descent. This volume challenges readers to think about the process of constructing Diaspora, as opposed to the simple existence of it and encourages scholars to search for new vantage points from which to study community and identity formation."

From Cuba, progress that U.S. refuses to see  5/30/2011 USA Today: by DeWayne Wickham, head of the Trotter Group of African American columnists

Common gets a bad rap on Assata Shakur  5/14/2011 Guardian: "So, cue conservative outrage over Michelle Obama's inviting rapper Common to a White House poetry reading, because Common wrote an adulatory song about Black Panther Assata Shakur. The New Jersey state police protested. Is it possible that the vile New Jersey police – just this week it was announced that Newark's police department is being investigated by the justice department for multiple civil rights violations – and their rightwing puppetmasters do not know about COINTELPRO? That while Soviet tanks crushed Prague's spring, in America, police assassins, provocateurs and slanderers felled our saints as they slept?"

A review of PBS “Black in Latin America. Cuba: the Next Revolution”  5/1/2011 EthnoCuba: "Just this week, PBS has been showing a series on race in Latin America. This is Prof. Maria Elena Díaz’s very illuminating review of the Cuba episode:"

Full Episode: Cuba: The Next Revolution  4/26/2011 PBS: "In Cuba Professor Gates finds out how the culture, religion, politics and music of this island are inextricably linked to the huge amount of slave labor imported to produce its enormously profitable 19th century sugar industry, and how race and racism have fared since Fidel Castro’s Communist revolution in 1959."

Miami's Continuing Color Problem  12/14/2010 The Root: "There were too many police shootings of unarmed black men in Miami for my taste, and in the prior decade, one of the most notorious police shootings had led to violent riots. There was not a visible black middle-class community, although middle-class blacks were scattered about, but there were plenty of visibly poor and badly deteriorated black neighborhoods. African Americans were mostly politically marginalized and had even less economic power. Cuban Americans -- many of them fair-skinned "white" conservative Republicans, uninterested in power sharing -- were politically ascendant. (Afro-Cubans and other Afro-Latinos, for the most part, blended into the African-American community.) Non-Hispanic white residents were fleeing Dade County and heading to whiter suburbs in northern counties."

Review: Forging Diaspora: Afro-Cubans and African Americans in a World of Empire and Jim Crow  12/4/2010 African Diaspora Archaeology Newsletter: "Frank Andre Guridy has produced a fascinating study of "cross national exchange between Afro-Cubans and African Americans" (p. 2). While the focus of this book is on four specific stories, the author's ambitions extend to commentary on the phenomenon of diaspora, the awareness and kaleidoscopic expression of a people's migration in multiple national and temporal contexts. Guridy contends that "Afro-descended peoples in Cuba and the United States came to identify themselves as being part of a transcultural African diaspora, an identification that did not contradict black aspirations for national citizenship" (p. 4)."

Contemporary Afro-Cuban Voices in Tampa: Reclaiming Heritage in “America’s Next Greatest City”  10/14/2010 University of South Florida: by Linda M. Callejas

Right Tries to Bloc NAACP Criticism of Tea Party Racism  7/21/2010 Black Voice News: "What surprised me was the opposition of Cynthia Tucker, African-American editor of the Atlanta Journal-Constitution who wrote that the NAACP had no business condemning the Tea Party. Her view was: 1) she did not know what “elements” of racism were; 2) this would confirm that the NAACP was an arm of the Democratic Party; 3) the NAACP did not purge its own ranks; and 4) the resolution just draws attention to the Tea Partiers. This is very weak stuff for the editor of a major American newspaper, especially coming an African American."

?Encuentro con delegación de Estados Unidos  6/3/2010 Noticias de la Biblioteca Nacional José Martí: "Un fructífero intercambio sostuvieron el Dr. Eduardo Torres Cuevas, director de la Biblioteca Nacional de Cuba José Martí y el investigador de la propia institución Tomás Fernández Robaina, con una delegación de periodistas norteamericanos."

Why Defame Cuba? A Congregant’s Plea to Rev. Jeremiah Wright  4/13/2010 Black Agenda Report: "Lots of unexpected names turned up as signatories to a letter charging the Cuban government with systematic discrimination against Blacks. Among those who committed the foul injustice against Cuba, and shamed themselves, was Rev. Jeremiah Wright, Barack Obama’s former pastor. A fellow member of the United Church of Christ asks, respectfully, that the minister explain himself."

The big lies against Cuba  3/13/2010 SF Bay View: "by Ashaki Binta for the Cuban Working Group of the Black Left Unity Network"

The Insanity of the African American Racial ‘Critique’ of Cuba  3/9/2010 Black Agenda Report: "Late last year, a group of 60 prominent African Americans circulated a letter denouncing racism in, of all places, Cuba. I say, of all places, because almost any other country on the planet would be a better target than Cuba for a scathing and very public racial critique by African Americans… The signatories cite figures that purport to show that people of African descent are more likely to be incarcerated than whites. But those same figures show a much lower rate of Black incarceration in Cuba than in the United States, and a far lower percentage of Blacks among Cuban political prisoners. Still, Dr. Walters wants to make the Black condition in Cuba “part of any negotiations on the normalization of relations between the U.S. and Cuba.” In that statement, Walters is saying that the United States – of all nations – should negotiate with Cuba on the status of Cuba's Black citizens, before the U.S. lifts its illegal embargo and otherwise starts behaving like a civilized neighbor. I must assume that means the Cubans will have the same right to negotiate the treatment of Black Americans: an end to mass Black American incarceration, freedom for Black American political prisoners, a lowering of Black unemployment – and all the rest of our problems."

The shamelessness of the United States government  2/26/2010 Granma: "ONE out of every four prisoners in the world is in a U.S. penitentiary. The composition of these prisoners is profoundly racist: one out of every 15 black adults is incarcerated; one out of every 9 is aged 20-34 years; and one out of every 36 Hispanics. Two-thirds of those serving life sentences are African Americans or Latinos, and in the case of New York state, only 16.3% of prisoners are white. Every year, 7,000 people die in U.S. prisons, many of them murdered or suicides. For example, U.S. prison guards routinely use Taser guns on prisoners. According to a recent report, 230 U.S. citizens have died as a result of the use of these weapons since 2001. The report refers to the case of a county jail in Garfield, Colorado, accused of regularly using Taser guns and pepper spray on prisoners, and then tying them to chairs in extreme positions for hours at a time."

FMP - Mark Wells on Afro-Cubans and protest against the imprisonment of Darsi Ferrer, part 1  1/13/2010 YouTube: part of the Carlos Moore campaign - "A group of prominent African Americans, traditionally sympathetic to the Cuban revolution, have for the first time condemned Cuba, demanding Havana stop its callous disregard for black Cubans and declaring that racism in Cuba must be confronted."

African American activists, including Jeremiah Wright and Cornel West, blast Cuba on racism  1/4/2010 LA Times 

Black activists launch rare attack on Cuba about racism  1/3/2010 LA Times: "The CIA World Factbook says blacks are 35% of the Cuban population, but many observers say that figure is probably above 60%. (The discrepancies arise from the way the Cuban government counts and classifies race.) The ratio of people of color has grown since the Castros took power, as wealthier whites fled for Miami and elsewhere. The remittances whites sent to families on the island have widened the income gap between Cuba's blacks and whites, said Mark Sawyer, a UCLA political science professor and Cuba expert who signed the document. So has a preference for hiring whites in a tourist industry that has become more important with the collapse of the government-regulated economy, he said. The Castro government has long treated racism as an issue solved by the revolution, which promised equality for all. But despite the Castros' early and overt denunciation of racism, it continues to be a pernicious presence in Cuban daily life. Sawyer offered one example, noting that kinky black hair is commonly referred to as pelo malo, or "bad hair.""

WE STAND WITH CUBA!  12/28/2009 Black Educator: "DECLARATION OF AFRICAN AMERICAN ACTIVISTS, INTELLECTUALS AND ARTISTS IN CONTINUED SOLIDARITY WITH THE CUBAN REVOLUTION"

The Phantom Letter  12/23/2009 Havana Times: "A reply signed by eight Cuban intellectuals including De la Hoz had been published days earlier in Granma under the heading: “A message from Cuba to the African-American intellectuals and artists.” The reply ran without making known the contents of the declaration from the US that provoked such a response. It astonishes me that in this 21st century the newspaper should utilize such a misleading tactic, thus giving Cuban readers free rein to speculate about the reasons that may or may not have led the African American intellectuals in the US to dare produce such a declaration. ...What, then, could the ghostly declaration be talking about? Could it be that it’s grounded in the everyday life of black Cubans today?"

We Stand With Cuba!: African Americans Express Solidarity With the Revolution  12/20/2009 PanAfrican Newswire 

Racist or Revolutionary: Cuba’s Identity is at Stake  12/18/2009 Defenders Online: by Ron Walters - "In the meantime, the Cuban government’s rejection of the concerns expressed by African Diaspora leaders who’ve long supported their revolution only intensifies the sense that it’s not interested in reforming racial practices there. Perhaps government officials believe the push to normalize relations with the U.S. government trumps its longstanding relationship with black Americans. This would waste a tremendous opportunity to complete the goals of fundamental social change envisioned by those who made the revolution, and those who supported it after its initial success."

Reverse images: The acrimonious debate on race in Cuba  12/15/2009 SF Bay View: "If Moore were honest, he’d promote dialogue to break the information blockade that prevents African Americans from knowing what truly is happening in Cuba. He’d promote a hemispheric Black Consciousness Movement, a movement that took the form of the Black Power Movement in the U.S., to energize a movement to help dispel the centuries old fiction of racial democracy in the former Latin colonies. He’d address a need for a hemispheric reparations movement. Instead of promoting racial solidarity and political progressiveness in the West, Carlos Moore has spent the last 50 years fighting communism and spitting on the only country in the Western Hemisphere to have spilled blood in the last 100 years fighting for the rights of Africa and Black people."

Challenging Cuba as the violator of black people's rights? Really?  12/10/2009 Uhuru Newws: "The document states, “Racism in Cuba, and anywhere else in the world, is unacceptable and must be confronted!” African Internationalism, the theory of Chairman Omali Yeshitela, contends that if we confront and defeat imperialism (and the U.S. is the leading imperialist power) then racism — the ideas in the heads of our oppressors — will be a non-issue. I agree."

Cuban opposition pleased by African American support  12/10/2009 Radio Marti 

Cuban opposition pleased by African American support. By Professor Emeritus, David Covin.  12/10/2009 Cuba, Democracia y Vida: ""This letter is a very positive step, said Jorge Soca, because before no one wanted to talk about this. There has always been the notion that racism in Cuba did not exist but this is a lie", she added." [And that too is a lie, since racism in Cuba has been discussed for years, both in and out of Cuba.]

Importante líder afronorteamericana retira su firma de la carta que acusó a Cuba de racismo  12/8/2009 CubaDebate: "Makani Themba-Nixon, directora ejecutiva The Praxis Project que aparece entre los firmantes de una carta de intelectuales y líderes afronorteamericanos que habían acusado a Cuba de prácticas de racismo y acoso de los ciudadanos negros, ha divulgado este lunes una nota en la que pide que su nombre no aparezca en ese documento."

Cuba’s Role in an African Genocide and Revolutionary Racism on the Island  12/7/2009 Notes from the Cuban Exile Quarter: "One of the deeds that the dictatorship in Cuba wants to keep hidden from the world and African Americans in particular, is its role in the mass killings in Ethiopia in the 1970s and 1980s. Beginning in late 1977, the first 5,000 of what would eventually number over 17,000 Cuban military personnel arrived in Ethiopia. By 1987 the Cuban presence had dropped to fewer than 2,000 personnel. During 1977-78, a conservative estimate of over 30,000 Africans perished as a result of the Red Terror unleashed by the Ethiopian Communists and their Cuban allies. Amnesty International concluded that "this campaign resulted in several thousand to perhaps tens of thousands of men, women, and children killed, tortured, and imprisoned." Sweden's Save the Children Fund lodged a formal protest in early 1978 denouncing the execution of 1,000 children, many below the age of thirteen, whom the communist government had labeled "liaison agents of the counter revolutionaries."

Envían desde Cuba mensaje a los intelectuales y artistas afronorteamericanos  12/4/2009 CubaDebate 

Nueva declaración de condena al racismo en Cuba, de personalidades caribeñas  12/4/2009 Cuba Puntos de Vista: from Jamaica's intellectual elite.

Mensaje desde Cuba a los intelectuales y artistas afronorteamericanos  12/4/2009 Jiribilla 

High-Profile Group Urges Cuba to Stop Racism  12/2/2009 BET: “This is historic,” Enrique Patterson, an Afro-Cuban Miami author, told the Web site. Although predominantly White Cuban exiles “tried to approach these people before, they lacked credibility. Now [African Americans] are listening.”

African-American group challenges Cuba on race  12/2/2009 Miami Herald: "While the African American signers support Cuba's right to sovereignty ``and unhesitatingly repudiate any attempt at curtailing such a right,'' the statement added they ``cannot sit idly by and allow for peaceful, dedicated civil rights activists in Cuba, and the black population as a whole, to be treated with callous disregard.'' ``Racism in Cuba, and anywhere else in the world, is unacceptable and must be confronted,'' their statement declared."

Prominent black Americans condemn Cuba on racism  12/1/2009 Miami Herald: "The statement was largely driven by Carlos Moore, a highly regarded Cuban author and black-rights activist living in Brazil who has long criticized racial discrimination in Cuba. Moore persuaded Abdias Nascimiento, a founder of Brazil's black movement and longtime Castro supporter, to send Raúl Castro a letter earlier this year denouncing racism in Cuba, then appealed to friends and contacts in the black community to add their support. "Without this historic figure, no one would have listened," said Patterson, who predicted that other high-profile black Americans will soon add their signatures to the statement."

Obama's ex-pastor doesn't like Cuba, either  12/1/2009 Uncommon Sense: by Marc Masferrer, the great nephew of that quintessential Cuban hoodlum, El Tigre Masferrer.

Subject: Prominent black Americans condemn Cuba on racism  12/1/2009 James Early: [Early responds to the articles about Carlos Moore's letter campaign among African Americans.]

ACTING ON OUR CONSCIENCE - A DECLARATION OF AFRICAN AMERICAN SUPPORT FOR THE CIVIL RIGHTS STRUGGLE IN CUBA  12/1/2009 Carlos Moore: A letter organized by Carlos Moore

Commentary: Is black America's honeymoon with the Castros over?  12/1/2009 McClatchy: By Carlos Moore "In a landmark "Statement of Conscience by African-Americans," 60 prominent black American scholars, artists and professionals have condemned the Cuban regime's apparent crackdown on the country's budding civil rights movement. "Racism in Cuba, and anywhere else in the world, is unacceptable and must be confronted," said the document, which also called for the "immediate release" of Dr. Darsi Ferrer, a black civil rights leader imprisoned in July. The U.S. State Department estimates Afro-Cubans make up 62 percent of the Cuban population, with many informed observers saying the figure is closer to 70 percent."

Líderes negros condenan el racismo en Cuba  12/1/2009 El Nuevo Herald 

African-American group challenges Cuba on race  12/1/2009 Miami Herald: "The growing number of Afro-Cuban activists complaining about racial discrimination and casting their struggle as an issue of ``civil rights,'' rather than ``human rights,'' has helped to draw the attention of African Americans, said Victoria Ruiz-Labrit, Miami spokesperson for the Cuba-based Citizens' Committee for Racial Integration."

Commentary: Is black America's honeymoon with the Castros over?  12/1/2009 McClatchy: By Carlos Moore

Apartheid protesters got it right  9/20/2009 Miami Herald: [Another fine example of the Miami Mafia debasing imagery from the Black struggle.]

Racial Politics in Post-Revolutionary Cuba  8/5/2009 Google Books: Mark Sawyer, quotes Carlos Moore extensively.

Black Vs. White - Miami Remains The Same  5/27/2009 Miami New Times: "As much as I hate it when politicians play the race card when they are facing possible criminal charges, I can't just dismiss it either in the case of Spence-Jones. After all, Sarnoff is the city's only Anglo commissioner and Arriola is one of the most prominent Anglo Cuban Americans in Miami. Together they initiated a criminal probe into the city's only black, and only female, commissioner."

James Early: Carlos Moore's Outcast Vision and Dangerous Deceit  12/28/2008 CubaNews: "As I've previously mencioned, Moore and others are part of a recent trend to claim that Obama's election is some kind of threat to Cuba because Obama is Black and because, supposedly, this means that Cuban government can no longer say that the United States is racist. As I've mentioned more than once before, Cuba DOES continue to have racial problems, but they are both nothing compared to the racial problem which are widespread in the United States. Their origins and nature are quite different and it's extraordinarly disingenuous to try to conflate them as the group of people such as Carlos Moore, the Miami Herald, and others, all of whom have a long history of hostility toward the revolutionary government in Cuba, have been trying to do."

Lest We Forget: An open letter to my sisters who are brave  3/27/2008 The Root: Alice Walker on Obama - "True to my inner Goddess of the Three Directions however, this does not mean I agree with everything Obama stands for. We differ on important points probably because I am older than he is, I am a woman and person of three colors, (African, Native American, European), I was born and raised in the American South, and when I look at the earth's people, after sixty-four years of life, there is not one person I wish to see suffer, no matter what they have done to me or to anyone else; though I understand quite well the place of suffering, often, in human growth. I want a grown-up attitude toward Cuba, for instance, a country and a people I love; I want an end to the embargo that has harmed my friends and their children, children who, when I visit Cuba, trustingly turn their faces up for me to kiss."

End failed trade ban with Cuba  12/14/2007 Times Union: by Tonyaa Weathersbee - ""When I approached this solid waste dump, I couldn't even smell it," said Alberto Jones, who is a native of Guantanamo and vice president of the friendship association. "It was like a botanical garden ... the air quality has improved in that area tremendously." "When I met this lady [Garcia], I said to Soledad: 'She ought to be a CNN hero,' " Weeks told me. So Weeks nominated Garcia. And she won. The living room erupted into cheers. Then came the rude interruption. Actress Rosario Dawson announced that because of travel restrictions between the United States and Cuba, Garcia couldn't come to New York to pick up her $10,000 prize. Jones had to accept it on her behalf. Such craziness ought to make more Americans want to step up - and push for an end to the failed embargo and travel ban."

Attacking Tonyaa Weathersbee  12/2/2007 AfroCubaWeb: "Tonyaa Weathersbee is a columnist for the Florida Times Union out of Jacksonville. A member of the prestigious Trotter Group of African American columnists in the US, she has maintained an interest in Cuba and issues of race & identity there. In September, 2007, Tonyaa Weathersbee wrote an article about a recent trip she took to Cuba, One Race, Two Countries. A group of 4 Cuban Americans attacked her for this article in a letter to the editor, Cuba is no paradise for blacks, 11/07, citing a few myths that are common among Cuban Americans. AfroCubaWeb columnist Alberto Jones comments on this attack in A Failed Revisionist attempt To Mask Cuba’s Tragic History, 11/07."

Miami Protesters Say: Jail Killer Cops!”  12/1/2007 Socialist Action: "Rage over the deaths of four unarmed Black men by Miami cops over a 19-day period has sparked angry protests against police brutality. The rash of deaths began on Oct. 25 when a young Haitian man, Gracia "BG" Beaugris, was shot three times while walking home with his father's laundry. While Miami officials promise an investigation, the state attorney's office has not convicted a single cop involved in the death of an African American in 20 years, despite many such cases. No indictments in the recent deaths have been filed."

Seeing the people, not Cold War politics  11/5/2007 Florida Times-Union: by Tonyaa Weathersbee, a member of the Trotter Group, an association of Black US columnists. This article discusses Alberto Jones, whose columns appear on AfroCubaWeb.

AfroLatinos at TransAfrica Washington  10/19/2007 TransAfrica: "Keepers of the culture from Colombia and Venezuela were in Washington last Thursday to talk about the current conditions of African descendants living in the two South American countries. “Language has separated us,” said Marino Cordoba of Colombia to the mostly AngloAfrican (Englishspeaking Black) crowd at the K Street, NW offices of TransAfrica, the leading African American lobbying group for the African diaspora. “We need to learn each others language,” he continued. Cordoba also called for the support of U.S. House Resolution 618, sponsored by Congressional Black Caucus member Donald Payne (DNJ). The resolution calls for the Colombian government to do more to end the discrimination, marginalization and violence against Colombians of African descent. Cordoba, who had to flee his birth country after being threatened by the paramilitary, now works for a Latino advocacy group in suburban Washington. Joining Cordoba were Jesus Garcia, the editor of the journal Africamerica, and Geronimo SanchezGarcia, a faculty member of the Instituto niversitaro de Barlovento, one of the few historically Black institutions in Latin America. The later two are from Venezuela, whose President recently made an historic announcement that indicated the historic debt Venezuelan society owes the descendants of enslaved Africans. Unlike the American constitution that defined Africans as 3/5 of a human being (in ancient Egyptian logic five represented a whole human), many Latin countries never legally defined race. Therefore Garcia sees this as an “advance,” and, ironically, is seeking constitutional recognition of AfricanVenezuelans."

Where is Sara Gomez? (¿Dónde está Sara Gomez?)  10/1/2007 Scope: A Review by Kwame Dixon, Syracuse University, USA

The Arthur McDuffie Riots of 1980  8/12/2007 Miami Beach 411: "The Miami race riots (also known as the Arthur McDuffie Riots) of May 1980 were the first major race riots after the end of the civil rights movement. The Miami Black community, long abused and neglected by civic leaders who, among other things, placed I-95 straight through the cultural center of their neighborhoods, was getting angrier by the day. Recently arrived Latin and Haitian immigrants were taking jobs and social benefits that had traditionally belonged to Blacks. Cuban refugees wielding money and power were beginning to take control of the city, and as such were awarding minority contracts and jobs to Cubans instead of African-Americans. This, combined with the continuous poverty and degradation of their neighborhoods, had Miami’s Black community ready to snap."

Pro-Castro Columnist Compares Black Exiled Dissident to Maid  7/17/2007 Miami Herald Blogs: published 3/06 - "Andres Gomez, the leader of the pro-Castro group Antonio Maceo Brigade who lives in Miami, writes in a Cuban government publication that anti-revolutionary activity is undergoing a renaissance of sorts in the United States. He singles out for ridicule Bibliotecas Independientes, or Independent Libraries, a group that promotes literacy and the development of civil society in Cuba. Writing in cubadebate.cu, a Cuban government web site, Gomez uses the race of Ramon Colas, the group's leader, as part of his criticism. "This organization, whose only visible member includes a little Negro who travels a lot, whose style and mannerisms remind me of maids in Cuba before 1959, always dressed in their white uniforms -- seems to ignore, just like his masters, that in Cuba, for example, during the last 15 years, they celebrate annually a national book fair." Colas said it's the only time he has felt any "racism'' since he came to Miami about 5 years ago from Cuba. "He is using a series of offensive and racists words against me that you would never get away with using against African Americans," Colas said of Gomez… "It's not racist, really, it's an estimation of mine of what he is," Gomez said Wednesday. "It's not racist in the least. He is like that. And I maintain what I said. In any case, he'd be a shame to his race.""

Three US rap stars denounce the September 11th lie  1/31/2007 Voltaire Net 

After 40 Years, the First National Security Whistleblower Still Seeks Justice  11/30/2006 Common Dreams: published 2/17/06 - "After an outstanding career in law enforcement, Abraham Bolden was appointed by John F. Kennedy to be the first African American presidential Secret Service agent, where he served with distinction. But you haven't heard about Abraham Bolden during Black History month, because after helping to prevent JFK's assassination in the weeks before Dallas, Bolden was arrested on the very day he went to Washington to tell the Warren Commission about those attempts. Caught in a maze of National Security concerns that only became clear after four million pages of JFK files were released in the 1990s, Bolden was sentenced to six years in prison, becoming America's first National Security Whistleblower. The files released after Congress passed the JFK Act unanimously in 1992 show the massive amount of information that had been withheld from at least five Congressional investigations. Even worse, the Final Report of the JFK Board created by Congress shows that crucial files about attempts against JFK--the cases Bolden worked on--were destroyed by the Secret Service in 1995. And, a report by the government oversight group OMB Watch says that "well over one million CIA records" related to JFK's era remain unreleased, perhaps until the mandatory release date of 2017... Unknown to Bolden until recently, the crux of all this secrecy about the attempts to assassinate JFK in Chicago, Tampa, and Dallas were John and Robert Kennedys' "Plan for a Coup in Cuba" to overthrow Fidel Castro on December 1, 1963. The most secret operation of the Kennedy years, the CIA side of the operation was code-named AMWORLD, a term withheld from five Congressional investigations (and the Warren Commission) and declassified only in the 1990s. It appeared in print for the first time just three months ago. Using declassified files from the National Archives, we found that in the days, weeks, and months before Dallas, Robert Kennedy had a secret government committee looking at how the US could deal with the "assassination of American officials" if Castro found out about the Kennedys' coup plan, and tried to retaliate."

Negroes with Guns: Robert Williams and Black Power  2/7/2006 Independent Lens: "NEGROES WITH GUNS: Rob Williams and Black Power tells the dramatic story of the often-forgotten civil rights leader who urged African Americans to arm themselves against violent racists. In doing so, Williams not only challenged the Klan-dominated establishment of his hometown of Monroe, North Carolina, he alienated the mainstream Civil Rights Movement, which advocated peaceful resistance. For Williams and other African Americans who had witnessed countless acts of brutality against their communities, armed self-defense was a practical matter of survival, particularly in the violent, racist heart of the Deep South. As the leader of the Monroe chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), Williams led protests against the illegal segregation of Monroe’s public swimming pool. He also drew international attention to the harsh realities of life in the Jim Crow South. All the while, Williams and other protestors met the constant threat of violence and death with their guns close at hand."

Katrina's Window Into Slavery's Past — and Present  9/21/2005 Village Voice: "Rebecca J. Scott's Degrees of Freedom is a fascinating and well-written piece of comparative history, but it's not exactly written for a mass audience. Its subtitle, however, says that it should be: "Louisiana and Cuba After Slavery." Scott (see photo) is a University of Michigan law and history professor who spent years trying to understand what happened after the Civil War — and after the Spanish-American War — to the hundreds of thousands of slaves working in the huge sugar-cane industries of Louisiana and Cuba. Those who are rebuilding New Orleans would do well to capitalize on what's inside Scott's suddenly extremely timely book. With the Bush regime in power, that's unlikely to happen. But here's a question posed and analyzed by Scott: After slavery, how did the African Americans fare, compared with the African Cubans? I'll be more simplistic than Scott: Since slavery officially ended, the African Americans have been treated worse, and this was apparent long before Fidel Castro was even born."

Assata - Rap Icons Godmother Still Gaining Support  8/25/2005 Thug Life Army: "Dear Mayor Palmer: Let me introduce myself by saying that ASSATA SHAKUR is my sister, friend, and comrade in the struggle for human rights of all oppressed people. When three “Freedom Fighters” boldly took action in 1979 and entered the Clinton Correctional Facility and liberated Sister ASSATA from the chains and shackles of her jailers, I rejoiced. I was proud to be apart of a generation of young African Americans that were courageous and committed enough to go up against America and didn’t give a damn about odds."

Rap Icons Godmother Target of Amendment  6/18/2005 Thug Life Army: "Many prominent and influential politicians, hip-hop and rap artists and community groups have stepped forward to show support for Assata and her struggle. There is an attempt to further the kidnapping of Tupac’s godmother and political activist Assata Shakur. We received the following from a member of the Congressional Black Caucus today."

Castro Speaks on Rap Icon's Godmother  5/11/2005 AP: "On Tuesday, he referred to Bush as "the little Hitler" and suggested he wanted to dominate the world. Castro dedicated more than an hour to reading for Cubans a New York Times story about the Posada case and again listed numerous terrorist actions that that Cuban officials attribute to Posada or his associates. He even suggested that Posada and his friend Orlando Bosch might have ties to the 1963 assassination of former U.S. President John F. Kennedy. "There are strange things, very strange, mixed up here," Castro said."

New Campaign For Rap Icon's Godmother  5/6/2005 Thug Life Army: "The following information is provided by The Talking Drum Collective of Stone Mountain, Ga. The Hands Off Assata Campaign is a coming together of organizations and individuals who are outraged by the heightened attempts by the federal government, congress of the united states and the State of New Jersey to illegally force thru kidnapping a return of Assata Shakur from Cuba to the plantation United States…"

Miami’s Royal Palm Sells For $127.5m  2/1/2005 Black Enterprise: "The Royal Palm Crowne Plaza Resort, a black-owned luxury Miami hotel, is changing hands now that developer R. Donahue Peebles has agreed to sell it to The Falor Co. for $127.5 million. Peebles stands to make a hefty profit, as he reportedly spent $84 million to acquire the 417-room, oceanfront resort, which opened in 2002. His company, Peebles Atlantic Development Corp. (No. 42 on the BE INDUSTRIAL/ SERVICE 100 list with $82 million in sales), was named the BLACK ENTERPRISE Company of the Year in 2004. Peebles’ acquisition of the Royal Palm was a high-profile venture because its sale to an African American developer was a concession by Miami Beach to end a three-year tourism boycott." [Sold to a white developer.]

PROTEST MEASURES AGAINST US STUDENTS IN CUBA  6/29/2004 Cuba Now: "US religious leader Rev. Lucius Walker has circulated an urgent alert on government measures against American youths studying medicine in Cuba and called on supporters of the scholarship program to protest what he described as “unfair and mean-spirited regulations.” The alert says that, among the new and even more stringent measures against Cuba, are “certain changes which, in our view, constitute a direct attack on the scholarship opportunity which Cuba has extended to 500 US students.” Rev. Walker also highlights the racist implications of the new regulations: “Almost 80 (soon to be 100) African Americans, Latinos, Asian Americans, Native Americans and poor white students are faced with the loss of their medical careers… they could not afford to pursue their dreams of becoming doctors in the US. Now their own government is telling them that they cannot accept a full scholarship from Cuba.” "

U.S. Policy on Cuba Deprives Black Americans  11/18/2003 Black America Web: "On Pennsylvania Avenue, it's all about the 2004 election. And that means that traveling to Cuba - a majority-black nation - must remain a no-no for most of us, otherwise Miami's Cuban exiles, who are more than 90 percent white, will put a chokehold on the Bush administration's re-election bid. But the larger issue regarding the travel ban to Cuba isn't the White House's political schemes. It's that you - Mr. and Ms. BlackAmericaWeb.com - are being deprived of an affirming and even life-changing experience. Cuba, just 90 miles to the south of Miami, is defined and dominated by African culture and heritage. And all Cubans, even the white ones, seem to know this."

You can’t break the ties between us - An interview with Danny Glover  9/16/2003 Cuba Now: "My first connection with Cuba was when I was about 12 years old, right at the time of the Cuban revolution. My parents were postal workers and they were very much involved in the union. And at the time of the Cuban revolution, African Americans were very supportive of that victory. There were many African Americans with leadership positions who were very proud of the victory of the Cuban revolution. So that was the first time that I heard of it, and heard of the names of Comandante Che, and also Comandante Fidel."

The NAACP's silence on Cuba is deafening  7/19/2003 Tallahassee Democrat: "All of this brings me to Miami-Dade County where the NAACP held its 94th annual convention, and hotels were booked. Outside the facility, a group of Cuban exiles held a candlelight vigil this week to call attention to the plight of Cubans on the communist island. A group of former Cuban political prisoners, who are black, are calling on the NAACP to be consistent - and ethical and moral. They want the NAACP to hold Cuba's government to the same standard that the civil rights group has held other nations where inequalities reign."

Miami Mayor to Apologize for 'Mandela Moment'  7/12/2003 Fox News: "Miami-Dade Mayor Alex Penelas (search) said Monday he would make an official apology to former South African president Nelson Mandela (search) next week. "If Mandela were in Miami today, I think he would receive an official welcome." Penelas said. Thirteen years ago, that was not the case. In June 1990, Miami's politically powerful Cuban exile community protested a visit by Mandela, newly released from a South African prison, for his praise of Fidel Castro (search), arch-enemy of Cuban exiles but friend of the anti-apartheid movement. Despite pleas by local African-American leaders, the cities of Miami and Miami Beach, along with Miami-Dade Country, refused to recognize Mandela when he visited the area for a labor conference. The Miami City Commission rescinded a proclamation honoring Mandela. Tourists angry at the Mandela snub launched a boycott that cost the city $25 million in lost revenue. Business leaders helped end the boycott in 1993, but tensions continued in the 1990s between blacks and Cubans after several incidents where Miami police roughed up Haitians."

Fight For Global Justice Is TransAfrica's Immense Task, Says Danny Glover  11/18/2002 Black World Today 

NAACP Explores Trade Links Between Cuba, Black American Farmers  11/14/2002 CNS: "After meeting with Cuban dictator Fidel Castro for four hours, NAACP Leader Kweisi Mfume told reporters in Havana Wednesday that Castro seems interested in creating trade links with thousands of black American farmers. Mfume, who is on his second trip to Cuba, also said the NAACP is exploring the possibility of starting a chapter in Cuba. "We hope to build a bridge between the NAACP and the people of Cuba, many of whom are descendants of Africa," he said."

Black Muslim Reflects on Sniper Suspect  10/29/2002 Pacific News: "Then I found the Nation of Islam. Here, my anger was channeled. Contrary to some popular misconceptions about the Nation, I was taught not to hate white people, but to use that energy to develop myself and help my people. When I learned that Blacks are just 13 percent of the country but nearly 60 percent of America's inmate population, when I learned that Blacks account for 54 percent of all new cases of AIDS in the United States, when I learned that one-third of Black people live in poverty, receive substandard education, health care, and other public services -- it made me angry. But I learned to channel that rage to work on the problem rather than take my anger out on whites." And then there is the possibility that the sniper suspect suffers from Gulf War Syndrome which has caused a number of veterans to snap and become homicidal.

"In Defense Of Black Reparations" - Part II  10/29/2002 Black World Today: by Manning Marable, friend of Cuba.

Amiri Baraka coming to Oakland  10/23/2002 San Francisco Bay View: "Baraka will be in Oakland this weekend for three events: on Saturday, a writer’s workshop at 3:00 and a jazz and poetry explosion at 7:00, and on Sunday, a discussion of Black Reparations at 2:00."

'Boondocks' comic echoes African-American thoughts  10/22/2002 USA Today: by DeWayne Wickham

Is There a Hip-Hop Vote?  10/21/2002 Pacific News: "When legendary hip-hop icon LL Cool J recently endorsed New York Republican Governor George Pataki over the Democratic Party nominee, who is Black, it surprised many in New York state politics and the civil rights community."

Tavis Smiley's Audience Growing  6/24/2002 NYT: Tavis went on the TransAfrica trip to Cuba and produced a good documentary on the event on BET before the new management fired him for not toeing the party line.

See what African American columnists around the nation are writing about America's War on Terrorism.  5/29/2002 Trotter Group 

DANNY GLOVER IN HAVANA AGAIN - A place in the heart  5/27/2002 Granma: "Danny was recently elected president of the TransAfrica Forum, an influential nongovernmental organization promoting decisive and equitable participation by the African American community, specifically, and all people in the United States in that country’s decision-making and the society in general; educational efforts on human rights and social policy; and recognition and exchange with African peoples and black communities around the world, especially in the Caribbean, whose ancestors were slaves. He explained that TransAfrica has made valuable contacts in Cuba, and hopes to keep increasing that communication and carrying out mutually beneficial concrete actions. "I’m sure that even in the short run there will be pleasant surprises."

Lead Story has show on AfroCubans  5/26/2002 BET News: "The impact of the U.S. embargo on Afro-Cubans and their relationship with African Americans, the United States and other Cubans. For more information, visit www.afrocubaweb.com"

Varela Project offers false hope of change in Cuba  5/24/2002 USA Today: Wickham is a founder of the Trotter Group of African American columnists who recently visited Cuba again.

History, race must be factored into Cuban equation  5/21/2002 USA Today: DeWayne Wickham of the Trotter Group led 9 African American columnists to Cuba in February 2000 and was also recently in Havana for a symposium with Cuban journalists.

Activists Pull Black Agenda from the Shadow of Sept. 11 Attacks  5/20/2002 Black Press USA: "Domestic issues that were muted by the September 11 terrorist attacks are being pushed to the forefront as the fall elections approach, say activists and political observers who are gearing up voting and public policy campaigns."

Miami Beach: Black-owned hotel ends boycott, begins hope  5/18/2002 Houston Chronicle: "The former Washington resident, who built his business developing commercial office space, swooped into Miami Beach in 1996, bought a dilapidated hotel and won a municipal bid to build another in an adjacent oceanfront lot. The venture was at the center of a settlement between activists, city officials and lodging executives ending a three-year black tourism boycott of South Florida. It cast Peebles as the nation's first African-American to develop and own a major convention-resort hotel… The hotel will be able to draw a good chunk of the black tourism market, worth $36 billion last year, according to industry watchers. It is sold out for Memorial Day weekend, booked the Black Film Festival in June and an NAACP conference next year, marketing director Velton Showell said."

Should African Americans Wave The Flag? By Donna J. Warren  10/23/2001 Black Electorate: "Don’t need evidence to find bin Laden guilty. Nothing new to South Central LA. Most of the 56,775 inmates in California’s prisons under the 3 Strikes Law were convicted with little or no evidence, often on the word of a police officer, or worse still, sentenced to 25 years to life because 5, 10, 15 years or more ago the evidence was a bargained plea. 57% of these prisoners are African American; this in a state that may be 12% African American. California Courts don’t need evidence to convict."

Rep. Cynthia McKinney On Dissent And Her Letter To Saudi Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal  10/18/2001 Black Electorate: "In the FBI's own words, its counterintelligence program (COINTELPRO) had as a goal, "to expose, disrupt, misdirect, discredit, or otherwise neutralize" the activities of black organizations and to prevent black "leaders from gaining respectability." And instead of real leaders, COINTELPRO offers us hand-picked "court priests" who are more loyal to the plan than to he people. Court priests who preach peace, peace when there is no peace."As you can see, the statistics are very grim for Black America. Although your offer was not accepted by Mayor Giuliani, I would like to ask you to consider assisting Americans who are in dire need right now. I believe we can guide your generosity to help improve the state of Black America and build better lives.

Farrakhan Assails Bush Administration  10/17/2001 The Black World Today 

Cuba spreads medical care as political tool  1/30/2001 USA Today: Wickham is a founder of the Trotter Group of African American columnists

What was Al Sharpton doing in Cuba?  12/1/2000 AfroCubaWeb: "The news about the hip-hop ventures may also be seen as an effort to restore credibility on the streets and on the left. The Reverend Al appears to have gained ground in erasing his earlier career as an FBI informant, having lunch with Fidel Castro and organizing a large hip-hop exchange with InterScope records, among others. However, the road has sometimes been rocky: folks in Detroit prevented him from achieving much there by posting these Newsday articles below from 1988. Basically they outline how he was an FBI informant and tried to set up Assata Shakur for capture."

Black, Cuban Racial Chasm Splits Miami  3/23/1997 LA Times: "We are very much on edge here, and it's getting worse because of the constant elimination of African Americans from jobs and political offices," warned Nathaniel J. Wilcox, executive director of a civil rights group called People United to Lead the Struggle for Equality, or PULSE. "They are becoming the oppressor."

A Brief History of the Black Panther Party. Its Place in the Black Liberation Movement  6/1/1995 World History Archives: By Sundiata Acoli, from the Sundiata Acoli Freedom Campaign, 1995

Miami Police Officer Is Acquitted In Racially Charged Slaying Case  5/29/1993 NYT: "In a decision met with anger and dismay among blacks in Miami, a Hispanic police officer who was convicted there in 1989 on two counts of manslaughter in the shooting deaths of two young black men was acquitted today in a second trial on the same charges. William Lozano, the 33-year-old, Colombian-born police officer who has been the focal point of the most racially charged case in Florida in the last decade, threw his arms up in joy and embraced his lawyers when the verdict was announced late this afternoon. But relatives of the men he killed broke into tears and left the courtroom of Judge W. Thomas Spencer, saying they were at a loss to explain the decision of the six-member jury."

Miami Journal; Boycott Over Visit Of Mandela Lives On  7/13/1991 NYT: "The City Commission rescinded a proclamation welcoming Mr. Mandela, and Mayor Xavier Suarez and four other mayors from the region openly criticized Mr. Mandela for not denouncing human rights violations in Cuba. Miami's blacks, who make up about 21 percent of the city's 359,000 residents, took that as a snub of royal proportions, an insult added to decades of economic, social and political injury. In response, on July 17, 1990, a small group of the city's black leaders began an economic boycott against the tourism industry, arguably the region's most important business. Now almost a year old, the boycott continues, and organizers recently declared their intention to turn up the heat a bit by sending out videotaped messages highly critical of Miami to organizations around the country likely to hold conventions or refer people to the area. The videos will urge them to keep their convention and vacation business away. Giant cruise ships still glide silently through Biscayne Bay and rental cars still seem to take up more than two-thirds of every parking lot, but the boycott has taken its toll. A spokesman for the boycott group, H. T. Smith, a lawyer, estimated that the campaign has cost the area $27 million in convention business. Officials from the Greater Miami Convention and Visitors Bureau estimate that of more than $200 million in convention business annually, about 19 conventions or meetings worth about $8 million have been canceled." [The real number was likely far higher.]

 



Links on/Enlaces en la AfroCubaWebtop

Diasporic Commonalities: Common History and Future of the Afro-Cuban & Afro-American Communities. Riviera Beach, FL, 4/26/14. Organized by Alberto Jones.

Jay-Z and Beyoncé go to Cuba: the exiled plantocracy reacts & Jay-Z raps, 4/13

Assata Shakur, 11/12

Special Report: Cuba in Black and White, Institute for Advanced Journalism Studies, 2011: a non-profit dedicated to developing Black American journalists reports on Cuba with DeWayne Wickham, Tonyaa J. Weathersbee, and many others.

Goodbye Manning Marable, 4/6/2011 (en español), Gisela Arandia

Acting on Our Conscience Briefing Sheet: roadmap for Diaspora support of Miami-backed dissidents, 1/6/2010

Acting on Our Conscience: a Declaration of African American Support for the Civil Rights Struggle in Cuba, 11/30/09

Nine African American columnists visit Cuba: February, 2000

National Black Chamber of Commerce, Travel to Cuba, position  paper, 2000

"Why Black Cuba Is Suffering," a report from TransAfrica, 7/99

Lisa Brock and Digna Castañeda Fuertes: Between Race and Empire : African-Americans and Cubans Before the Cuban Revolution, 1998

The Cuban Revolution in Transition: Black Reflections on Race, Politics, and Culture in Cuba Today, 11/1/97

The Congressional Black Caucus and Cuba

TransAfrica  increases the dialog between AfroCubans and African Americans

 

Peopletop

Americans

Lisa Brock, Kalamazoo College

Leslie Cunningham, Harlem in Havana

Marvin Dunn

James Early, Smithsonian

Soffiyah Elijah, director of the Correctional Association of New York

Ben Jones, artist

Manning Marable

Cornelius Moore

Nurudafina Pili Abena, musician

Margaret Ross Martin, journalist

Assata Shakur, activist

Askia Toure, poet

Kwame Toure, activist

Tonyaa Weathersbee, journalist

Robert F. Williams

Cubans

Gisela Arandia, scholar

Digna Castañeda Fuertes

Tomas Fernandez Robaina, scholar

Gloria Rolando, film maker

Books

The Trayvon Martin in US: An American Tragedy, by Emmanuel Harris II (Editor), Antonio D. Tillis (Editor). Includes Afro-Latin perspectives.

Between Race and Empire: African-Americans and Cubans Before the Cuban Revolution
Edited by Lisa Brock and Digna Castañeda Fuertes

Organizations top

Black Lives Matter
Caribbean Cultural Center, NY
Ingathering:The Literary Journal of Arts & Letters from the Black Diaspora in the Americas, Chicago
Centro Martin Luther King, la Habana Kwame Touré Work Study Institute and Library
Institute for Advanced Journalism Studies, DeWayne Wickham Percussion Artists Workshop (PAWS), LA
Sociedad Marti-Maceo, Tampa: AfroCubans in Tampa le Ijuba Yoruba, Miami, Inc.
Stage of the Arts, Inc.: Matanzas in LA Organization of Africans in the Americas, Washington, DC
TransAfrica Forum Black Cuba Forum: AfroCubans in Miami, recipient of NED funds
Harlem in Havana Jig Show

Links/Enlaces

Black Florida

www.blackeducator.org/cubasolidarity.htm

The Samaná Americans: African Americans in the Dominican Republic since 1824, 1/13 

Black in Latin America
www.pbs.org/wnet/black-in-latin-america/

Forging Diaspora: Afro-Cubans and African Americans in a World of Empire and Jim Crow, Frank Guridy , 2010
To order ==> Amazon.com

Tips for Black Travelers
www.frommers.com/destinations/cuba/778246

 

Contacting AfroCubaWebtop

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