Mala Lengua  
 
AfroCubaWeb
  Home - Portal | Music - Música | Authors - Autores | Arts - Artes 
  Site Map - Mapa del Sitio | News - Noticias | Search ACW - Buscar en ACW 
 
  Mala Lengua
 

1912 Cuban Pacification Campaign

US forces protected American interests on the Province of Oriente and in Havana from June 5 to August 5, 1912. In the spring of 1912, revolt again flared in Cuba, and Marines were once more called to the island. On 27 May, the 2d Provisional Regiment was formed at Philadelphia and Norfolk to reinforce the 1st Provisional Regiment already in Cuba. Under the command of Colonel James E. Mahoney, the regiment sailed in several vessels of the Navy for Cuba, where Companies B, D, and E helped quell the Negro Rebellion. Within two months, peace again prevailed in the island, and on 1 August, the 2d Provisional Regiment was disbanded, and its personnel were returned to the United States or detached to the newly reorganized 1st Provisional Regiment in Cuba.

The 2d Regiment, 2d Provisional Brigade was formed at Philadelphia on 19 February 1913. The regiment, under the command of Colonel Joseph H. Pendleton, was intended for duty in Mexico as part of the brigade. However, it was sent to Guantanamo Bay and held in readiness for emergency duties, meanwhile undergoing intensive training. On 1 May, the 2d Regiment was redesignated 2d Regiment, Expeditionary Force, USMC. It remained in Cuba until the latter part of the month, when it boarded the PRAIRIE for the United States, arriving at Philadelphia on 1 June, when it disbanded.

References
A Brief History of the 2d Marines Revised by Captain Robert J. Kane, 
USMC MARINE CORPS HISTORICAL REFERENCE PAMPHLET 1970 

------------------------

MARINE CORPS HISTORICAL REFERENCE PAMPHLET
A Brief History of the 2d Marines
Revised by
Captain Robert J. Kane, USMC

                             First Printing:   1961
                             Revised:          1962
                             Revised:          1969
                              Historical Division
                        Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps
                            Washington, D. C.  20380
                                      1970
                                    PREFACE
     "A Brief History of the 2d Marines" is a concise narrative of regiments 
bearing the designation "2d" prior to 1913, and of the 2d Marines since its 
initial organization over a half-century ago.  Official records and an update 
of appropriate historical works were used in compiling this chronicle.  It is 
published for the information of those interested in events in which the 2d 
Marines have participated.
                                         
                                          W. J. VAN RYZIN
                               Lieutenant General, U. S. Marine Corps
                                           Chief of Staff
Reviewed and approved:  8 October 1970
                                      i
                               TABLE OF CONTENTS
                                                           Original    On-Line
                                                             Page       Page
Preface....................................................     i          4
SECTION I
  The Provisional Regiments................................     1          6
SECTION II
  The 2d Marine............................................     5         10
SECTION III
  The War Years............................................    14         20
SECTION IV
  Decade by Decade.........................................    29         34
Reading List...............................................    37         42
Appendixes:
  A.  Footnotes............................................    41         46
  B.  Commanding Officers, 2d Marines......................    47         52
  C.  Chronology, Provisional Regiments....................    53         58
  D.  Chronology, 2d Marines...............................    54         59
  E.  Honors of the 2d Marines.............................    56         61
  F.  Medal of Honor Recipients............................    58         63
                                      ii
                                   SECTION I
                           The Provisional Regiments
     The first "2d Regiment" of Marines came into existence in 1901 when 
unsettled conditions in the Far East required the presence of a Marine 
expeditionary force to protect American lives and property.  The regiment was 
formed at Cavite, Philippine Islands on 1 January<1>, by utilizing personnel 
for units recently returned to the Philippines from service during in the 
Boxer Rebellion in China, namely, the 1st Regiment and the 4th and 5th 
Independent Battalions.  The 2d Regiment, under the command of Lieutenant 
Colonel Allen C. Kelton, became part of the 1st Brigade of Marines stationed 
in the Philippines as a ready force to be committed wherever needed in Far 
Eastern Waters.<2>  Following the collapse of the Philippine Insurrection, the 
2d was given an additional mission of helping carry out United States Navy 
responsibilities for the military government of Cavite Peninsula and the Subic 
Bay area.
     The Marines of the regiment established garrisons and outposts and 
continually patrolled their assigned areas to round up the remaining 
insurgents and to maintain law and order.  In order to execute the regiment's 
military government responsibilities, officers were appointed to varied 
special duties such as captains of the ports, district commanders, inspectors 
of customs, internal revenue collectors, and provost judges and marshals. As 
the political situation in the Philippines returned to normalcy, drill, 
practice marches, and general field training. were emphasized to a greater 
degree.<3>
     Company F of the 2d was part of a provisional battalion sent from Cavite, 
on 20 October 1901, to the island of Samar (in the southern Philippines) to 
reinforce and cooperate with United States Army troops in operations against 
insurgents on the island.<4>  The Samar episode was one of the last guerrilla 
actions that occurred during the the Philippine Insurrection.  By April 1902, 
the 1st Brigade was primarily regarded as a force-in-readiness for employment 
anywhere in the Asiatic area.<5>  To increase the effectiveness of such 
expeditionary forces, the Navy Department provided necessary logistical 
materiel at Cavite to be used in seizing and defending a forward base.<6>
    Early in 1903, the 2d Regiment provided personnel for an expeditionary 
force of 200 Marines, accompanied by materiel (ammunition and equipment) from 
the advance base depot, which participated in a Navy advance base exercise.  
The Marines were to seize an undefended harbor of a hypothetical enemy coast 
and then defend it against invading hostile forces.  The Marine force occupied 
Grande Island, at the entrance of Subic Bay, and 
                                      1
mounted guns for the protection of minefields in the channels on either side 
of the island.
     After the maneuvers had been completed, the regiment, on 5 February, 
provided troops for an expeditionary force of 500 men established at Olongapo 
to hold itself in readiness for any possible employment.<7>  At this time, the 
bulk of the regiment moved from Cavite to Olongapo, with only one company 
remaining at Cavite.
     The 2d continued its garrison and patrol duties during its later years in 
the Philippines.  Routine training life in the area was from time to time 
interrupted by minor clashes with bandits.  Marine details were frequently 
provided for shipboard duty in Asiatic waters, with the ships' detachments 
sometimes being employed ashore to protect American interests.<8>  In December 
1911, for instance, Companies B and C were aboard the USS RAINBOW cruising off 
the China coast, while, at the same time, Company E was assigned ashore at 
Peking.  In August 1912, Company A rotated for its turn of duty in the 
RAINBOW.<9>
     In January of 1914, the regiment reassigned most of its units to ships 
and other stations of the Far East.  With the transfer of the Field and Staff 
(Headquarters) to the Provisional Regiment, Guam, on the 20 January, the 2d 
Regiment was formally disbanded.  Although Company A was left at Peking, 
Company B at Cavite, and Company D at Olongapo, these companies ceased to 
carry "2d Regiment" as part of their designation.<10>
     Prior to 1913, there were a number of temporary organizations in the 
Marine Corps created for specific purposes or tasks and designated as 
regiments.  However, when a particular unit was no longer needed (its purpose 
or task completed) it was generally disbanded and the attached companies 
returned to their original stations.  It was uncommon for the Marine Corps to 
have two or more regiments bearing the same designation.  Consequently, at the 
same time a "2d Regiment" served in the Far East, the 2d Regiment, 1st 
Provisional Brigade consisting of a Field and Staff, and Companies A, B, C, F 
was organized at League Island, Pennsylvania on 26 December 1903.<11>  The 
regiment embarked and sailed this same date to Panama arriving there on 3 
January 1904.
     The primary mission of this force in Panama was the enforcement of 
provisions of the Hay-Herran Treaty made with Panama on 18 November 1903 which 
provided for the construction of a cross-isthmus canal.  The treaty provided 
that any and all operations by the United States would be designed to ensure a 
stable government in that republic, to safeguard the construction of the 
canal, and the operation of the railroad.<12>
     The 2d Regiment, commanded by Colonel Littleton W. T. Waller, aided in 
establishing and maintaining peace and
                                      2
order in the republic.  The Marines gained a considerable knowledge of the 
country while on reconnaissance to make studies for the defense of the canal 
and the city of Panama.<13>  On 14 February 1904, with the regiment's mission 
accomplished, the 2d was disbanded at Panama and personnel were utilized to 
form separate battalions, one of which relocated to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba for 
duty.<14>
     A revolution broke out in Cuba in late 1906, and a Marine expeditionary 
force was dispatched to the island to establish and maintain law and 
order.<15>  As part of this force, the 4th Expeditionary Battalion was formed 
at League Island, Pennsylvania, on 27 September 1906.<16>  With Lieutenant 
Colonel Franklin J. Moses in command, the battalion sailed for Cuba, arriving 
at Camp Columbia on 8 October.  Here, it was reorganized and redesignated 2d 
Regiment, 1st Expeditionary Brigade.<17>  Order was soon restored, and upon 
the arrival of United States Army troops as occupation forces on 31 October, 
the 2d Regiment was disbanded.  The major portion of its personnel were 
assigned to the newly created 1st Provisional Regiment stationed in Cuba for 
duty with the Army forces.
     The 2d Expeditionary Regiment was formed at Philadelphia in mid-December 
1909,<18> to assist in maintaining order in Panama during the republic's 
elections that year.  The regiment, with Colonel Eli K. Cole commanding, 
departed from Philadelphia on 14 December arriving in the Canal Zone several 
days later. The 2d remained in the Republic of Panama until 13 April 1910, 
when 200 of its Marines boarded the USS BUFFALO for Mare Island, California.  
The following day, the bulk of the regiment again embarked on the Prairie for 
the trip back to Philadelphia, where it arrived on 25 April and disbanded.<19>
     On 9 March 1911, yet another "2d" was formed at Philadelphia.  This 2d 
Regiment, 1st Provisional Brigade was designed in Cuba because of internal 
disorder which threatened United States interests.<20>  The men of the 2d 
boarded the USS DIXIE on 9 and 11 March and sailed for Guantanamo arriving the 
15th.  Within three months, order was restored on the island, and in June, the 
2d returned to the United States, were it was disbanded at Philadelphia on the 
14th.<21>
     In the spring of 1912, revolt again flared in Cuba, and Marines were once 
more called to the island.  On 27 May, the 2d Provisional Regiment was formed 
at Philadelphia and Norfolk<22> to reinforce the 1st Provisional Regiment 
already in Cuba.  Under command of Colonel James E. Mahoney, the 2d regiment 
sailed in several Navy vessels for Cuba, where Companies B, D, and E helped 
quell the revolt.  Within two months, peace again prevailed in the island, and 
on 1 August, the 2d Provisional Regiment was deactivated, and its personnel 
transferred to the newly reorganized 1st Provisional Regiment in Cuba or 
returned to the United States.<23>
                                      3
     Revolution occurred in the Dominican Republic in 1911 and 1912, resulting 
in the customs service being interrupted, particularly along the Haitian 
border, where the rebels captured and held several forts.  To avert further 
trouble, the United States sent two commissioners to the republic to look into 
violations of the 1907 treaty, which provided for the collection of customs by 
United States agents.<24>  These commissioners were backed up by the 2d 
Provisional Regiment, commanded by Colonel Franklin J. Moses.  Formed at 
Philadelphia on 27 September 1912<25> and composed of Companies A through F, 
the regiment arrived off Santo Domingo City on 2 October.  For the next two 
months, the Marines of the regiment remained aboard the PRAIRIE as she 
patrolled the waters off the city while negotiations progressed.  On 1 
December, after a peaceful settlement had been reached between revolutionary 
factions in the republic, the regiment set sail for the United States, 
disbanding when it arrived at Philadelphia on the 7th.<26>
     The final one of these temporary "2d Regiment" organizations to be formed 
was designated as the 2d Regiment, 2d Provisional Brigade on 19 February 1913 
at Philadelphia.<27>  Headed by Colonel Joseph H. Pendleton, the regiment was 
originally intended for duty in Mexico as part of an expeditionary brigade.  
Instead, it was sent to Guantanamo Bay and held in readiness for emergency 
duties, while undergoing intensive training.  On 1 May, this unit was 
redesignated 2d Regiment, Expeditionary Force, USMC.<28>  As such, it remained 
in Cuba until the latter part of the month, when it boarded the PRAIRIE for 
the United States, arriving at Philadelphia on 1 June, when it was 
dissolved.<29>
                                      4
                                   SECTION II
                                 The 2d Marines
     The lineage of the present day 2d Marines can be traced back to the 
activation of the 1st Advance Base Regiment was organized at Philadelphia on 
19 June 1913.<30>  This regiment was composed of C Company, a mine company 
trained to handle harbor defense mines; E Company, a signal company trained in 
radio, telephone, telegraph, buzzers, and visual signalling; a field artillery 
battery which manned 3-inch field pieces; F and I Companies with 
responsibilities for fixed batteries to be mounted in harbor defense; and H 
Company which was trained both as engineer company and as a machine gun 
company.  The regiment was to provide the force of technical troops and 
equipment required for the seizure and defense of an advance base.  In the 
beginning, the 1st Advance Base Regiment was generally referred to as the 
"Fixed Defense Regiment."  However, each company was also thoroughly schooled 
in infantry weapons and tactics to ensure that all Marines were thoroughly 
familiar with their primary occupational specialty.
     On 23 December 1913, this same regiment became part of the Advance Base 
Brigade formed at Philadelphia.<31>  On 3 January 1914, it sailed with the 
brigade for maneuvers, with the Atlantic Fleet at Culebra, Puerto Rico.  These 
maneuvers, forerunners of many to come over the years, consisted of the 
occupation and defense of the island of Culebra by the Advance Base Brigade, 
with the landing force of the Atlantic Fleet acting as aggressor forces.  The 
mission of the 1st Regiment, in defense, included emplacement of batteries of 
3-inch guns on each side of the entrance to Culebra's harbor and the laying of 
control mines offshore.  The signal company, in addition to laying mines, 
provided communications (telegraph and telephone) for the brigade, established 
radio stations, and operated day and night visual stations.  The engineers 
assisted the fixed gun companies in the preparation of gun emplacements, built 
docks, and established machine gun positions on certain parts of the harbor 
shore line.  The 1st 3-inch battery emplaced 4.7-inch guns in permanent 
positions, holding its 3-inch field pieces in reserve.
     Upon the successful completion of these maneuvers, the regiment sailed to 
Pensacola, Florida and then on to New Orleans, Louisiana.  Here, on 18 
February 1914, the 1st Advance Base Regiment was redesignated 1st Regiment, 
Advance Base Brigade.<32> For the next two months, under command of Lieutenant 
Colonel Charles G. Long, the regiment operated onboard ship off New Orleans 
and Algiers, Louisiana.
     The location at the time was no accident; its operation in waters just 
north of Mexico was part of another
                                      5
                                
First Marine Landing Party leaves USS PRAIRIE at Vera Cruz, 21Apr14. (USMC 
Photo #521570)
                                 
            Marines at Vera Cruz, Mexico 1914.  (USMC Photo #514627)
                                      6
show of force by the United States in protest of the rule of the latest 
revolutionary victor in that country.<33>  The Mexican situation worsened, and 
Marine forces were ordered to land at Vera Cruz in response to an insult to 
the American Flag, in order to seize the customs house and prevent the landing 
of arms and ammunition by belligerents.  The 1st Regiment landed on 22 April 
and joined other forces in clearing the city.<34>  Sectors of Vera Cruz were 
assigned to each regiment with orders to search every building for arms, to 
arrest all suspicious persons, and to prevent snipers from operating.  The 
search, hampered by continuous sniping, was exhausting and difficult.  On the 
23d, opposition slackened with the Marines occupying a large area of the city.  
On 30 April, United States Army forces moved in with the Marine Advance Base 
Brigade.  The 1st Regiment took its turn at outpost duty and used the 
opportunity for field training.  On 23 November, its Mexican tasks completed, 
the regiment returned to Philadelphia.<35>
     On 3 December, the entire brigade was reorganized with one regiment given 
the mission of fixed defense and the other, that of mobile defense.  The 1st 
Regiment, the fixed defense regiment, was assigned a fire control unit and 
eight companies.  These included four 5-inch gun companies, a searchlight 
company, a mine company, an engineer company, and an anti-aircraft 
company.<36>  The increase of firepower inherent in this reorganization 
strengthened the regiment's capabilities in keeping with Navy interests for 
the further development of the Marine Advance Base Force.
     By the summer of 1915, however, it became necessary to put aside advance 
base work for immediate problems.  This tine, the 1st Regiment, headed by 
Colonel Theodore P. Kane was called to reinforce Marine forces in Haiti.  The 
policy which dictated United States intervention resulted from requests by 
American business interests and the chaotic conditions which then existed in 
Haiti.  Also, the United States felt obligated by the Monroe doctrine to 
protect the interests and property of foreign (European) nations.<37>
     On 15 August, the 1st Regiment, minus the 2d Company which remained at 
Philadelphia for instruction in submarine mining, landed the 4th, 6th, and 22d 
Companies at Port au Prince and the 5th, 11th, 19th, and 23d Companies at Cape 
Haitien.<38>
     In addition to rendering assistance in maintaining the economic stability 
of the country, the regiment carried out extensive patrolling into the 
interior of the country.  An estimated 25,000 to 50,00 Cacos lived in the 
rugged mountains contiguous with the Dominican Republic.  These people were 
soldiers of fortune who lived on the country as bandits in normal times and 
supported one or the other of the candidates for the presidency during 
revolutionary periods.  The mission of the 1st Regiment in the next few months 
was to seek out and
                                      7
                                 
                        Map of Haiti/Dominican Republic
                                      8
appease, or "tame" the Cacos.  The Marines had many skirmishes with these 
rebels, with the attack and capture of Fort Riviere on 17 November being an 
engagement of particular note.
     The fort was situated on the summit of Montagne Noir, 4,000 feet above 
the sea, which commanded the surrounding country for miles in every direction.  
The fort itself was an old French bastion of approximately 200 square feet 
with thick walls of brick and stone.  The walls had been loopholed to command 
the plain at the foot of the height.
     All avenues of approach had been previously closed so that no Cacos could 
escape.  The only real difficulty encountered by the Marines, was in crossing 
an open plain 800 yards wide under heavy fire.  Fortunately for the Marines, 
the fire of the Cacos was inaccurate.  One company of Marines advanced while 
covering fire was provided by two other companies.  The main entrance to the 
fort on the north had been sealed by the Cacos and a breach in the south wall 
had been made for passage.  It was through this hole that the Marines forced 
their way, overwhelming the enemy within the fort in a vicious 10-minute, 
hand-to-hand fray which resulted in a total of 51 Cacos being killed, 
including their leader General Joseph Dorzeme Michels. The Marines suffered no 
casualties.  The forces involved in the attack on Fort Riviere were the 5th 
Company (Captain W. W. Low), the 13th Company (Captain C. Campbell), Marine 
Detachment, CONNECTICUT (Captain Barker), Seaman Company, CONNECTICUT (Lt (jg) 
S. D. Mc Caughey) and Automatic Gun Detachment, 3d Company.  The actual 
assault on the fort was made by the 5th Company which accounted for 29 of the 
51 Cacos.  The remaining 22 jumped from the fort during the hand-to-hand 
combat and were killed by the covering forces.
     With the capture of Fort Capois shortly thereafter, Haiti became 
relatively stable and its inhabitants resumed more peaceful pursuits.  The 
regiment continued to patrol and garrison a number of towns until called to 
the neighboring Dominican Republic where internal disorder in the early months 
of 1916 threatened American lives and property.
     By the end of April, the 1st Regiment had joined the 1st, 9th, 13th 
(artillery), 14th, and 24th Companies from the 2d Regiment in Haiti, and in 
the early part of May, these companies, together with the 4th, 5th, 6th, and 
19th Companies of the regiment were moved to Santo Domingo City to protect the 
American Legation and later to occupy the city during a period of 
insurrection.  On 1 July, the companies remaining in Haiti were detached from 
the 1st Regiment.  On this same date, the 1st Regiment was redesignated the 2d 
Regiment and vice versa. Consequently, the 1st Regiment, which was in Haiti, 
was then, through redesignation, the 2d Regiment.  All lineage and honors of 
the old 1st Regiment than belonged to the 2d Regiment.  On 1 July the 2d 
Regiment was comprised of Field and Staff, Naval
                                      9
                                 
                 Capture of Fort Riviere.  (USMC Photo #522218)
                                       10
Detachment, 1st and 2d Sections of the 7th and 17th Companies, and the 15th, 
16th, 20th, and 23d Companies.  The 11th, 19th, and 22d Companies joined the 
2d during July and the 18th Company joined on 8 September.<39> The 11th 
Company went on an expedition to the Dominican Republic late in July to seek 
arms of the revolutionists while the remaining companies remained with the 2d 
in Haiti.  By the end of the summer, bandit activity had quieted down and the 
regiment settled into a more normal routine. Although some patrolling 
continued, the main activity centered around training the Marines of the 2d 
and the men of the newly organized Haitian Constabulary.<40>
     The 15th Company of the regiment formed part of a mounted expedition sent 
to Azua, Dominican Republic, in September to quell a rebellion.  On 12 
November, its range firing completed, the 10th Company rejoined the regiment 
and was stationed at Fortaleza de San Luis, Santiago, Dominican Republic.<41>
     When the decrease in bandit activity and the active participation of the 
United States during 1917 and 1918 in World War 1, the frustrated 2d Regiment 
spent the war years in routine barracks duty.  Occasional patrol activity and 
frequent changes in organization and personnel did little to alleviate the 
disappointment of those Marines stuck in the tropics and who were not able to 
take part in the great war.  In the early months of 1917, the 53d, 54th, and 
57th Companies joined the regiment and the 7th, 11th, 17th, 20th, and 22d 
Companies were detached. Later that spring, the 2d began to benefit from the 
war mobilization efforts of the United States.  When the 16th and 23d 
Companies were detached on 25 May, sufficient personnel were available to 
organize the 64th and 65th Companies.  The only notable events of the next 
year and a half were the frequent changes of command.
     The spring of 1919, however, witnessed a considerable increase in bandit 
activity in Haiti.  On 26 March, the 36th, 100th, 148th, and 153d Companies 
joined the regiment, and a month later, the 2d took to the field as the native 
gendarmerie was unable to contain the increasing banditry.  Four of the 
regiment's companies operated in southern Haiti, while two companies moved 
into the rural areas in the central part of the island.  During the month of 
May, all companies of the 2d Regiment, except the 148th, participated in a 
concerted drive to clear the republic of thieves and bandits.  The 196th and 
197th Companies joined the 2d in June, and both companies assisted in mopping 
up the bandit strongholds during the following several months.
     On 17 December, the 36th, 57th, 63d, 100th, 148th, and 196th Companies 
were transferred to the 8th Regiment.<42>  With the organization of the Supply 
Company on 24 January 1920, the 2d Regiment was composed of Field and Staff, 
Supply, 53d, 54th, 62d, 64th, 153d, and 197th Companies.<43>  The Field and 
Staff
                                      11
                                
                  Marines in search of bandits in Haiti, 1919.
                                 
      2d Regiment in formation at MD, Port-au-Prince, Haiti, 22 Feb 1932.
                                      12
was redesignated Headquarters Company on 1 February.
     During 1920-21, with banditry finally suppressed and peace restored, the 
regiment continued its garrison duties with reduced personnel, assisting in 
the training of the native constabulary and performing other duties incident 
to the occupation.<44>
     The years 1922-1929 were peaceful ones for the Marines of the 2d Regiment 
as Haiti remained quiet, with considerable progress being made in sociological 
and technological areas in the country.  Patrolling and mapping continued as 
the regiment increased its knowledge of Haiti and its ways.  At this same 
time, Marines of the 2d Regiment were thoroughly indoctrinated on how to deal 
with the natives.  Military training occupied most of the 2d's time with 
frequent exercises being held.<45>
     Changes in the command and organization of the regiment continued 
throughout the next two years.  On 1 July 1924, Headquarters Company, Service 
Company (formerly Supply Company), and the 62d Company (recently rejoined) 
were reorganized.<46>  Headquarters and the 62d Companies were combined into a 
new Headquarters Company on 3 June 1925.<47>  When the 8th Regiment was 
disbanded in Haiti on 1 July, its Headquarters, 100th, 63d, and 64th Companies 
joined the 2d Regiment.<48>  Headquarters Company of the 2d Regiment was 
redesignated Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 2d Battalion, 2d Regiment.  
Headquarters and the 100th Companies from the 8th Regiment were combined and 
designated Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 2d Regiment, 1st Brigade.  
On this same date, the 26th, 54th, and 53d (Machine Gun) Companies joined the 
2d Regiment.  As a result of these changes, the regiment, as of 1 July, was 
composed of Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 36th, 53d (Machine Gun), 
63d, and 64th Companies stationed at Port-au-Prince.  The 2d Battalion, 
composed of Headquarters and Headquarters Company, and the 54th Company, was 
stationed at Camp Haitien.  On 1 March 1926, the 63d Company was transferred 
to the 2d Battalion, relieving the 54th Company, which joined the 2d Regiment 
at Port-au-Prince.<49>
     In the fall of 1926, Marines of the regiment assisted in quelling 
political disturbances in Haiti, but most of the 2d's occupational activity 
was turned to improving the lot of the natives and developing natural 
resources on the island.  During these latter years of its Haitian tour, the 
regiment assisted in building roads and schools, improving sanitary 
conditions, and training and supervising the native constabulary.
     On 1 January 1933, as part of a Marine Corps-wide redesignation of units, 
the 2d Regiment was redesignated 2d Marines, its present and permanent 
designation.<50>  On the same date, the 36th and 54th Companies were 
disbanded, and the 53d, 63d, and 64th Companies were redesignated Companies D, 
B, and C respectively.
                                      13
     Companies C and D were transferred to the United States on 26 July 1934, 
and on 8 August, Company B was disbanded.  With evacuation of the 1st Brigade 
from Haiti, Headquarters Company of the 2d was dissolved on 15 August 1934, 
and the 2d Marines disappeared from the official records for nearly seven 
years.<51>
                                      14
                                  SECTION III
                                 The War Years
     The 2d Marines, commanded by Joseph C. Fegan was officially reactivated 
as part of the 2d Marine Division at Marine Corps Base, San Diego, on 1 
February 1941.<52>  In April, the regiment moved to Camp Elliott, San Diego 
and began intensive training in the mechanics of amphibious warfare.
     The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1942 caused some 
apprehension that the enemy might attack our West Coast.  The 2d Marines was 
alerted to assist in protecting the area from Oceanside to the Mexican 
border.<53>  When the danger of immediate invasion abated, the 2d returned to 
Camp Elliott to assist in training recruits.  The 2d Marines was redesignated 
2d Marines (Reinforced)<54> during May 1942 while its units were training in 
the San Diego area.
     As part of a larger force, the 2d Marines (Reinforced), embarked and 
sailed from San Diego on 1 July 1942, arriving in the Transport Area off Koro 
Island on the 25th in sufficient time to take part in the final rehearsal 
prior to the Guadalcanal operations.<55> The 2d was in reserve for this 
operation, and yet provided the first Marines to land.
     On 7 August, prior to the main assault on Guadalcanal by the 1st Marine 
Division, Company B (Reinforced), 2d Marines landed on Florida Island to 
protect the left flank of the Marines executing the Tulagi landing.<56>  While 
Company B and its reinforcing elements deployed inland, the remainder of the 
1st Battalion landed on Florida, near Gavutu and Tanambogo. By early 
afternoon, it had cleared its objective and reembarked to await further 
orders.  Company B meanwhile, was ordered to assist the 1st Parachute 
Battalion in clearing Tanambogo, but because of the intensity of enemy fire, 
it was forced to withdraw to the transport area.
     On the following morning, the 3d Battalion, 2d Marines landed on Gavutu 
Island and assisted the 1st Parachute Battalion in clearing Tanambogo on 9 
August.  The other two infantry battalions of the regiment landed on Tulagi on 
the 9th, and by that evening, had secured the small islands of the Tulagi 
area.  Subsequent operations in that area consisted of mopping up and 
consolidating positions.
     The 3d Battalion, 2d Marines, was moved from Tulagi to Guadalcanal on 14 
September and inserted in the east side of the perimeter between elements of 
the 5th and 7th Marines.<57>  It continued to man that position until early in 
October, when it
                                      15
                                 
                          Map of the First Offensive 
                                  GUADALCANAL
                                      16
participated in the Matanikau Offensive from the 7th to the 9th.  The 
battalion then became part of the 1st Marine Division reserve once more and 
remained in that capacity until the 30th, when it returned to Tulagi for 
garrison duty and a well earned rest.
     Meanwhile, elements of the 2d Battalion, 2d Marines, raided the area near 
the village of Koilotumaria and Garabusu, Guadalcanal, on 10 October, and 
returned to Tulagi two days later.<58>  The 1st and 2d Battalions patrolled 
the Tulagi area until the 28th, consolidating positions off the coast of 
Florida.
     The 2d Marines (-) moved to Guadalcanal on the 29th to participate, as 
part of a larger force, in the push towards Kokumbona.  When the Japanese 
again threatened in the Koli Point area, the Kokumbona drive was terminated, 
and the two battalions of the 2d were assigned defensive positions in the 
Point Cruz area.  The regiment, as part of a larger force, again moved forward 
on 10 November, to regain most of the ground given up earlier in the month, 
when the division had been forced to shift its attention eastward.
     During the next six weeks, the 2d Marines was shifted about within the 
Guadalcanal perimeter, reinforcing danger spots and consolidating defensive 
positions along the front lines.  On 12 January 1943, the regiment relieved 
the 1st Battalion, 8th Marines to participate, as part of XIV Corps, in 
offensive operations to the west of Point Cruz.  Two days later, the 2d 
Marines was relieved and returned to a reserve area preparatory to leaving the 
island.
     After rejoining its 3d Battalion from Tulagi, it left Guadalcanal on 31 
January and sailed for New Zealand, arriving at Wellington on 6 February.<59>  
Here, as part of the 2d Marine Division, the regiment rested, reorganized, and 
trained for nearly a year.  Liberty and leave were granted liberally, so that 
all Marines had an opportunity to see New Zealand and to become acquainted 
with its hospitable people. A well planned recreation program was implemented.  
But training went on, too, with the transition from play to work being brought 
about gradually.
     The 2d Marine Division, including the 2d Marines, was attached to V 
Amphibious Corps on 15 September.<60>  The Marines of the regiment attended 
the various specialist schools, such as tank, intelligence, etc., and then 
made good use of their added instruction in the execution of amphibious 
training exercises.
     The regiment sailed on 28 October, as part of the 2d Marine Division, for 
Efate, south of Espiritu Santo, to take part in final rehearsals for the 
landing at Tarawa.<61>  At Efate, on 7 November, Colonel Marshall, who had 
rebuilt the 2d Marines in New Zealand, became ill and had to be returned to 
the United States.  The following day, Lieutenant Colonel David M. Shoup 
                                      17
                                
            Patrol on Guadalcanal, August 1942.  (USMC Photo #50831)
                                 
             Assault on Tarawa, November 1943. (USMC Photo #63909)
                                      18
(22d Commandant of the Marine Corps, 1960-1963), the division's operations 
officer, received a spot-promotion to colonel and was assigned the command of 
the regiment.<62>
     The 2d Marines (Reinforced), with the 2d Battalion, 8th Marines attached, 
assaulted Betio Island, the main defensive bastion of the Japanese positions 
on Tarawa Atoll, on the morning of 20 November.  Just prior to the main 
landing, the Scout-Sniper Platoon, H&S Company, 2d Marines, arrived at the end 
of the long pier jutting into the sea and proceeded to clear it of enemy 
forces.  This helped the main assault forces move in towards their assigned 
beaches, but the Japanese fire was still murderous.  Only the first three 
waves of Marines were mounted in amphibian tractors, which enabled them to 
cross the fringe coral reef and move steadily to the shore.  The later waves 
were composed of landing craft, none of which could traverse the barrier reef.  
The Marines in these craft got out as best they could, stumbled across the 
reef, and waded towards shore. The toll in Marine blood was a costly price 
exacted by the devastating fire from well integrated gun positions on the 
island.  These later waves kept the attack moving and helped defend the 
beachhead won by the assault waves.
     In the latter part of the morning, Colonel Shoup and his staff landed and 
set up a command post on the pier, and, later, on the beach.  With the 
situation in critical balance, Colonel Shoup committed his reserve in the 
afternoon.  By nightfall, Combat Team 2 (the name given the assault force) was 
clinging precariously to a slim perimeter and subject to continuous heavy 
enemy fire.
     Early the following morning, reinforced by the remainder of the 8th 
Marines, Combat Team 2 pushed inland.  Progress was slow and casualties 
sustained were high.  But elements of the 1st and 2d Battalions, 2d Marines, 
supported by the 1st Battalion, 10th Marines, naval gunfire, and two tanks, 
managed to struggle southward to secure Green Beach, from which the anti-boat 
guns had been pouring death and destruction on the Marines still attempting to 
land.<63>  In the afternoon, the situation turned to Marine advantage, as more 
room became available to land and maneuver.  By nightfall, the 6th Marines 
began to land, and on arrival, the entire 2d Marine Division was committed.  
The attack was continued on the 22d with the Marines of the regiment holding 
their hard-won gains against vicious counter-attacks.  That night, the 1st 
Battalion, 2d Marines, helped repulse a fanatical Banzai attack from the 
southeastern end of the island.  This was to be the last organized enemy 
action, for on the 23d, a final push met only scattered resistance.  At 
approximately midday, Betio was secured.<64>
     On the following day, the 2d Marines left the island bound for Hawaii, 
where a new camp awaited them at Kamuela.  However, Camp Tarawa still required 
three weeks of tedious labor on the part of the Marines of the regiment before 
they could begin to 
                                      19
                                 
                  Map of Betio Island with inset of Tara Atoll
                                      20
                                
      Marine Reinforcements wading ashore at Tarawa.  (USMC Photo #63516)
                                 
              Assault on Saipan, 15 Jun 1944.  (USMC Photo #89471)
                                      21
rest and reorganize.  Replacements were integrated into the elements of the 
regiment, and an intensive training program was launched.  In the early phases 
of this program, training emphasis was placed on the lower units, with the 
newly adopted Marine Corps "fire-team" system being employed by the rifle 
battalions.  The proper functioning of the infantry-tank-artillery-engineer 
team was stressed in exercises conducted night and day in terrain varying from 
jungle and cane fields to that more typical of larger volcanic land 
masses.<65>
     The 2d Marines, as part of the 2d Marine Division, culminated its general 
training by taking part in V Corps amphibious maneuvers held during the latter 
part of March off the beaches of Maalaea Bay, Maui.  The 1st Battalion, 2d 
Marines, scheduled for a special mission with Company A, Corps Amphibious 
Reconnaissance Battalion, conducted a special final rehearsal during the 
period 20-24 May, at Hanalei Bay, Kauai.  On 30 May, the 2d Marines, in 2d 
Marine Division reserve, left Hawaii for further action against the Japanese.
     On board ship, Saipan was announced as the target with D-Day set for 15 
June.  The Marines of the regiment were given detailed information concerning 
their objective and mission.  The 2d Marines was to feint a landing on Tanapag 
Harbor and then land in support of the actual landing forces near Charan 
Kanoa.
     On 15 June, while elements of the 2d and 4th Marine Divisions made the 
assault landing in the vicinity of Charan Kanoa, the 2d Marines (less its 1st 
Battalion) successfully carried out the Tanapag feint in conjunction with the 
1st Battalion, 29th Marines, and the 24th Marines.  Later in the day, the 3d 
Battalion and a portion of the 2d Battalion, 2d Marines, landed on the Charan 
Kanoa beaches in the rear of the assaulting forces. The remainder of the 
regiment landed on the following day.  That night, the 2d Battalion, on line 
as part of the 6th Marines on the division left, assisted in repelling a 
violent Japanese tank-infantry counterattack.
     On the morning of the 17th, the regiment, as part of the 2d Marine 
Division, attacked towards Garapan, regulating its advance with that of the 
6th Marines to its right.<66>  The 2d Marines, the pivot of a corps wheeling 
movement to the north, marked time for several days just south of Garapan, 
sending out patrols and waiting for the word to continue the drive northward.
     In the afternoon of 23 June, the 2d Battalion (less company F), was 
detached from the 6th Marines and returned to the 2d Marines as regimental 
reserve.  On the same date, the 2d Battalion, 6th Marines, which had been 
operating as a part of the 2d Marines, was returned to its parent unit.  To 
replace it, the 1st Battalion, 2d Marines was released by division to the 2d 
Marines.
                                      22
     By the 24th, the inland drive of the forces had progressed sufficiently 
to enable the 2d Marines to advance.  However, on the outskirts of Garapan the 
regiment was again held up for several days, patrolling and consolidating its 
lines, while other elements of the 2d Marine Division slowly pushed through 
the high ground inland against continuous formidable resistance.
     Regimental patrols during this period not only kept the enemy off 
balance, but also provided an opportunity for the Marines to use various 
subterfuges to outwit the enemy and gain valuable information.  On the 29th, 
for example, the regiment made a mock attack on a hill occupied by about a 
platoon of Japanese.  After the preparatory fires had been lifted, the 2d 
Marines opened up with small-arms fire simulating an assault.  But, as soon as 
the Japanese raised up in their positions to repel the assault, artillery, 
mortars, and heavy machine guns raked the exposed enemy.  Several days later, 
when the regiment actually moved across the position, the litter of Japanese 
corpses attested to the success of the ruse.
     The regiment's 2d Battalion exchanged positions with the 3d Battalion, 
8th Marines on 1 July, with the latter unit assuming a reserve role for the 2d 
Marines.  The regiment drove into Garapan on the following day.  The 3d 
Battalion moved directly into the heart of the city, the largest on Saipan, 
while the 1st Battalion occupied Sugar Loaf Hill, to the east of Garapan, and 
tied in with the 6th Marines by nightfall.  The 3d Battalion pushed through 
the rest of the city and onto Mutcho Point on 3 July, with the 1st Battalion 
reaching the sea north of Garapan that night.  The two battalions cleared 
their sectors on the following day, and then, pinched out by the advance of 
the 6th Marines, they reverted to Northern Troops and Landing Force reserve.
     The regiment (less its 2d Battalion) was attached to the 4th Marine 
Division on the morning of 6 July, and advanced with the 23d Marines on its 
left and the 24th Marines on its right.  For the next five days, the 2d 
Marines, as part of the 4th Marine Division, drove forward against sporadic 
resistance, finally compressing the enemy into a small area on the northern 
tip of the island.  The 2d now participated in the mop up, and, on the 9th, 
the island was declared to be secured.  Isolated pockets of resistance in the 
cliffs and wooded areas of the northern part of Saipan kept the Marines of the 
regiment employed until 23 July.
     On the following day, the scene shifted for the 2d Marines as it 
participated in a feint landing off Tinian town, while the 4th Marine Division 
landed on the northern tip of the island of Tinian.  The 2d Marines also 
landed over the northern beaches on the 25th, taking positions in the rear of 
the 8th Marines.<67>  The regiment moved up on the right of the 8th Marines on 
the morning of the 26th, and joined that regiment in a drive toward
                                      23
                                
                Company CP I/3/2 on Saipan.  (USMC Photo #84188)
                                 
              Assault on Tinian, 21 Jul 1944.  (USMC Photo #87236)
                                      24
                                 
                          Map of Saipan/Tinian Island.
                                      25
the east coast.  Late in the day, the 2d and 8th wheeled to the south, moving 
rapidly against light resistance.
     The 2d Marines reached the cliffs in the Marpo Point area by 31 July and 
took up blocking positions to prevent the escape of any Japanese to the north.  
The island of Tinian was declared to be secured on 1 August, and the Marines 
of the regiment started on the task of mopping up enemy remnants.  The 2d's 
mission was over a week later, when the regiment was returned to Saipan to 
rest and reorganize.
     The 2d Marines remained on Saipan for the next seven months, training 
under battle conditions as Japanese stragglers continued to harass the 
occupation forces.  On 20 October, the regiment, as part of the 2d Marine 
Division, passed to the control of III Amphibious Corps for training, 
planning, and operations.  Intensive training continued while high level plans 
were developed for the next operation.
     The 2d Marines sailed for Okinawa on 25 March 1945, as part of the 
largest amphibious force yet participated in by Marine ground elements.  The 
regiment, with other units of the 2d Marine Division in III Amphibious Corps 
reserve, was positioned to execute a feint on the Minatoga beaches, on the 
southeastern tip of the island.<68>  The 2d headed for shore, along with other 
units of the diversionary force; at that moment, the actual landing was being 
made on the east central shore of Okinawa by other elements of III Amphibious 
Corps and XXIV Army Corps, comprising the Tenth Army.  Not until the landing 
craft turned about and headed back to the transports and LSTs did the Japanese 
discover the feint.  The 2d did suffer casualties, however, for, as its 
Marines boarded landing craft for the move to the beaches, a Japanese Kamikaze 
smashed through the hull of LST 884 killing or wounding a number of the men of 
Company I, 3d Battalion, 2d Marines.<69>  The ships bearing the 2d Marines 
withdrew to deeper water but remained circling in the East China Sea.  The 
threat of further Kamikaze action forced withdrawal of the amphibious force, 
and the 2d Marine Division (less its 130th Naval Construction Battalion) was 
returned to Saipan.  Here, the Marines of the 2d again commenced an intensive 
training program.  The atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the entry 
of Russia into the war against Japan caused a revision of the regiment's 
plans.
     Instead of making an assault on the Japanese homeland, the 2d Marines 
landed at Nagasaki on 23 September to participate in the occupation of 
Japan.<70>  The regiment was assigned an area consisting of Miyazaki 
Prefecture and the half of Kagoshima east of Kagoshima Wan, with the mission 
of checking locations of Japanese military installations and verifying the 
inventories of Japanese materiel in the assigned area.  In addition, the 2d 
Marines assisted in processing civilian and military personnel, including 
Formosans, Chinese, and Koreans in addition to the Japanese.
                                      26
     In November 1945, those men of the regiment who had accrued the highest 
number of points<71> were sent home.  In February 1946, the 3d Battalion was 
returned to the United States and deactivated.  Remaining battalions of the 2d 
Marines were billeted in camps throughout its assigned area and began training 
in basic subjects, including weapons, and combat tactics.  The regiment 
departed Japan for the United States on 13 June, docked at Norfolk on 12 July, 
and moved overland to Camp Lejeune.<72>
                                      27
                                 
                     Marine Occupation Area Kyushu 1945-46
                                      28
                                   SECTION IV
                                Decade By Decade
     Back "home," the 2d Marines embarked on another intensive training 
program to prepare for future assignments.  As part of the 2d Marine Division, 
which became the backbone of the newly formed Fleet Marine Force, Atlantic, 
the 2d Marines was to be employed in vital, varied, and demanding missions 
over the coming months.
     By late 1946, the regiment had an advanced amphibious training program 
underway.  After preparatory work with elements of the Atlantic Fleet at 
Little Creek in January and February 1947, the 2d Marines participated in 2d 
Marine Division landing exercises in the Caribbean in March.<73>
     Training continued during the spring and summer months, and on 10 
September, the 2d Marines (Rein), or RCT-2, embarked at Morehead City, the 
port of Camp Lejeune, for six weeks of amphibious exercises at Little Creek.  
Upon its return from Little Creek on 18 November, the regiment was reduced to 
battalion strength.<74>  Headquarters and Service Company was disbanded; the 
1st Battalion was redesignated 2d Marines and reorganized into Companies 
Headquarters, A, B, and C; and the 2d Battalion was deactivated.
     On 5 January 1948, the 2d Marines (Rein) embarked in USS BEXAR at 
Morehead City and sailed for the Mediterranean Sea.  It arrived at the island 
of Malta on 18 January, where its units were transferred to ships of the Sixth 
Fleet.<75>  The Marines of the regiment participated in exercises and 
maneuvers of the fleet until relieved in March, when the 2d again returned to 
Camp Lejeune.
     The regiment became part of the 1st Provisional Marine Regiment on 1 
November, and during the month, it made a two day stopover at Argentia, 
Newfoundland.<76>  The regiment was redesignated 2d Marines (Reinforced), 2d 
Marine Division on 14 December, and subsequently, took part in fleet maneuvers 
in the Atlantic and Mediterranean areas.<77>  The 2d returned to the United 
States in April 1949 and on 24 May, again became part of the 1st Provisional 
Marine Regiment.<78>  The 2d Marines returned to a two-battalion strength 
level on 17 October.
     The year 1950 passed in routine fashion for the 2d Marines with the 
highlight of the year coming in April, when the regiment took part in a 
division/wing exercise.  Training continued for the next year as the regiment 
made a concerted effort to improve its readiness.  War in Korea necessitated 
the transfer of many of the 2d's personnel to the 1st Marine Division, but
                                      29
the 2d Marines remained oriented towards the Caribbean and the Mediterranean.
     The regiment engaged in a major training exercise, LANTFLEX 52 at Vieques 
from 5 through 13 November 1951.  It then returned to Camp Lejeune, where the 
winter months were spent in preparing for further amphibious training 
exercises to be held at Little Creek during the latter part of March and early 
April 1952.  On the conclusion of these, the 2d Marines took part in TRAEX I 
at Vieques.  En route back to Lejeune, the regiment was feted by the city of 
Miami with 9 June being designated "2d Marine Regiment Day." On the 13th, the 
regiment returned home, "storming" the beaches at Onslow.
     BLT 3/2 carried out amphibious exercises at Little Creek in late July 
prior to serving as the landing force of the Sixth Fleet.  During its European 
tour, the BLT joined NATO forces in exercises at Jutland and cooperated with 
Greek and Turkish troops in a practice assault landing at Lebedos Bay, Turkey.
On 7 February 1953, BLT 3/2 rejoined its parent unit at Camp Lejeune.
     The regiment trained in helicopter maneuvers and other assault techniques 
during the spring in preparation for landings as part of the 2d Marine 
Division on Vieques from 5 through 28 March.  The summer and fall months 
passed uneventfully for the 2d, with BLT 1/2 heading for duty with the Sixth 
Fleet on 10 September.
     In January 1954, the remainder of the regiment engaged in amphibious 
exercises at Vieques.  BLT 1/2/ returned from Europe on 4 February, and, for 
the summer, the regiment was able to train as a unit.  BLT 2/2 embarked for 
Mediterranean duty on 8 September, and in November, the rest of the regiment 
took part in LANTFLEX 1-55.
     BLT 2/2 returned from its Mediterranean tour on 29 January, so for 
another summer, the 2d Marines could train as a unit in preparation, this 
time, for LANTPHIBEX 1-55 to be held at Onslow in October and early November.
     The 2d Marines climaxed its 1955 training by participating in TRAEX 1-56 
held at Vieques during the first three months of 1956.  BLT 3/2 embarked for 
duty with the Sixth Fleet on 22 August and soon put the previous year's 
intensive training to good use.  During the period 31 October through 3 
November, the BLT assisted in the evacuation of United States observors and 
other nationals from Alexandria, Egypt, and the Gaza Strip, as war threatened 
between Egypt and Israel.
   BLT 3/2 returned to the United States on 1 February 1957, and with all 
units of the 2d Marine rejoined, it was possible to train as a regimental 
organization.  Training during the early months of the year culminated in a 
regimental field exer-
                                      30
                                
Marine infantrymen conducting amphibious training at Onslow Beach.  (USMC 
Photo #A-140402)
                                 
Marines assault Onslow Beach during amphibious training exercises, February
1964.  (USMC Photo #A19478)
                                      31
cise held at Lejeune from 1 through 5 April.  BLT 1/2 again headed for duty 
with the Sixth Fleet on 30 April.  The 3d Battalion of the regiment took part 
in TRAMID exercises in June, aiding in the familiarization of Midshipmen in 
amphibious operations.  During the latter part of August and continuing 
through most of September, the 2d Battalion, 2d Marines furnished the infantry 
force for BATREX 2-57 held at Vieques.
     With the return of BLT 1/2 from southern Europe on 2 October, the 2d 
Marines increased the intensity of its training as preparations were made for 
TRAEX 1-58 to be held at Vieques in February 1958.  BLT 2/2 was the next unit 
of the regiment to head for Mediterranean duty, embarking on 1 May.
     This Mediterranean tour was a particularly important one, for the BLT was 
ashore at Beirut, Lebanon, from 15 July to 15 August, assisting in maintaining 
order and assuring the preservation of peace.  With the tense situation in 
Lebanon easing, the BLT withdrew in the middle of August, and on 23 October, 
it was again back at Camp Lejeune, joining the rest of the regiment in further 
training in the various aspects of amphibious warfare.
     From 10 January until 4 June 1959, the 1st Battalion of the regiment 
provided the infantry force for the 12th Provisional Brigade in BRIGADELEX 59 
held in the Caribbean area.  Meanwhile, BLT 3/2 departed for the Mediterranean 
on 26 February, returning on 24 August.  In September, the 2d Marines 
participated in 2d Marine Division exercise TRAEX 3-60 in the Onslow Beach 
area.
     The 60's became a period of intense training for the 2d Marines.  It 
engaged in virtually every type of conditioning related to the accomplishment 
of the Corps' mission.  The primary objective was, of course, to maintain a 
state of preparedness consistent with Marine Corps doctrine.  The 60's 
witnessed the continued deployment of BLTs to the Mediterranean and the 
Caribbean, while local exercises from small unit level through that of 
division/wing size kept the Marines of the 2d ready for any eventuality.  With 
this period came not only training, but events that were to realistically test 
the results of that preparation.  On several occasions the 2d Marines was 
called upon to respond to world crisis involving American interests.
     In the spring months of 1960, the Marines of the 2d, with engineer 
assistance, improved their instructional facilities at Camp Lejeune by 
building four classrooms in the regiment's area.  As a service to Marine 
personnel and as an added moral factor, the regiment established the first 
amateur radio station, W4PKW, at Camp Lejeune.  This provided a cross-country 
radio-telephone system that enabled Marine personnel to call home at no cost.
     In the summer months, the 3d Battalion took part in BRIGADELEX 3-60 in 
the Caribbean area.  BLT 2/2 participated in JAMLEX in the Onslow Beach area 
in the fall as part of continued joint
                                      32
training activities.  LANTPHIBEX 1-60, a combination surface and heli-borne 
assault, was the big exercise of the year, with the 2d Marines (Reinforced) 
landing over Onslow Beach in a heavy fog.  BLT 1/2 made the Mediterranean trip 
later in the summer, while the Caribbean was the scene of training for others.
     On 4 January, 1962 BLT 2/2 conducted a demonstration at Onslow beach for 
the Secretary of the Navy.  This demonstration involved an amphibious landing 
with support from the 2d Marine Aircraft Wing at Cherry Point.  In February, 
BLT 3/2 took part in an amphibious landing exercise, MEDLANDEX 1-62, in 
Sardinia.  BLT 3/2 had been conducting training exercises in the Mediterranean 
since September of 1961.<79>
     Foreign dignitaries were often invited to witness the marines in action 
during training exercises.  Such was the case in April, when the 2d Battalion 
took part in an impressive display of Marine tactics.  This operation involved 
8,000 Marines from Lejeune and was viewed by representatives from 45 
countries.  Among the spectators were President John F. Kennedy and the Shah 
of Iran.<80>
     In October and November 1962, the preparedness of the 2d Marines was 
tested.  President Kennedy ordered a complete naval quarantine against 
shipment of offensive arms by Russia to Cuba.  This action involved more than 
40 ships and 20,000 men.  The 2d Battalion and other elements of the 2d 
Marines embarked aboard the USS CHILTON and sailed from Morehead City, North 
Carolina on 16 October from the Cuban area.  This crisis eventually subsided 
but only after bringing the two major world powers to a confrontation that was 
alarmingly close to the brink of war.  The 2d Battalion returned to Camp 
Lejeune after disembarking at Sunny Point, North Carolina on 3 December.<81>
     During the next two years, the 2d Marines engaged in a variety of 
training exercises.  The need for a constant national state of readiness had 
been clearly shown by the Cuban Missile Crisis.
     On 10 July, 1963, BLT 2/2 embarked for a three month training exercise in 
the Caribbean.  While it was engaged in two amphibious landing exercises and 
conducting counter-insurgency operations over a period of four weeks, the 
landing team received air support from Provisional Marine Aircraft Group 60.  
During these operations, the 2d Battalion demonstrated its flexibility.  It 
was forced to reembark twice when hurricanes threatened.  In July 1963 when 
trouble developed in Haiti, the BLT was deployed off the coast of that country 
for 5 days.
     In September of 1963, BLT 3/2 departed for the Mediterranean while BLT 
1/2 conducted training exercises in the Caribbean.<82>
                                      33
     The legendary excellence of Marine infantry has been frequently 
attributed to intensive training at the small unit level.  In 1963 a rifle 
squad from the 3d Battalion won the 2d Marine Division's "Tarawa Award", as 
the top division squad.<83>
     The 2d Marines conducted normal training exercises during 1964.  These 
exercises were punctuated by two large-scale operations.  The first such 
operation, QUICK KICK V, was a mammoth 15-day combined service exercise.  On 
12 April, elements of the 2d Marines stormed ashore at Onslow Beach with more 
than 12,000 Marines from the 2d Division.  Units from the Army, Navy, and Air 
Force took part in this exercise which was viewed by the Commandant, General 
Wallace M. Greene, Jr., and other ranking service leaders, as well as 34 
Central and South American journalists.
     Late in October, elements of the 2d Marines arrived and disembarked at 
Huelva, Spain prior to the largest exercise of the year.  Taking place at the 
and of October, STEEL PIKE I involved a joint amphibious landing and assault 
on the beaches of southern Spain.  This landing was made by 28,000 Marines 
together with Navy and Marine forces of Spain.  This operation was of special 
significance in that it was the largest amphibious assault ever conducted by 
the Marine Corps in peacetime, as of that date.<84>
      The year 1965, as in 1962, witnessed an interruption in the normal 
training routine for the 2d.  Again it was called upon to exhibit its 
readiness to move out quickly in response to a crisis abroad.  During the 
spring of 1965, the Dominican Republic was beset by internal problems.  By 
late April, the situation had developed into a state of open rebellion 
endangering U. S. citizens and other foreign nationals.  With the mission to 
protect the people, Marines were called upon to land at Santo Domingo.  On 1 
May, BLT 1/2, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel J. E. Harrell, was heli-lifted 
from the Onslow Beach area to the amphibious assault ship, USS OKINAWA.  
Helicopters of Marine Aircraft Group 26 from New River, North Carolina were 
used to lift the battalion and its equipment.  From there, the OKINAWA sailed 
for the Dominican Republic.  The BLT remained afloat off the shores of the 
island republic for one month. The situation cooled off and it returned to 
Camp Lejeune on 29 May.<85>
     With this crisis over, 2d Marines units resumed their normal deployment 
and training exercises.  BLT 2/2 acted as the Marine ready force with the 
Sixth Fleet in the Mediterranean, while BLT 1/2 departed Camp Lejeune for a 
three month assignment to the Caribbean.  In October BLT 3/2 boarded ships for 
a five month deployment in the Mediterranean.  While deployed, 2d Marines 
units executed a variety of demanding exercises.  During the first two weeks 
in December, BLT 1/2 took part in PHIBMEMLEX-65.  This combined Navy/Marine 
tactical operation at Vieques,
                                      34
Puerto Rico involved 3,500 Marines from Camp Lejeune and Cherry Point.<86> 
Also in December, BLT 3/2 teamed with French Commandos in a vertical assault 
exercise at Santa Monza, Corsica. Marines utilized helicopters from the French 
helicopter assault ship ARROMANCHES during the assault.  In April of 1966, BLT 
2/2 was involved in Special Purpose Exercise-66 (SPECEX-66).  More than 1,500 
visitors viewed Marine air/ground team tactical readiness.  In addition to 
maintaining training programs throughout the regiment, the 2d acted as host to 
a variety of reserve units during the month of June.<87>
     While the 1st and 3d Marine Divisions were engaged in combat in the 
Republic of Vietnam, the 2d Marines and other elements of the 2d Marine 
Division instituted more rigorous and aggressive training programs aimed 
towards producing a much more combat-oriented Marine.  Programs were directed 
toward guerrilla type tactics.  At the same time this changed training 
technique was being carried on, the 2d Marines were supplying personnel as 
replacements to the combat-committed units and in time began to receive 
combat-trained Marines upon completion of their overseas tours.  These 
veterans' knowledge of Vietnam terrain and topography and the experience they 
had gained helped immeasureably towards enhancing the training of "boot" 
Marines.
     The 1st Battalion departed Camp Lejeune on 2 September for Guantanamo 
Bay.  It relieved 2/2 as part of the ground defense force for the base.  Also 
during September, BLT 3/2 left for the Caribbean where it replaced BLT 3/6 as 
the Marine Ready force. In December BLT 3/2 was involved in the largest 
Atlantic Naval and Marine exercises of the year.  LANTFLEX-66 took place at 
Vieques, where more than 42,000 men, 94 ships, and 19 air squadrons 
participated.  Anti-guerrilla tactics were stressed during this exercise and 
an attempt was made to recreate the type of diverse military problems American 
forces were currently facing in Southeast Asia.<88>
     A new program initiated by the 2d Marines became a significant highlight 
of its training during 1967.  The regiment had the distinction of organizing 
and training the first scout-sniper platoon in the division.  April marked the 
start of the initial training period which ended with graduation ceremonies on 
14 July.  This program differed from the usual Marine sniper program in that 
the students were rigorously trained in intelligence gathering techniques.  In 
addition they received instruction in adjustment of close air and artillery 
support.<89>
     During 1967, the regiment's major training exercise was conducted in 
March.  SHAMROCK, lasting two weeks, featured a regimental-size field exercise 
held at Camp Pickett, Virginia.<90>  In August, BLT 1/2 departed for the 
Mediterranean where it conducted six major training exercises.
                                      35
     The years 1967 and 1968 found the United States plagued by a variety of 
domestic problems.  Racial strife and civil disturbances were occurring with 
alarming frequency in the country. Foreseeing the possibility that Marines 
would be needed to help suppress disturbances, a training program was 
instituted in June of 1968 to teach the sensitive techniques of riot control. 
After this new program was fully established, the 2d continued its regular 
training.
     In August of that year (1968) Operation RIVERINE was conducted in the 
Conhabee and South Edisto river areas of South Carolina.  RIVERINE served a 
dual purpose in that it was designed to develop assault skills of amphibious 
forces operating in hostile river country, and secondly, to provide an 
intensive testing period for a new jet-powered armored troop carrier.<91>  
Also during 1968, BLT 1/2 and 3/2 alternately departed Camp Lejeune for 
service as the Caribbean ready force of the Sixth Fleet.  The 2d Battalion 
performed training during the latter part of the year at Little Creek, 
Virginia.
     In April 1969, BLT 1/2 participated in a 2d Division amphibious assault 
exercise SPEX-69 at Onslow Beach.  The operation was staged to demonstrate the 
striking power of the Navy/Marine Air/Ground team.<92>  May of 1969 found BLT 
2/2 participating in EXOTIC DANCER II, a joint Navy/Marine exercise in the 
Caribbean area.<93>
     The 2d Marines has continually strived to perfect its state of readiness 
for any eventuality.  During its existence of more than half a century, the 2d 
Marines has performed a variety of military duties throughout much of the 
world.  Whether called upon to fight a battle as bloody as Tarawa, to assist 
with government rule as in Haiti, or to maintain peace as in Lebanon or the 
Dominican Republic, the 2d Marines has consistently and effectively executed 
the mission assigned.  The officers and men who are, or who have been, members 
of the 2d Marines are justly inspired by the record of their regiment--a 
record that has kept tradition with the past, maintains vigiliant strength for 
the present, and promises to keep pace with American's needs for the future.
                                      36
                                 READING LIST
John Miller, Jr., GUADALCANAL:  THE FIRST OFFENSIVE---UNITED-STATES ARMY IN 
     WORLD WAR II---THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC.  Washington:  Historical Division,
     Department of the Army, 1949.  XVIII, 413 pp.  illus., maps, notes,
     bibliog.
        A detailed account of the entire Guadalcanal campaign with emphasis on
     Army participation.  Includes Army staff lists.  Contains references to
     the 2d Marines.
Philip A. Crowl and Edmund G. Love.  SEIZURE OF THE GILBERTS AND MARSHALLS---
     UNITED STATES ARMY IN WORLD WAR II---THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC. Washington: 
     Office of the Chief of Military History, Department of the Army, 1955. 
     XVI, 414 pp., illus., maps, bibliog.
        Includes a detailed account of Marine operations on Tarawa and
     Roi-Namur.  Contains references to the 2d Marines.
Philip A. Crowl.  CAMPAIGN IN THE MARIANAS---UNITED STATES ARMY IN WORLD WAR  
     II---THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC.  Washington: Office of the Chief of Military
     History, Department of the Army, 1960.  XIX, 505 pp.  illus., maps,
     bibliog.
        An account of the Army's role in the campaigns on Saipan, Tinian, and
     Guam.  Includes many references to Marines throughout and a succinct 
     analysis of the command relationships between the Army and Marine forces. 
     Contains staff and order of battle lists.
Jane Blakeney.  HEROES, U. S. MARINE CORPS, 1861-1955... Washington: Blakeney,
     1957, xviii, 621 pp. illus.
        A general compilation of individual decorations and unit honors,
     including the texts and citations accompanying the Medal of Honor and 
     unit decorations, and lists of Marines awarded the Navy Cross, 
     Distinguished Service Cross, Distinguished Service Medal, Silver Star, 
     Legion of Merit, Distinguished Flying Cross, Navy and Marine Corps Medal, 
     Soldiers Medal,  Life Saving Medal, and Reserve Special Commendation 
     Ribbon.
                                      37
Commander R. B. Coffey, USN.  "A Brief History of the Intervention in Haiti.  
     U. S. NAVAL INSTITUTE PROCEEDINGS, v. 48, no. 8 (Aug 1922), pp.1325-1344.
        An account of the United States' intervention in Haiti, 1915-1934, 
     with emphasis on Marine activities in restoring order and maintaining 
     peace within the country.
Colonel Robert Debs Heinl, Jr., USMC.  SOLDIERS OF THE SEA; THE UNITED STATES 
     MARINE CORPS, 1775-1962. Annapolis, Md.:  U. S. Naval Institute, 1962.
     xxxiii, 692 pp. illus., maps, notes, bibliog.
        A general history of the U. S. Marine Corps with emphasis on the 20th
     Century.
Major Carl W. Hoffman, USMC.  SAIPAN; THE BEGINNING OF THE END.  Washington: 
     Historical Division, Headquarters, U. S. Marine Corps, 1950. vii, 286 pp.
     illus., maps, notes, bibliog.
        Operations of the V Amphibious Corps, composed of the 2d and 4th 
     Marine Divisions, and the 27th Infantry Division, USA, together with the
     Army XXIV Corps Artillery on Saipan Island in the Mariana group, 15 Jun - 
     19 Jul 1944.  Includes a Japanese officer's personal account of the last 
     days of Lieutenant General Yoshitsugu Saito, commander of all Japanese 
     forces on Saipan.
Major Carl W. Hoffman, USMC.  THE SEIZURE OF TINIAN.  Washington: Historical
     Division, Headquarters, U. S. Marine Corps, 1951.  vi, 169 pp. illus.,
     maps, notes, bibliog.
        Operations of the 2d and 4th Marine Divisions, supported by Army and 
     Marine artillery, on Tinian Island in the Marianas group, 24 Jul - 1 Aug  
     1944.  Includes the text of propaganda leaflets used by American forces 
     on Tinian.
Lieutenant Colonel Frank O. Hough, USMCR, Major Verle E. Ludwig, USMC, and 
     Henry I. Shaw, Jr.  PEARL HARBOR TO GUADALCANAL---HISTORY OF U. S. MARINE
     CORPS OPERATIONS IN WORLD WAR II, v. 1.  Washington:  Historical Branch, 
     G73 Division, Headquarters, U. S. Marine Corps, 1958. x, 439 pp. illus.,
     maps, notes, bibliog.
        Operations of Marine Corps units in Samoa, from 21 Dec 1945; Iceland,
     7 Jul 1941 - 8 Mar 1942; Wake Island, 19 Aug - 23 Dec 1941; Philippines,  
     Jul 1941 - 6 May 1942; Guam,  8-10 Dec 1941; the Battle of Midway, 4-5 
     Jun 1942; Guadalcanal, 7 Aug 1942 - 9 Feb 1943.  Contains in introductory
     section on the pre-war development of amphibious techniques and doctrine  
     (pp. 1-56).  Appendices include the task organization of Marine units in 
     the Wake, Philippines, Midway,
                                      38
     and Guadalcanal operations, a table of casualties, and unit commendations 
     awarded for the period.
Jeter A. Isley and Philip A. Crowl.  THE U. S. MARINES AND AMPHIBIOUS WAR: ITS
     THEORY AND ITS PRACTICE IN THE PACIFIC. Princeton, N. J.:  Princeton
     University Press, 1951. x, 636 pp.  maps, notes.
        An interpretive history of the development of amphibious weapons,
     tactics, and doctrine by the Marine Corps during World War II.  Includes 
     an introductory section covering the pre-war evolution of amphibious 
     warfare and contains a chapter devoted to the Tentative Landing 
     Operations Manual which formed the basis for all subsequent amphibious 
     doctrine.
Richard W. Johnston.  FOLLOW ME; THE STORY OF THE SECOND MARINE DIVISION IN   
     WORLD WAR II.  New York: Random House, 1948.  xi, 305 pp.  illus., maps.
        An account of the division's campaigns:  Tulagi, Gavutu, 7-10 Aug 
     1942; Guadalcanal, 14 Sep 1942 - 19 Feb 1943; Tarawa, 20 Nov - 4 Dec 
     1943; Saipan, 15 Jun - 9 Jul 1944; Tinian, 24 Jul - 3 Aug 1944; Okinawa, 
     1 Apr - 15 Jul 1945.  Includes a table of casualties, photographs of 
     Medal of Honor recipients and commanding officers, and the text of the 
     Presidential Unit Citation awarded for the assault and capture of Tarawa.
Captain Edmund G. Love, USA.  THE 27TH INFANTRY DIVISION IN WORLD WAR II.
     Washington: Infantry Journal Press, 1949.  viii, 677 pp.  illus., maps.
        A narrative of the Army division which served with the V Amphibious  
     Corps in the Gilberts and on Saipan, and with the Tenth Army in the
     assault on Okinawa.  Many references to Marines throughout.
Captain Herbert L. Merillat, USMCR.  THE ISLAND; A HISTORY OF THE FIRST MARINE
     DIVISION ON GUADALCANAL, AUGUST 7 - DECEMBER 9, 1942.  Boston:
     Houghton-Mifflin, 1944.  xvi, 283 pp.  illus., ports, maps.
        A colorful account of the campaign by a combat correspondent. Contains
     references to the 2d Marines.
Lieutenant Colonel Clyde H. Metcalf, USMC.  "The Marines in China."  MARINE
     CORPS GAZETTE, v. 22, no. 3 (Sep 1938), pp. 35-37, 53-58.
        A narrative of Marine activities in China 1900-1901, 1911-1912, and  
     other years, including some discussion of tactics employed against 
     bandits and guerrillas.
                                      39
Bernard C. Nalty.  THE UNITED STATES MARINES IN THE GILBERTS CAMPAIGN---MARINE
     CORPS HISTORICAL REFERENCE SERIES, No. 28.  Washington: Historical 
     Branch, G-3 Division, Headquarters, U. S. Marine Corps, 1961.  9pp. 
     bibliog.
        A brief account of the capture of Tarawa. 
Captain James B. Stockman, USMC.  THE BATTLE FOR TARAWA. Washington: 
     Historical Section, Division of Public Information, Headquarters, U. S. 
     Marine Corps, 1947. vii, 86 pp illus., maps, notes, bibliog.
        Operations of the 2d Marine Division while serving under the V
     Amphibious Corps on Tarawa Atoll, principally Betio Island, and brief 
     accounts of the seizures of Apamama, Abaiang, Marakei, and Mainana 
     Atolls in the Gilberts, 20 Nov - 4 Dec 1943.
Benis M. Frank and Henry I. Shaw, Jr.  VICTORY AND OCCUPATION---HISTORY OF 
      U. S. MARINE CORPS OPERATIONS IN WORLD WAR II, v. V, Washington:
      Historical Branch, G-3 Division, Headquarters, U. S. Marine Corps, 1968. 
      xiii, 945 pp. illus., maps, notes, bibliog.
        A narrative covering Marine Corps activities in the Okinawa invasion 
     and the occupation of Japan and North China as well as the little known   
     story of Marine Prisoners of War.
                                      40
                                   APPENDIX A
                                     NOTES
(1)  Muster Rolls, 2d Regiment, Jan01 (Reference Branch, Historical Division,
     HQMC), hereafter MUSTER ROLLS with unit, month, and year.
(2)  "Report of the Commandant of the Marine Corps" in REPORT OF THE SECRETARY
      OF THE NAVY, 1901, p. 1228, hereafter CMC REPORT with year; "History of
      U.S. Marine Corps Activities at Subic Bay, P. I., 1899-1955," MS,
      (HistBr, G-3 Archives, HQMC, Jun56), p. 11, hereafter SUBIC BAY.
(3)  SUBIC BAY, p. 34.
(4)  Joel D. Thacker, "Stand Gentlemen, He Served on Samar!" MS, (HistBr, G-3  
     Archives, HQMC, Mar45).
(5)  SUBIC BAY, p. 23.
(6)  The need for such a base was pointed out by navy experience in the 
     Spanish-American War.  Special Report of the Commander in Chief, U. S.
     Asiatic Fleet, Appendix Q to "Report of Chief of the Bureau Navigation,"  
     "Report of the Secretary of the Navy, 1903," p. 651.
(7)  SUBIC BAY, p. 25.
(8)  CMC REPORT, 1912, p. 590.
(9)  MUSTER ROLLS, Companies B, C, and E, 2d Regiment, Dec11; Company A, 2d  
     Regiment, Aug12.
(10) MUSTER ROLLS, 2d Regiment, Jan14; SUBIC BAY, p. 35.
(11) MUSTER ROLLS, 2d Regiment, 1st Provisional Brigade, Dec03. In the early 
     years of 1900, several instances occurred when more than one regiment 
     with the same designation existed concurrently because of the forming of 
     provisional regiments to handle specific missions.  Each regiment
     designated "Second" or "2d" in muster rolls and unit diaries is 
     chronologically treated herein as of its date of activation.
(12) Clyde R. Metcalf, A HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS (New York:
     G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1939), p. 294ff, hereafter Metcalf, USMC HISTORY.
(13) CMC REPORT, 1904, p. 1192.
                                      41
(14) MUSTER ROLLS, 2d Regiment, 1st Provisional Brigade, Feb04.
(15) United States intervention in Cuba was authorized by the Platt Amendment 
     which implemented certain provisions of the Treaty of Paris.  Thomas A. 
     Bailey, A DIPLOMATIC HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE (New York: F. S.
     Crofts & Co., 1947), p. 549, hereafter Bailey, DIPLOMATIC HISTORY.
(16) MUSTER ROLLS, 4th Expeditionary Battalion, Sep06.
(17) MUSTER ROLLS, 2d Regiment, 1st Expeditionary Brigade, Oct06.
(18) MUSTER ROLLS, 2d Expeditionary Regiment, Dec09.
(19) CMC REPORT, 1910, p. 803.
(20) MUSTER ROLLS, 2d Regiment, 1st Provisional Brigade, Mar11.  p. 457.
(21) MUSTER ROLLS, 2d Regiment, 1st Provisional Brigade, Jun11.
(22) MUSTER ROLLS, 2d Provisional Regiment, May12.
(23) MUSTER ROLLS, 2d Provisional Regiment, Aug12; WAR DIARY, 1st Provisional
     Brigade, Marines, May-Aug12, (Cuba file, HistBr, G-3 Archives, HQMC).
(24) Bailey, DIPLOMATIC HISTORY, p. 559.
(25) MUSTER ROLLS, 2d Provisional Regiment, Sep12.
(26) CMC REPORT, 1904, p. 1193; Metcalf, USMC HISTORY, p. 340.
(27) MUSTER ROLLS, 2d Regiment, 2d Provisional Brigade.
(28) MUSTER ROLLS, 2d Regiment, Expeditionary Force, USMC, May13.
(29) MUSTER ROLLS, 2d Regiment, Expeditionary Force, USMC, Jun13; Metcalf, 
     USMC HISTORY, p. 298.
(30) CMC REPORT, 1913, p. 543; MUSTER ROLLS, 1st Advance Base Regiment, Jun13. 
     This regiment was designed to be made up of specialist for fixed defense
     activities of a permanent advance base force.  The 2d Advance Base
     Regiment was to be composed of infantry and artillery for mobile defense
     service by the force.
(31) CMC REPORT, 1914, p. 470ff.  With the formation of this brigade the
     Advance base force came into being.  It was composed of two permanently 
     organized regiments, each tailored to its specific part in the advance 
     base force concept.  At the same tine, numerical designations for
     companies were adopted to alleviate the problem of having more than one
     company A, for example, in any one of the expeditionary force.
                                      42
(32) MUSTER ROLLS, 1st Regiment, Feb14.
(33) Kenneth W. Condit and Edwin T. Turnbladh, HOLD HIGH THE TORCH, A HISTORY 
     OF THE 4TH MARINES (Washington:  HistBr, G-3, HQMC, 1960), p. 12.
(34) CMC REPORT, 1914, p. 470ff.
(35) CMC REPORT, 1915, p. 662.
(36) MUSTER ROLLS, 1st Regiment, Dec14.
(37) D.A. Greber, CRISIS DIPLOMACY (Washington: Public Affairs Press, 1959), 
     p. 155. 
(38) CMC REPORT, 1915, p. 662.
(39) MUSTER ROLLS, 2d Regiment, May-Jul16.
(40) James H. McCrocklin, GARDE D' HAITI: TWENTY YEARS OF ORGANIZATION AND 
     TRAINING BY THE UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS (Annapolis:  U.S. Naval 
     Institute, 1956).
(41) MUSTER ROLLS, 10th Company, 2d Regiment, Nov16.
(42) MUSTER ROLLS, 2d Regiment and enumerated companies, Dec19.
(43) MUSTER ROLLS, 2d Regiment, Jan20.
(44) Metcalf, USMC HISTORY, p. 395ff.
(45) CMC REPORT, 1923, p. 969.
(46) MUSTER ROLLS, enumerated companies, 2d Regiment, Jul24.
(47) MUSTER ROLLS, Headquarters Company, 2d Regiment, Jun 25.
(48) MUSTER ROLLS, 2d Regiment and enumerated companies, Jul25.
(49) MUSTER ROLLS, 63d and 54th Companies, 2d Regiment, Mar26.
(50) MUSTER ROLLS, 2d Marines, Jan33.
(51) MUSTER ROLLS, 2d Marines, Jul-Aug34.
(52) MUSTER ROLLS, 2d Marines, Feb41.
(53) Richard W. Johnston, FOLLOW ME! THE STORY OF THE SECOND MARINE DIVISION 
     IN WORLD WAR II (New York: Random House, 1949), p. 13ff, hereafter
     Johnston, 2DMARDIV HISTORY.
                                      43
(54) Division Training Order #21-42, dated 28 May 42: Units were 2d Marines; 
     2d Bn, 10th Marines; Co C, 2d Tank Bn; 1st Plat, Btry A (AA) SW/Bn; 1st 
     Plat, Btry B (AT) SW/Bn; Co A, 2d EngBn; Co A, 2d Pion Bn plus CommTm #1; 
     Co C, 2d SerBn; Co A, 2d AmphTrBn, plus Repair Sec H&S Co, 2d SerBn; Det 
     PX, 2d SerBn;Det Commissary Unit, 2d SerBn; Two Bakery Units, Bakery 
     Section, Commissary Platoon.
(55) Isely and Crowl, USMC AMPHIBIOUS WAR, (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton
     University Press, 1951), p. 114; John L. Zimmerman, THE GUADALCANAL
     CAMPAIGN (Washington: HistBr, G-3, HQMC, 1949), p. 22, hereafter
     Zimmerman, GUADALCANAL.
(56) LtCol Frank O. Hough, Maj Verle E. Ludwin, and Henry I. Shaw, Jr., PEARL 
     HARBOR TO GUADALCANAL, HISTORY OF U. S. MARINE CORPS OPERATIONS IN WORLD  
     WAR II, Vol. I (Washington: HistBr, G-3; HQMC, 1958), p. 263, and, unless
     otherwise cited, the source of the following account of the 2d Marines in 
     the Guadalcanal area.
(57) Zimmermann, GUADALCANAL, Map following p. 94.
(58) Zimmermann, GUADALCANAL, p. 112.
(59) The 2d was stationed at Camp McKay's Crossing, where all attached units   
     reverted to their parent control on 7 February. MUSTER ROLLS, 2d Marine 
     Division, Feb43.
(60) Capt James R. Stockman, THE BATTLE FOR TARAWA (Washington: Historical   
     Section, Division of Public Information, HQMC, 1947), p. 3, and, unless   
     otherwise cited, the source of the following account of the 2d Marines on 
     Tarawa.
(61) Johnston, 2DMARDIV HISTORY, p. 98ff.
(62) MUSTER ROLLS, 2d Marine Division, Nov43.
(63) Johnston, 2DMARDIV HISTORY, p. 132.
(64) For his leadership, tactics, and devotion to duty, Colonel Shoup received 
     our Country's highest award, the Congressional Medal of Honor.
(65) Maj Carl W. Hoffman, SAIPAN: THE BEGINNING OF THE END (Historical
     Division, HQMC, 1950, pp. 30-31 and, unless otherwise cited, the source 
     of the following account of the 2d Marines on Saipan.
(66) At this time, the regiment was composed of its own 3d Battalion and the 
     2d Battalion, 6th Marines.  Its 2d Battalion was still attached to the 
     6th Marines, while its 1st Battalion was under 2d Marine Division 
     control.  One company of the 1st Battalion, 2d Marines returned to 2d 
     Marine control late in the afternoon of the 17th.
                                      44
(67) Maj Carl W. Hoffman, THE SEIZURE OF TINIAN (Washington: Historical
     Division, HQMC, 1951), p. 69, and, unless otherwise cited, the source of
     the following account of the 2d Marines on Tinian.
(68) Maj Charles S. Nichols and Henry I. Shaw, Jr., OKINAWA: VICTORY IN THE 
     PACIFIC (Washington: HistBr, G-3, HQMC, 1955), p. 63, and, unless 
     otherwise cited, the source of the following account of the 2d Marines at
     Okinawa.
(69) Johnston, 2DMARDIV HISTORY, p. 262.  The word Kamikaze which is Japanese
     for divine wind was the name of those manned aircraft deliberately 
     crashed on the enemy in a suicidal attempt to forestall defeat.
(70) Henry I. Shaw, Jr., THE UNITED STATES MARINES IN THE OCCUPATION OF JAPAN,
     MS (HistBr, G-3, HQMC, 1960), p. 32, and, unless otherwise cited, the
     source of the following account of the 2d Marines in Japan.
(71) Points were awarded for time overseas, combat operations participated in,
     personal citations, and dependents.
(72) MUSTER ROLLS, 2dMarDiv, Jun-Jul46.
(73) "THE CAMP LEJEUNE GLOBE (Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, 18 Dec 46 - 26 Mar
     47), and, unless otherwise cited, the source of the remainder of the 2d
     Marines' narrative.
(74) This reduction was part of a 2d Marine Division reorganization as
     announced by Division General Order #157-47, dated 8Nov47; MUSTER ROLLS,
     2dMarDiv, Nov47.
(75) The 2d Marines was redesignated 2d Marines (Reinforced) in compliance 
     with CG, FMFLant confidential dispatch 24135, dated Dec47: MUSTER ROLLS,
     2dMarDiv, Jan48.  Mediterranean duty for the regiment, BLTs thereof, and  
     other Marine units during the years to the present (1960) involved 
     participating as the landing force of the Sixth Fleet patrolling the 
     Mediterranean and North Atlantic waters in accordance with United States 
     policy of promoting peace and stability in the area.
(76) MUSTER ROLLS, 1stProvMarReg, Nov48.
(77) CO, Hq., 1stProvMarReg, confidential letter, Serial 02, dated 13Dec48: 
     MUSTER ROLLS, 2dMarDiv, Dec48.
(78) CG, 2dMarDiv letter, Serial 9926, dated 31May49: MUSTER ROLLS,
     1stProvMarReg, May49.
                                      45
(79) THE CAMP LEJEUNE GLOBE (Camp Lejeune, North Carolina) 16Feb42.
(80) GLOBE, 19Apr62.
(81) UNIT DIARY, Headquarters Company, 2d Regiment, 1962.
(82) IBID., 14Nov63.
(83) IBID., 30Jan64.
(84) UNIT DIARY, Headquarters Company, 2d Regiment, 1964.
(85) THE CAMP LEJEUNE GLOBE, 3Jun65.
(86) IBID., 2Dec65.
(87) IBID., 2Jun66.
(88) IBID., 22Dec66.
(89) COMMAND CHRONOLOGY, 2d Marines, July 1966 - December 1967, (enc. 5).
(90) POST EXERCISE REPORT  2d Marines, 1967 (Exercise "Shamrock").
(91) GLOBE, 23Aug68.
(92) IBID., 25Apr69.
(93) IBID., 18May69.
                                      46
                                   APPENDIX B
                   Commanding Officers, 2d Marines, 1901-1960
                                  Introduction
     Since 1901, there have been a number of regimental organizations in the 
Marine Corps bearing the designation "Second." The following list enumerates 
the Commanding Officers of all of these regiments.  In the early days, there 
were instances in which there were more than one "2d Regiment" at the same 
time.  Each of these has been entered in the list chronologically by the date 
of activation.  A series of asterisks have been used at the end of particular 
rosters to indicate total disbandment of a regiment.  Absence of asterisks 
between regimental headings indicates a redesignation.  Single asterisks 
indicate those Commanding Officers later to become Commandants of the Marine 
Corps.
                            2d Regiment, 1st Brigade
Note:  Organized in the Philippines upon the forming of the provisional 1st 
       Brigade in January 1901.
LtCol  Allen C. Kelton                          1 Jan 1901 - 29 Sep 1901
Maj    Randolph Dickens                        30 Sep 1901 - 17 Oct 1901
LtCol  Otway C. Berryman                       18 Oct 1901 - 19 Jan 1903
Maj    Randolph Dickens                        20 Jan 1903 -  4 Feb 1903
Maj    Lincoln Karmany                          5 Feb 1903 -  7 Aug 1903
Capt   Arthur J. Matthews                       8 Aug 1903 - 14 Aug 1903
Capt   Eli K. Cole                             15 Aug 1903 - 28 Aug 1903
Maj    Lincoln Karmany                         29 Aug 1903 - 15 Apr 1904
Maj    Charles A. Doyen                        16 Apr 1904 - 24 Jan 1905
Capt   Philip D. Brown                         25 Jan 1905 - 28 Feb 1905
Maj    Charles A. Doyen                         1 Mar 1905 -  7 Apr 1905
Maj    Joseph H. Pendleton                      8 Apr 1905 -  5 Jul 1905
Maj    Lewis C. Lucas                           6 Jul 1905 -  7 Sep 1905
Maj    Eli K. Cole                              8 Sep 1905 - 16 Sep 1906
Capt   Smedley D. Butler                       17 Sep 1906 - 20 Nov 1906
Maj    Eli K. Cole                             21 Nov 1906 - 28 Aug 1907
Capt   John W. Wright                          29 Aug 1907 -  3 Sep 1907
Maj    Eli K. Cole                              4 Sep 1907 - 23 Nov 1907
Capt   Hiram I. Bearss                         24 Nov 1907 - 29 Feb 1908
Capt   John W. Wright                           1 Mar 1908 -  9 Nov 1908
Capt   William H. Clifford                     10 Nov 1908 -  3 Dec 1908
Maj    William N. McKelvy                       4 Dec 1908 - 10 Nov 1909
Maj    Thomas C. Treadwell                     11 Nov 1909 - 24 Jan 1910
LtCol  Joseph H. Pendleton                     25 Jan 1910 - 13 Jan 1911
Capt   Alexander S. Williams                   14 Jan 1911 - 15 Feb 1911
                                      47
LtCol  Joseph H. Pendleton                     16 Feb 1911 -  7 Jul 1911
Capt   Herbert J. Hirshinger                    8 Jul 1911 -  7 Aug 1911
LtCol  Joseph H. Pendleton                      8 Aug 1911 - 11 Sep 1911
Capt   John W. Wadleigh                        12 Sep 1911 - 16 Sep 1911
Capt   James McE. Huey                         17 Sep 1911 -  9 Oct 1911
LtCol  Joseph H. Pendleton                     10 Oct 1911 - 11 Oct 1911
Capt   James McE. Huey                         12 Oct 1911 - 17 Oct 1911
LtCol  Joseph H. Pendleton                     18 Oct 1911 - 22 Nov 1911
Capt   James McE. Huey                         23 Nov 1911 - 25 Nov 1911
LtCol  Joseph H. Pendleton                     26 Nov 1911 - 19 Dec 1911
Capt   James McE. Huey                         20 Dec 1911 - 22 Dec 1911
LtCol  Joseph H. Pendleton                     23 Dec 1911 - 17 Jan 1912
Capt   James McE. Huey                         18 Jan 1912 - 31 Jan 1912
Col    Joseph H. Pendleton                      1 Feb 1912 -  6 May 1912
LtCol  Laurence H. Moses                        7 May 1912 - 15 Nov 1912
Capt   Herbert J. Hirshinger                   16 Nov 1912 -  1 Dec 1912
LtCol  Laurence H. Moses                        2 Dec 1912 - 23 Mar 1913
Capt   Benjamin F. Rittenhouse                 24 Mar 1913 - 28 Apr 1913
LtCol  Laurence H. Moses                       29 Apr 1913 - 20 Jan 1914
                                   * * * * *
                      2d Regiment, 1st Provisional Brigade
Note:  Organized at Philadelphia for duty in Panama.
LtCol  Littleton W. T. Waller                  26  Dec 1903 - 20 Feb 1904
                                   * * * * *
                     2d Regiment, 1st Expeditionary Brigade
Note:  Organized at Camp Columbia, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, by redesignation of
       4th Expeditionary Battalion.
LtCol  Franklin J. Moses                        8 Oct 1906 - 31 Oct 1906
                                   * * * * *
                       2d Regiment, Expeditionary Brigade
Note:  Organized at Philadelphia for duty in Panama.
LtCol  Eli K. Cole                             12 Dec 1909 - 25 Apr 1910
                                   * * * * *
                      2d Regiment, 1st Provisional Brigade
Note:  Organized at Philadelphia for duty in Cuba.
Col    Franklin J. Moses                       11  Mar 1911 - 14 Jun 1911
                                      48
                            2d Provisional Regiment
Note:  Organized at Philadelphia for duty in Cuba.
Col    James E. Mahoney                        27 May 1912 - 13 Jul 1912
Capt   Philip S. Brown                         14 Jul 1912 -  1 Aug 1912
                                   * * * * *
                            2d Provisional Regiment
Note:  Organized at Philadelphia for duty in the Dominican Republic.
Col    Franklin J. Moses                       27 Sep 1912 -  7 Dec 1912
                                   * * * * *
                      2d Regiment, 2d Provisional Brigade
Note:  Organized at Philadelphia for duty in Cuba.
Col    Joseph H. Pendleton                     19 Feb 1913 - 30 Apr 1913
                                   * * * * *
                     2d Regiment, Expeditionary Force, USMC
Col    Joseph H. Pendleton                      1 May 1913 -  1 Jun 1913
                                   * * * * *
                           1st Advance Base Regiment
Note:  This unit was organized at Advance Base School, Marine Barracks,
       Philadelphia.
LtCol  Charles G. Long                         19 Jun 1913 - 17 Feb 1914
                     1st Regiment, 1st Advance Base Brigade
LtCol  Charles G. Long                         18 Feb 1914 - 21 Apr 1914
                           1st Regiment, 1st Brigade
LtCol  Charles G. Long                         22 Apr 1914 -  5 May 1914
Col    James E. Mahoney                         6 May 1914 -  4 Dec 1914
LtCol  Charles G. Long                          5 Dec 1914 -  7 Aug 1915
Col    Theodore P. Kane                         8 Aug 1915 - 15 Aug 1915
Col    Eli K. Cole                             16 Aug 1915 -  8 May 1916
LtCol  Laurence H. Moses                        9 May 1916 - 24 Jun 1916
Col    Eli K. Cole                             25 Jun 1916 - 30 Jun 1916
Note:  1st and 2d Regiments exchanged designations in Santo Domingo, Dominican
       Republic, 1 Jul 1916.
                                      49
Col    Eli K. Cole                              1 Jul 1916 - 30 Nov 1916
LtCol  Philip M. Bannon                         1 Dec 1916 - 10 Jan 1918
MaJ    Richard S. Hooker                       11 Jan 1918 - 31 Mar 1918
Maj    John W. Wadleigh                         1 Apr 1918 - 28 Apr 1918
LtCol  Richard S. Hooker                       29 Apr 1918 - 14 Nov 1918
LtCol  Thomas H. Brown                         15 Nov 1918 - 28 Nov 1918
LtCol  Richard S. Hooker                       29 Nov 1918 -  9 Dec 1918
Maj    Henry S. Green                          10 Dec 1918 - 17 Jan 1919
LtCol  Richard S. Hooker                       18 Jan 1919 - 20 Jul 1919
LtCol  Thomas H. Brown                         21 Jul 1919 - 10 Sep 1919
Maj    Charles A. Lutz                         11 Sep 1919 -  2 Oct 1919
Col    Randolph C. Berkeley                     3 Oct 1919 - 20 Oct 1921
Col    George Van Orden                        21 Oct 1921 -  8 Apr 1923
LtCol  William H. Pritchett                     9 Apr 1923 -  9 Jul 1923
Col    William N. McKelvy                      10 Jul 1923 - 10 Nov 1924
Maj    Maurice E. Shearer                      11 Nov 1924 -  9 Jan 1925
Col    William N. McKelvy                      10 Jan 1925 - 10 Jun 1925
Maj    Maurice E. Shearer                      11 Jun 1925 - 30 Jun 1925
Col    Harold C. Snyder                         1 Jul 1925 -  8 Apr 1926
Col    Macker Babb                              9 Apr 1926 - 30 Jun 1927
Maj    Archibald Young                          1 Jul 1927 - 19 Aug 1927
Col    Presley M. Rixey, II                    20 Aug 1927 - 21 May 1929
Col    Richard P. Williams                     22 May 1929 - 30 May 1930
Col    Edward B. Manwaring                     31 May 1930 - 15 May 1932
Col    Harry G. Bartlett                       16 May 1932 - 16 Jun 1932
Col    James T. Buttrick                       17 Jun 1932 - 31 Dec 1932
                                  2d Marines
Note:  Redesignated by authority Article 5-41(4), Marine Corps Manual.
Col    James T. Buttrick                        1 Jan 1933 - 27 Dec 1933
Col    Eli T. Fryer                            28 Dec 1933 - 31 May 1934
Maj    Samuel P. Budd                           1 Jun 1934 - 15 Aug 1934
Note:  On 15 Aug 1934, the 2d Marines disbanded upon the evacuation of the 1st
       Brigade from the Republic of Haiti.
                                   * * * * *
                                   2d Marines
Note:  Reactivated at Marine Corps Base, San Diego, as an integral part of the  
       2d Marine Division.
Col    Joseph C. Fegan                          1 Feb 1941 - 24 Oct 1941
LtCol  Roy C. Swink                            25 Oct 1941 - 20 Nov 1941
Col    John M. Arthur                          21 Nov 1941 -  6 Jun 1943
Col    William M. Marshall                      7 Jun 1943 - 18 Jul 1943
LtCol  Arnold F. Johnston                      19 Jul 1943 - 26 Sep 1943
Col    William M. Marshall                     27 Sep 1943 -  7 Nov 1943
*Col   David M. Shoup                           8 Nov 1943 - 23 Dec 1943
                                      50
LtCol  Lloyd Russell                           24 Dec 1943 -  1 Jan 1944
LtCol  Walter J. Stuart                         2 Jan 1944 -  3 Sep 1944
Col    Richard M. Cutts, Jr.                    4 Sep 1944 - 24 Oct 1945
LtCol  Clarence J. O'Donnell                   25 Oct 1945 - 17 Apr 1946
LtCol  Ronald B. Wilde                         18 Apr 1946 -  1 Aug 1946
Col    Francis H. Brink                         2 Aug 1946 - 18 Nov 1947
                                   2d Marines
Note:  As of 18 Nov 1947, the 2d Marines was reduced to battalion strength 
with
       the 1st Battalion, 2d Marines, being designated "2d Marines."
Col    Francis H. Brink                        19 Nov 1947 -  6 Apr 1948
LtCol  Max C. Chapman                           7 Apr 1948 - 30 Apr 1948
LtCol  Wilbur F. Meyerhoff                      1 May 1948 - 18 May 1948
Col    Randall M. Victory                      19 May 1948 - 31 Oct 1948
                  2d Marines, 1st Provisional Marine Regiment
Col    Randall M. Victory                       1 Nov 1948 - 21 Nov 1948
LtCol  Harold Granger                          22 Nov 1948 - 13 Dec 1948
                   2d Marines, Reinforced, 2d Marine Division
LtCol  Harold Granger                          14 Dec 1948 - 23 May 1949
                  2d Marines, 1st Provisional Marine Regiment
LtCol  Harold Granger                          24 May 1949 - 31 Jul 1949
LtCol  Jack W. Hawkins                          1 Aug 1949 -  2 Oct 1949
Col    Randall M. Victory                       3 Oct 1949 - 16 Oct 1949
                                   2d Marines
Note:  On 17 Oct 1949, the 2d Marines was reorganized and enlarged to full  
       regimental status.
Col    Randall M. Victory                      17 Oct 1949 -  1 Feb 1950
LtCol  Gould P. Groves                          2 Feb 1950 - 25 Feb 1950
LtCol  Reynolds H. Hayden                      26 Feb 1950 - 28 Apr 1950
LtCol  Gould P. Groves                         29 Apr 1950 -  4 Aug 1950
       None Designated                          5 Aug 1950 - 10 Aug 1950
LtCol  Walter F. Layer                         11 Aug 1990 -  5 Sep 1950
Col    Reynolds H. Hayden                       6 Sep 1950 - 20 Jul 1951 
Col    Bruno Hochmuth                          21 Jul 1951 - 29 Jul 1952
Col    Robert F. Scott                         30 Jul 1952 - 16 Aug 1953
LtCol  William A. Stiles                       17 Aug 1953 - 19 Oct 1953
Col    David W. Stonecliffe                    20 Oct 1953 -  9 Jul 1954
                                      51
Col    George W. Hayes                         10 Jul 1954 - 24 Aug 1955
Col    William R. Collins                      25 Aug 1955 -  5 Jul 1956
Col    Robert E. Cushman, Jr.                   6 Jul 1956 - 19 Feb 1957
Col    Raymond L. Dean                         20 Feb 1957 - 15 Jul 1957
LtCol  Tillman N. Peters                       16 Jul 1957 -  1 Aug 1957
Col    John J. Gormley                          2 Aug 1957 - 25 Jun 1958
Col    Charles R. Baker                        26 Jun 1958 -  1 Dec 1959
Col    Erma A. Wright                           2 Dec 1959 - 12 Jun 1960
Col    Charles W. Kelly, Jr.                   13 Jun 1960 - 16 Jun 1961
Col    Alfred L. Booth                         17 Jun 1961 -  4 Apr 1962
Col    Robert M. Richards                       5 Apr 1962 -  2 Jul 1963
LtCol  John B. Bristow                          3 Jul 1963 - 31 Jul 1963
Col    James Taul                               1 Aug 1963 -  1 Aug 1964
Col    Paul M. Smith                            2 Aug 1964 -  6 Feb 1965
Col    Charles H. Brush, Jr.                    7 Feb 1965 -  7 Jun 1966
Col    William R. Burgoyne, Jr.                 8 Jun 1966 - 31 Aug 1967
Col    Leroy V. Corbett                         1 Sep 1967 - 18 Feb 1968
Col    William E. Barber                       19 Feb 1968 - 13 May 1969
Col    Lawrence J. Bradley                     14 May 1969 - 28 May 1970
LtCol  David M. Twomey                         29 May 1970 - 
                                      52
                                  APPENDIX C
                      Chronology - Provisional Regiments
 1 Jan 1901   2d Regiment organized at Cavite, Philippine Islands.
20 Jan 1914   2d Regiment dissolved by reassignment of elements.
 6 Dec 1903   2d Regiment, 1st Provisional Brigade organized at League Island,
              Pennsylvania, for duty in Panama.
14 Feb 1904   2d Regiment, 1st Provisional Brigade disbanded at Panama.
 8 Oct 1906   2d Regiment, 1st Expeditionary Brigade formed in Cuba.
31 Oct 1906   2d Regiment, 1st Expeditionary Brigade disbanded in Cuba.
12 Dec 1909   2d Expeditionary Regiment formed at Philadelphia.
25 Apr 1910   2d Expeditionary Regiment disbanded at Philadelphia.
 9 Mar 1911   2d Regiment, 1st Provisional Brigade formed at Philadelphia.
14 Jun 1911   2d Regiment, 1st Provisional Brigade disbanded at Philadelphia.
27 May 1912   2d Provisional Regiment formed at Philadelphia for duty in Cuba.
 1 Aug 1912   2d Provisional Regiment dissolved in Cuba.
27 Sep 1912   2d Provisional Regiment formed at Philadelphia for duty in Santo
               Domingo.
 7 Dec 1912   2d Provisional Regiment returned to and disbanded at
              Philadelphia.
19 Feb 1913   2d Regiment, 2d Provisional Brigade formed at Philadelphia 
              intended for duty in Mexico but went to Cuba awaiting an 
              emergency.
 1 May 1913   Redesignated 2d Regiment, Expeditionary Force.
 1 Jun 1913   2d Regiment, Expeditionary Force returned to and disbanded at 
              Philadelphia.
                                      53
                                  APPENDIX D
                            Chronology, 2d Marines
19 Jun 1913  1st Advance Base Regiment organized at Philadelphia.
23 Dec 1913  Redesignated as 1st Advance Base Regiment, Advance Base Brigade.
18 Feb 1914  Redesignated as 1st Regiment, Advance Base Brigade.
22 Apr 1914  1st Regiment landed at Vera Cruz, Mexico.
23 Nov 1914  1st Regiment departed Mexico for Philadelphia.
15 Aug 1915  1st Regiment relocated to Cape Haitien.
 1 Jul 1916  1st Regiment redesignated 2d Regiment.
 1 Jan 1933  2d Regiment redesignated as 2d Marines.
15 Aug 1934  2d Marines deactivated in Haiti.
 1 Feb 1941  2d Marines reactivated at Marine Corps Base, San Diego.
 1 Jul 1942  2d Marines deployed to Koro Island.
 7 Aug 1942  2d Marines participated in Solomon Islands campaign.
    to
31 Jan 1943
 6 Feb 1943  2d Marines redeployed to Wellington, New Zealand.
20-24 Nov    2d Marines participated in Tarawa campaign.
 1943
24 Nov 1943  2d Marines redeployed to Camp Tarawa, Hawaii.
15 Jun 1944  2d Marines participated in Saipan Campaign and Tinian Campaign.
    to 
 7 Aug 1944
 8 Aug 1944  2d Marines performed duty in Saipan.
    to
   Mar 1945
 1 Apr 1945  2d Marines participated in Okinawa-Gunto Campaign.
    to
30 Jun 1945
                                      54
23 Sep 1945  2d Marines performed occupation duty in Japan.
    to
13 Jun 1946
12 Jul 1946  2d Marines arrived at Camp Lejeune.
31 Oct 1956  Elements of 2d Marines assisted in the evacuation of U.S.
   to        observors and other nationals from Alexandria, Egypt.
 3 Nov 1956   
24 Oct 1962  Elements of 2d Marines participated in Cuban Missile Crisis.
    to 
12 Dec 1962
 1 May 1965  Elements of 2d Marines participated in Dominican Republic Crisis.
    to 
29 May 1965
                                      55
                                  APPENDIX E
                           Honors of the 2d Marines
PRESIDENTIAL UNIT CITATION STREAMER WITH ONE BRONZE STAR
     (Guadalcanal, 7 Aug - 9 Dec 1942)
     (Tarawa, 20-24 Nov 1943)
MEXICAN SERVICE STREAMER
     (21-23 Apr 1914)
HAITIAN CAMPAIGN STREAMER WITH 1915 - 1919 - 1920 CLASP
     (4 Aug 1915 - 6 Dec 1915, 1 Apr 1919 - 15 Jun 1920)
MARINE CORPS EXPEDITIONARY STREAMER WITH ONE BRONZE STAR
     (Haiti, 7 Dec 1915 - 5 Apr 1917, 12 Nov 1918 - 31 Mar 1919;
      16 Jun 1920 - 25 Nov 1924; 4 Dec 1929 - 5 Aug 1931)
     (Cuba, 3-14 Jan, 22 Jan - 16 Mar, 22 Apr - 22 Jun, and
      11 Oct 1961 - 1 Feb 1962)
WORLD WAR I VICTORY STREAMER WITH ONE BRONZE STAR
     (West Indies, 6 Apr 1917 - 11 Nov 1918)
AMERICAN DEFENSE SERVICE STREAMER
     (1 Feb - 7 Dec 1941)
ASIATIC-PACIFIC CAMPAIGN STREAMER WITH ONE SILVER AND ONE BRONZE STAR
     (Guadalcanal-Tulagi Landings, 7-9 Aug 1942)
     (Capture and Defense of Guadalcanal, 10 Aug 1942 - 31 Jan 1943)
     (Gilbert Islands Operation, 20-24 Nov 1943)
     (Capture and Occupation of Saipan, 15 Jun - 24 Jul 1944)
     (Capture and Occupation of Tinian, 24 Jul - 10 Aug 1944)
     (Assault and Occupation of Okinawa Gunto, 1-10 Apr 1945)
WORLD WAR II VICTORY STREAMER
     (7 Dec 1941 - 31 Dec 1946)
NAVY OCCUPATION SERVICE STREAMER WITH ASIA AND EUROPE CLASPS
     (Asia, 23 Sep 1945 - 12 Jun 1946)
     (Europe, 15 Jan - 5 Mar 1943 and various dates through
      1950)
NATIONAL DEFENSE SERVICE STREAMER WITH ONE BRONZE STAR
      (27 Jun 1950 - 27 Jul 1954)
      ( 1 Jan 1961 to date)
                                      56
ARMED FORCES EXPEDITIONARY STREAMER WITH TWO BRONZE STARS
     (Lebanon, 15 Jul - 13 Aug 1958)
     (Cuba, 24 Oct - 12 Dec 1962)
     (Dominican Republic, 1 - 29 May 1965)
                                      57
                                   APPENDIX F
                      2d Marines Medal of Honor Recipients
Maj   Randolph C. Berkeley    21-22 Apr 1914     Vera Cruz, Mexico
Maj   Smedley D. Butler       21-22 Apr 1914     Vera Cruz, Mexico
Capt  Eli T. Fryer            21-22 Apr 1914     Vera Cruz, Mexico
Capt  Walter N. Hill          21-22 Apr 1914     Vera Cruz, Mexico
Capt  John A. Hughes          21-22 Apr 1914     Vera Cruz, Mexico
LtCol Wendell C. Neville      21-22 Apr 1914     Vera Cruz, Mexico
GySgt Daniel J. Daly             24 Oct 1915     Ft. Liberte, Haiti
1stLt Edward A. Ostermann        24 Oct 1915     Ft. Liberte, Haiti
Capt  William P. Upshur          24 Oct 1915     Ft. Liberte, Haiti
1stLt William D. Hawkins      20-21 Nov 1943     Tarawa, Gilbert Is.
Col   David M. Shoup          20-21 Nov 1943     Tarawa, Gilbert Is.
                                     58
                                     

   

Links

Raíces de mi corazón - Roots of My Heart
by Gloria Rolando

Contacting AfroCubaWeb

Electronic mail
acw_AT_afrocubaweb.com [replace _AT_ with @]
[history/_private/textbar.htm]
Copyright © 1997 AfroCubaWeb, S.A.